CWUCWU NewsCWU Newshttp://www.cwu.edu/newsen-usSisters to Bring Irish Folk Music and Step Dancing to CWUhttp://www.cwu.edu/node/4168Fri, 21 Nov 2014 11:51:23<p style="text-align: center;"><img alt="" src="/sites/default/files/Gothard_Sisters_MAIN.jpg" style="width: 580px; height: 378px;"></p><p><a href="http://gothardsisters.weebly.com/home.html" style="line-height: 1.4;" target="_blank">The Gothard Sisters</a><span style="line-height: 1.4;"> are bringing their traditional Irish folk music and step dancing to </span>CWU<span style="line-height: 1.4;"> for a 7 p.m. performance Friday, December 5 in the Music Building Concert Hall. The trio’s fiddle tunes, champion dancing and holiday themed melodies make for energetic family entertainment. Tickets are $5 for </span>CWU<span style="line-height: 1.4;"> students and $10 for general admission and are available </span><a href="http://www.cwu.edu/tickets" style="line-height: 1.4;" target="_blank">online</a><span style="line-height: 1.4;">.</span></p><p><span style="line-height: 1.4;">Greta, Willow and </span>Solana<span style="line-height: 1.4;"> </span>Gothard<span style="line-height: 1.4;"> grew up playing the violin and have since added guitar, </span>cajon<span style="line-height: 1.4;">, keys, </span>bodhran<span style="line-height: 1.4;">, mandolin, and </span>pennywhistle<span style="line-height: 1.4;"> to their repertoire. The Pacific Northwest group has performed nationally in Celtic and folk music festivals, community concerts, state and county fairs, halftime shows, colleges and concert series.</span></p><p><span style="line-height: 1.4;">The </span>Gothard<span style="line-height: 1.4;"> Sisters write much of their own music, which is full of energy, joy and excitement. The trio has released eight albums, including </span><a href="http://gothardsisters.weebly.com/story-girl.html" style="line-height: 1.4;" target="_blank"><em>Story Girl</em></a><em style="line-height: 1.4;">,</em><span style="line-height: 1.4;"> which was Celtic Radio’s </span><a href="http://www.celticradio.net/php/news.php?item=1071" style="line-height: 1.4;" target="_blank">2011 album of the year</a><span style="line-height: 1.4;">. The group also was named best new Irish artist at the </span><a href="http://www.irishmusicawards.com/" style="line-height: 1.4;" target="_blank">Irish Music Awards</a><span style="line-height: 1.4;"> for 2013.</span></p><p><span style="line-height: 1.4;">The sisters are champion Irish step dancers, having competed multiple times at the World Championships of Irish Dance. When sister </span>Solana<span style="line-height: 1.4;"> was 11 years old, she became the youngest dancer from the Pacific Northwest ever to qualify for the world championships.</span></p><p><span style="line-height: 1.4;">For more information about the Gothard Sisters concert at CWU, contact the </span><a href="http://www.cwu.edu/music/" style="line-height: 1.4;" target="_blank">Music Department</a><span style="line-height: 1.4;"> at 509-963-1216 or music@cwu.edu.</span></p>Annual Gift Project Brightens Holiday for Hundreds of Childrenhttp://www.cwu.edu/node/4167Fri, 21 Nov 2014 07:46:51<p><img alt="" src="/sites/default/files/images/2013-holiday%20gift%20project.jpg" style="width: 256px; height: 320px; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px; float: right;"><span style="line-height: 1.4;">Once again, Central Washington University will host the Annual Holiday Gift Project, which serves hundreds of underserved children in </span>Kittitas<span style="line-height: 1.4;"> County. Students, faculty and staff all contribute to the campus-wide project, enjoying the opportunity to unleash their inner Santa. Last year, the gift project collected gifts for more than 300 children.</span></p><p>The project allows participants to make meaningful, personal gifts directly to individual children, by choosing items from the child’s own list. This year, there are 347 children on the list, of which 137 are currently sponsored.</p><p>The gift drive begins November 3 and concludes December 2, when all gifts need to be delivered to the Office of the President. The project coordinator suggests that, since some requests are “needs” as much as “wants,” people choose both a practical as well as a fun gift if possible.</p><p>The CWU Holiday Gift Project supports CWU’s Early Childhood Education Center, CWU’s Operation ELF, Kittitas County Bright Beginnings, and Department of Children and Family Services.