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APA Historical Database: Selected Entries

On July 26:

1875 — Carl Gustav Jung was born. Once allied with Sigmund Freud, Jung later proposed a theory of personality that deemphasized sexual motives and posited opposing forces of introverted/extraverted and rational/irrational personality types. Jung's concepts of the collective unconscious and archetypes and his interest in symbolism linked psychology to anthropology, religion, and art.

1953 — An APA committee recommended compiling the first Directory of Psychological Service Centers.

1954 — By signing the Educational Research Act (Public Law 83-531), President Eisenhower established the first extensive federal program of educational research.

1954 — Enabling legislation to establish the White House Conference on Education (Public Law 83-530) was passed.

1957 — Lowell Randall first reported the sedative effect in humans of the benzodiazepine chlordiazepoxide. The drug was synthesized by Leo Sternbach and left on a shelf for 18 months. Almost thrown out in a lab cleanup, it was tested on animals because the chemical analysis had already been done. The drug was eventually marketed for anxiety reduction as Librium (Hoffman-LaRoche).

1992 — The Americans With Disabilities Act of 1990 was signed into law. The act banned employment discrimination against people with physical and mental disabilities and required employers to make accommodations for the capabilities of disabled employees. Assessment, rehabilitation, and industrial/organizational psychologists helped employers comply with the law.

Copyright © 1995, American Psychological Association. Web version by permission. Source: Street, W. R. (1994). A Chronology of Noteworthy Events in American Psychology. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. The American Psychological Association and Central Washington University have supported the development of the APA Historical Database.

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