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APA Historical Database: Selected Entries

On August 17:

1848 — The Norwegian parliament passed the Act for the Treatment and Care of the Mentally Ill, Norway's first parliamentary law relating to mental health. The act was the work of Fredrik Holst and Herman Major. It was followed by the establishment of Norway's first psychiatric hospital, the Gaustad Asylum, in 1855.

1886 — The doctoral dissertation of Harry Kirke Wolfe was approved by Wilhelm Wundt and others at the University of Leipzig. Wolfe was the second American, after Cattell, to earn a degree under Wundt. His dissertation topic was memory for tones. Wolfe returned to the United States, where he founded the psychology program at the University of Nebraska.

1891 — Abraham Kardiner was born. Kardiner was a cofounder of the first psychoanalytic training school in the United States, the New York Psychoanalytical Institute (1930). He applied psychoanalytic principles to cross-cultural studies.

1895 — Edward L. Thorndike, recently graduated from Wesleyan University, applied for admission to graduate study at Harvard University. Thorndike earned a master's degree at Harvard in 1897 before entering Columbia University to complete his doctoral studies.

1943 — Clark Hull's book Principles of Behavior was published. Hull explained his hypothetico-deductive theory of behavior and provided supportive evidence in that book.

1950 — The U.S. State Department established a National Psychological Strategy Board to coordinate its propaganda and psychological warfare efforts in the "cold war" with the Soviet Union.

1973 — The Council for the Advancement of the Psychological Professions and Sciences filed a class action suit against Blue Cross/Blue Shield. The "Blues" would not cover psychological services for federal employees without a physician's referral. The suit was eventually dismissed when federal legislation (Public Law 93-363) removed the referral requirement.

1991 — The first APA Award for Distinguished Contributions to the International Advancement of Psychology was presented to Otto Klineberg at the APA convention in San Francisco.

1992 — The Association for High School Teachers of Psychology was formed at the Washington, DC, convention of the APA.

Copyright © 1995, American Psychological Association. Web version by permission. Source: Street, W. R. (1994). A Chronology of Noteworthy Events in American Psychology. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. The American Psychological Association and Central Washington University have supported the development of the APA Historical Database.

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