</p><p>For more information, call 509-963-2111 or e-mail cwu_president@cwu.edu.</p><p>Photo: The 2013 Gift Project provided gifts for more than 300 children in Kittitas County.</p><p>Media Contact: Valerie Chapman-Stockwell, Public Affairs, 509-963-1518, valeriec@cwu.edu</p>CWU Grad Named Best Teacher in Washingtonhttp://www.cwu.edu/node/4165Wed, 19 Nov 2014 10:27:26<p><span style="line-height: 1.4;"><img alt="" src="/sites/default/files/images/Teacher%27sPin.png" style="width: 140px; height: 140px; margin-right: 2px; margin-left: 2px; float: left;">Another </span>CWU<span style="line-height: 1.4;"> alum has been selected as a <strong>Washington Teacher of the Year.</strong> </span></p><p>Anndria<span style="line-height: 1.4;"> Cook, ’12, has been selected by her peers across the state as the Washington Art Education Association’s Teacher of the Year at their recent annual conference in </span>Tukwila<span style="line-height: 1.4;">.</span></p><p>Cook earned her bachelor’s degree in Elementary Education with a minor in Literacy in 2012. She taught music for about 15 years at several private schools in the Lacy area, just north of Olympia. When she earned her degree from CWU, she moved to a position at Woodland Elementary School in the same area.</p><p>Cook believes art programs develop the brain and that other subjects make more sense if you teach with art. <a href="http://www.theolympian.com/2014/11/18/3432875/lacey-schools-art-teacher-named.html?sp=/99/101/​">Read the article announcing her award</a> in the <em>Olympian</em>, a <a href="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-WFYJUrS198">YouTube video</a>, produced by the <em>Olympian</em>, is also available.</p><p>Cook was quoted in the <em>Olympian</em>&nbsp;saying she teaches art using many disciplines to assure her art lessons align with a wider curriculum. Her fourth-grade students create rawhide drums, connecting with social studies classes on Native American culture and history.</p><p><strong>CWU's College of Education</strong> is among the top ten largest colleges of education in the nation with nationally recognized best educators preparing more teachers and leaders for Washington’s schools than any other public institution in the state.&nbsp;CWU is a national leader in the advancement of innovation in teaching and learning and first in the Northwest in the preparation of teachers and leaders.</p><p><span style="line-height: 1.4;">Cook is not the first </span>CWU<span style="line-height: 1.4;"> grad to reach high acclaim. Jeff </span>Charbonneau<span style="line-height: 1.4;">, a 2000 </span>CWU<span style="line-height: 1.4;"> alumnus and an Eastern Washington science teacher was won the prestigious national Teacher of the Year in 2013. </span>Charbonneau<span style="line-height: 1.4;">, from </span>Zillah<span style="line-height: 1.4;"> High in the Yakima Valley, started to help students get college credit for the classes they take at the high school but not through Advanced Placement tests. Seventy-two classes at </span>Zillah<span style="line-height: 1.4;"> High School can result in credits from Central Washington University, Eastern Washington University or local community colleges.</span></p><p>Diedre Young, ’82, earned two bachelor's degrees from Central Washington University, and was selected as a nominee for People Magazine's Teacher of the Year in 2013. Young is the high school science department head for Ridgway Christian School in Pine Bluff, Arkansas.</p><p><em>For more information, contact Jackie O’Ryan at jackieo@cwu.edu</em></p>Poet Bob Holman Screens "Language Matters" at CWU Wednesdayhttp://www.cwu.edu/node/4164Wed, 19 Nov 2014 08:06:54<p><img alt="" src="/sites/default/files/images/bob%20holman.jpg" style="width: 300px; height: 170px; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px; float: right;"><span style="line-height: 1.4;">Emmy Award winning producer and spoken-word poet Bob Holman is on a mission to protect and preserve the world's languages for future generations. His forthcoming documentary film, </span><em style="line-height: 1.4;">Language Matters</em><span style="line-height: 1.4;">, airing nationally on PBS in January, brings light to the issue of language endangerment and how language extinction affects global cultures.