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APA Historical Database: Selected Entries

On November 2:

1566 — Work began on the first mental hospital in the New World. The Hospital y Aliso de Convalescietes de San Hipolito was founded by Bernardino Alvarez and was formally inaugurated in Mexico City on January 28, 1567.

1899 — Otto Klineberg was born. Klineberg was a social psychologist whose research and writing focused on race relations, international relations, and cross-cultural psychology. APA Award for Distinguished Contributions in the Public Interest, 1979; APA Award for Distinguished Contributions to the International Advancement of Psychology, 1991.

1932 — The city of Zurich, Switzerland, awarded Carl Jung a creative writing prize of 8,000 francs.

1933 — The first operation to treat epilepsy by elevation of the skull cap was performed. The surgeon was Karl Ney of the New York Medical College and Flower Hospital. Drug treatments have replaced experimental surgical techniques such as this.

1934 — The first newsletter of the Association of Consulting Psychologists was issued. J. P. Symonds and Warren G. Findley were the editors of the newsletter. The newsletter became the Journal of Consulting Psychology in 1937.

1940 — The Conference on Morale, made up of delegates from the APA, American Association for the Advancement of Science, American Association for Applied Psychology, Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues, Society of Experimental Psychologists, and Psychometric Society, held its first formal meeting to plan psychology's response to World War II.

1982 — Electroconvulsive shock therapy was banned in Berkeley, California, by a voter-approved ballot initiative measure. The ban was later overturned by the courts because it abridged the patient's right to treatment prescribed by his or her doctor.

Copyright © 1995, American Psychological Association. Web version by permission. Source: Street, W. R. (1994). A Chronology of Noteworthy Events in American Psychology. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. The American Psychological Association and Central Washington University have supported the development of the APA Historical Database.

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