</span></p><p>"For me, poetry is the essence of language, and language is the essence of humanity," he said. "Half of the languages on the planet will disappear within the next 50 years unless we start listening to the mother tongues. Poets are the protectors of language. When a language dies, we lose a part of humanity. It affects everybody."</p><p>Read more of this story in the <a href="http://www.dailyrecordnews.com/members/poet-bob-holman-screening-language-matters-at-cwu/article_aa078268-6f4a-11e4-b991-ff5d61ecc063.html"><em>Daily Record</em></a>.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p>CWU Volleyball Earns 4th Seed in NCAA Divison II Tournamenthttp://www.cwu.edu/node/4163Tue, 18 Nov 2014 07:35:44<p><img alt="" src="/sites/default/files/images/cwuvolleyball-2.jpg" style="width: 495px; height: 320px;"></p><p>The Central Washington University volleyball team has earned its third consecutive berth to the NCAA Division II West Regional Tournament being selected as the fourth seed and with face fifth-seeded BYU-Hawaii in the first round of the tournament, which starts on Thursday, November 20 in Nampa, Idaho.<br><br>"We are extremely happy to be selected to this tournament, and feel like we earned it this season,"&nbsp;CWU head coach Mario Andaya said. "We played a very tough schedule and beat some very good teams, I couldn't be more happy for our girls, their hard work has paid off."<br><br>The Wildcats, who finished the season with a 19-7 record, will face the Seasiders for the eighth time with BYU-Hawaii owning a 6-1 record over CWU.&nbsp; The Wildcats won the last matchup 3-1 back in 2009 in Ellensburg.&nbsp; BYU Hawaii won the Pacwest conference with a 18-2 record, 21-5 overall, and was the 2013 National runner-up.<br><br>"BYU-Hawaii is a very tough team, as are all the team in this tournament," Andaya said about his upcoming matchup. "We are going to watch some film and come into Thursday with a game plan to put us in position to succeed."<br><br>Great Northwest Athletic Conference foe Northwest Nazarene earned the top seed in the tournament and will host the West Regional on their home court.&nbsp; The GNAC dominates the West Regional rankings holding the top four seeds in the tournament.&nbsp; Alaska Anchorage comes in as the second seed followed by Western Washington at three.<br><br>If the Wildcats defeat BYUH on Thursday they will face the winner of the #1 NNU vs. #8 Dixie State matchup on Friday.<br><br>Tickets will be available for purchase at NNUsports.com.&nbsp; And for a full breakdown of the NCAA Division II Bracket go to NCAA.com.</p>Actress and Equal Rights Advocate Brings her Message to CWUhttp://www.cwu.edu/node/4162Fri, 14 Nov 2014 09:51:20<p><span style="line-height: 1.4;"><img alt="" src="/sites/default/files/Cox_Laverne.jpg" style="width: 250px; height: 384px; margin: 5px; float: right;">Actress and equal rights advocate </span><a href="http://www.lavernecox.com/" style="line-height: 1.4;" target="_blank">Laverne Cox</a><span style="line-height: 1.4;"> is bringing her message to </span>CWU<span style="line-height: 1.4;"> where she’ll deliver her “Ain’t I A Woman?” speech at 7 p.m. Tuesday, November 18 in the </span>SURC<span style="line-height: 1.4;"> Ballroom.</span></p><p><span style="line-height: 1.4;">Cox stars in the Netflix series </span><a href="http://www.netflix.com/OrangeIstheNewBlack" style="line-height: 1.4;" target="_blank"><em>Orange is the New Black</em></a><span style="line-height: 1.4;"> where she plays the role of Sophia </span>Burset<span style="line-height: 1.4;">, an incarcerated African American transgender woman. Cox is the first trans woman of color to have a leading role on a mainstream TV show. She’s also a leader of the trans movement, urging audiences throughout the United States to move beyond gender expectations and live authentically.</span></p><p><span style="line-height: 1.4;">In August, </span><a href="http://www.campuspride.org/" style="line-height: 1.4;" target="_blank">Campus Pride</a><span style="line-height: 1.4;"> named </span>CWU<span style="line-height: 1.4;"> one of the </span><a href="http://www.campusprideindex.org/" style="line-height: 1.4;" target="_blank">top 50 LGBT-friendly universities</a><span style="line-height: 1.4;"> in the nation. The university’s </span><a href="http://www.cwu.edu/diversity/center-for-diversity-social-justice" style="line-height: 1.4;" target="_blank">Center for Diversity and Social Justice</a><span style="line-height: 1.4;">, which helped </span>CWU<span style="line-height: 1.4;"> earn its </span>LGBT-friendly<span style="line-height: 1.4;"> designation, invited Cox to campus.</span></p><p><span style="line-height: 1.4;">During her presentation, Cox will talk about her road to womanhood: from her Christian home in Mobile, Alabama to her life today as an actress and advocate for gender-variant people.</span></p><p><span style="line-height: 1.4;">Cox’s appearance at </span>CWU<span style="line-height: 1.4;"> is two days before the </span><a href="http://tdor.info/" style="line-height: 1.4;" target="_blank">International Transgender Day of Remembrance</a><span style="line-height: 1.4;">, which recognizes those killed based on prejudice and hatred of gender-variant people. On November 20, communities around the world will mark the annual observance with candlelight vigils that involve reading the names of the victims killed in the past year.</span></p><p><span style="line-height: 1.4;">In May, Cox was the first trans person featured on the </span><a href="http://time.com/135480/transgender-tipping-point/" style="line-height: 1.4;" target="_blank">cover of Time</a><span style="line-height: 1.4;"> magazine. In July she was the first trans person to be </span><a href="http://www.emmys.com/sites/default/files/Downloads/66th-nominations-list.pdf" style="line-height: 1.4;" target="_blank">nominated for an Emmy</a><span style="line-height: 1.4;"> for her role in </span><em style="line-height: 1.4;">Orange is the New Black</em><span style="line-height: 1.4;">. In April, Cox received a </span><a href="http://www.glaad.org/mediaawards" style="line-height: 1.4;" target="_blank">GLAAD Media Award</a><span style="line-height: 1.4;"> for promoting equality.</span></p><p><span style="line-height: 1.4;">Admission to her talk at </span>CWU<span style="line-height: 1.4;"> is free for students and $5 for general admission. Tickets are required and available </span><a href="http://www.cwu.edu/tickets" style="line-height: 1.4;" target="_blank">online</a><span style="line-height: 1.4;">. For more information contact the Center for Diversity and Social Justice at 509-963-2122 or diversity@cwu.edu.</span></p><p><span style="line-height: 1.4;">November 14, 2014</span></p>Campus Community can Donate Food Items to Help Those in Needhttp://www.cwu.edu/node/4161Thu, 13 Nov 2014 11:58:21<p><span style="line-height: 1.4;"><img alt="" src="/sites/default/files/DSC09459_W_CROP_CUTOUT_NO_SHADOW.jpg" style="width: 200px; height: 338px; float: right;">Members of the campus community have an opportunity next week to donate food items to those in need through a partnership between the </span>CWU<span style="line-height: 1.4;"> <a href="http://www.cwu.edu/ascwu/about-equity-and-services-council" target="_blank">Equity and Services Council </a>and the <a href="http://www.kvfish.org/" target="_blank">FISH food bank</a>.</span></p><p><span style="line-height: 1.4;">The food drive is planned Monday, November 17 through Sunday, November 23, when donation boxes will be conveniently located in the Student Union and Recreation Center east and west entrances, the </span>SURC<span style="line-height: 1.4;"> C-Store and the Student Government Office in </span>SURC<span style="line-height: 1.4;"> 256. Donation boxes also will be set up in the evenings from Friday, November 21 to Sunday, November 23 outside Grocery Outlet and Super 1 Foods.</span></p><p><span style="line-height: 1.4;">“Foods ranging from canned fruits and vegetables, to granola bars and crackers will be graciously accepted,” said Olivia Durham, a student member of the Equity and Services Council. “It’s important for the community and for all of us to pitch in and help provide for those down on their luck.”</span></p><p><span style="line-height: 1.4;">Appropriate food and toiletry items to donate include: canned fruit, canned vegetables, dried fruit, jams, jellies, pasta sauces, rice, quinoa, pasta and noodles, cereal, oatmeal, peanut butter, canned soup, mac n’ cheese, baby food, granola bars, crackers, beans and canned proteins, toothpaste, soap, shampoo and more.</span></p><p><span style="line-height: 1.4;">For more information contact Olivia Durham at durhamo@cwu.edu.</span></p><p><span style="line-height: 1.4;">November 13, 2014</span></p><p>&nbsp;</p>CWU Welcomes 350 GEAR UP Students on Saturdayhttp://www.cwu.edu/node/4158Wed, 12 Nov 2014 13:42:50<p><img alt="" src="/sites/default/files/images/gearup.jpg" style="width: 500px; height: 142px;"></p><p>More than 350 ninth- and tenth-grade students and their parents from Brewster, Chelan, Manson, Tonasket, Highland, Quincy, Omak, Oroville and Wenatchee school districts will attend Central Washington University's&nbsp;GEAR UP college preparation workshop and VEX Robotics training on Saturday November 15.</p><p>GEAR UP, a federally funded program, stands for Gaining Early Awareness and Readiness for Undergraduate Programs. Its mission is to increase the number of low-income students who are prepared to enter and succeed in postsecondary education.</p><p>Students and their families will participate in a day of workshops and hands-on science activities, including a “Why go to College” a presentation and panel discussion, led by CWU students. Career Services will introduce career exploration, and the Financial Aid office will discuss college financial aid options.</p><p>The GEAR UP Discovering Science Connections team, mentored by Steve Wagner, professor, biological sciences, and graduate students Anne Salow and David Reavill, will lead workshops that focus on reptiles and amphibians, birds, and primate skulls. In addition, students on the GEAR UP VEX robotics teams will meet in Hogue Hall to prepare for the upcoming December 6 VEX competition.</p><p>Students will earn an Anthropology Passport at the Museum for Culture and Environment coordinated by the museum’s director Mark Auslander, and staff Hope Amason and Lori Sheeran. Students will explore DNA extraction with Professor Joe Lorenz, discover ancient stone tools with the geography graduate students, and study macaque behavior with Primate Behavior and Ecology student Sara Perdue. The day will end with a tour through the MCE exhibit, How Did the Cougar Cross the Road, which explains wildlife passages and genetic diversity/connectivity across Snoqualmie Pass.</p><p>The CWU MOSAIC2 GEAR UP Project serves 2,040 students in in central Washington. GEAR UP provides critical early college awareness and support activities like tutoring, mentoring, academic preparation, financial education and college scholarships to improve access to higher education for low income, minority and disadvantaged first-generation students and their families.</p><p><br>Media Contact: Valerie Chapman-Stockwell, Public Affairs, 509-963-1518, valeriec@cwu.edu</p>Andaya Picks up 300th Victory as Volleyball Sweeps MSUBhttp://www.cwu.edu/node/4155Wed, 12 Nov 2014 07:35:21<p><img alt="" src="/sites/default/files/images/cwuvolleyball.jpg" style="width: 495px; height: 320px;"></p><p>The Central Washington University volleyball team extended its win streak to five games, and head coach Mario Andaya picked up his 300th career victory as the Wildcats defeated Montana State Billings University 3-0 Saturday night.<br><br>Andaya, in his 19th season at the helm for CWU is now 300-218 in his career with the Wildcats.<br><br>"I feel blessed to have been apart of this institution for this long,"&nbsp;Andaya said. &nbsp;"With the type of institution like CWU, it was just a matter of time, a lot of credit goes to the people I have around me who support the program year in and year out."<br><br>Central Washington improves to 19-6 on the season, 12-5 in the Great Northwest Athletic Conference.&nbsp; Montana State Billings falls to 11-14, 6-10 in the GNAC.<br><br>Central Washington jumped out to a quick 3-0 lead in set two behind two kills by Linden Firethorne.&nbsp; The Yellowjackets stormed back by taking a 7-6 lead, but another kill by Firethorne game the Wildcats an 11-10 advantage, a lead the Wildcats would hold onto for the remainder of the set.&nbsp; The Wildcats used an 8-1 run to gain separation in the set as the visitors finished the frame with a 25-17 set victory.</p><p><span style="line-height: 1.4;">After a short 2-0 lead by CWU, MSUB battled its way to a 20-14 lead over the Wildcats late in set two.&nbsp; A handful of Yellowjacket attack errors and a couple kills by Kaitlin Quirk helped the Wildcats regain the lead at 23-22, and Firethorne closed the match with a big kill off an assist from Catie Fry.</span><br><br>Again the Wildcats fell behind early in the third set with MSUB racing to a 7-4 lead. The Wildcats used a trio of consecutive kills by Jordan Deming, Kiah Jones and Fry to get back into the game.&nbsp; The two teams traded points until CWU used a 5-0 run aided by a kills from Fry and Firethorne and a block from Fry and Julie Hulbert.&nbsp; With an 18-13 lead, CWU cruised to the 25-18 set victory.<br><br>Firethorne had an impressive outing with 21 kills while hitting .400.&nbsp; Deming finished with 10 kills while Quirk and Hulbert both had seven.&nbsp; Fry again facilitated the Wildcat offense that hit .265 on the evening by handing out 42 assists on 52 Wildcat kills.<br><br>"Linden did what she does best tonight," Andaya said about his senior outside hitter. "She was available, and when her number was called she came through.&nbsp; She has really established herself as one of the best hitters in the conference."<br><br>Up next, the Wildcats play their last regular season matchup as they host conference leading Northwest Nazarene next Saturday, Nov. 15 at 7 p.m.<br><br>"We are looking forward to next week, its our last opportunity for our seniors to play in front of our home crowd," Andaya said.&nbsp; "NNU will be a big test and a good challenge going forward. If we are fortunate to have our number called for regionals, this will be a good test for us."<br><br>The Wildcats are currently ranked fifth in the NCAA Division II West Regional poll, and NNU comes into the week as the regions top ranked team. &nbsp;</p>Duchess of Malfi Explores the Dark Side of Power and Human Naturehttp://www.cwu.edu/node/4154Mon, 10 Nov 2014 09:13:24<p><img alt="" src="/sites/default/files/images/Duchess%20of%20Malfi.jpeg" style="width: 300px; height: 300px; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px; float: right;"><em style="line-height: 1.4;">The Duchess of Malfi</em><span style="line-height: 1.4;">, the </span>17th-century<span style="line-height: 1.4;"> classic tragedy by John Webster, has been called the “greatest play of the Jacobean period.”</span></p><p>Central Washington University’s Central Theatre Ensemble will bring to life this timeless tale of corruption and power in a magnificently staged production. Based on a true story, this story demonstrates both the brightest and darkest aspects of the human spirit in a vivid and compelling drama.</p><p>“We have a drama that focuses on the corruption of power and the stark difference between honor and dishonor,” said Brenda Hubbard, director, and theatre arts professor. “True nobility and honor, in any age is demonstrated through the integrity of one’s actions which can be easily marred by how society perceives one’s reputation.</p><p>“Ultimately, Webster reminds us that the most noble and heroic are those who forgive and invest in a future born of honesty and integrity,” she continued. “I hope our audience will find merit in our exploration of this great tragedy, considered by scholars to be one of the most brilliantly written of its period.”</p><p>While not a strictly accurate period production, CTE’s <em>Duchess</em> will feature stagecraft and costumes that retain a classical integrity, reflecting several historical eras as well as incorporating contemporary elements.</p><p>“The challenge for the students has been to work with an archaic, heightened language in ways that will resonate for the audience,” said Hubbard. “I think their efforts will provide a rare treat for theatre-goers.”</p><p><em>The Duchess of Malfi</em> will be performed in the Milo Smith Theatre at 7:30 p.m. on November 14, 15, 20, 21 and 22. There will matinee performances at 2:00 p.m. on November 16 and 23. A discussion will follow the November 20 performance. General admission tickets are $12; tickets for students and seniors are $10, and $7 for CWU students with ID.</p><p>Tickets may be purchased online at www.cwu.edu/theatre/tickets, or in person at the Welcome Center on University Way or at the Wildcat Shop Customer Service in the Student Union and Recreation Building. Tickets can be purchased calling 509-963-1429.</p><p>Parking in CWU lots is free after 4:30 p.m. and on weekends, except in residence hall lots and in specially designated spaces.</p><p><strong>Photo:</strong> The treacherous Bosola (Paul Bugallo), left, and noble-minded Antonio (Seth Hollen) represent the battle between the forces of good and evil in The Duchess of Malfi.</p><p><strong>Media Contact:</strong> Valerie Chapman-Stockwell, Public Affairs, 509-963-1518, valeriec@cwu.edu<br>&nbsp;</p>