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APA Historical Database: Selected Entries

On June 2:

1868 — The American Psychiatric Association adopted a "project of law," describing the association's standards regarding legal rights of the insane, including commitment and discharge procedures and protection from civil and criminal prosecution. Isaac Ray chaired the committee that produced the report.

1912 — Bernard Berelson was born. Berelson's interests were communication and political behavior. He popularized the term behavioral science while at the Ford Foundation. With Gary Steiner, he wrote the book Human Behavior: An Inventory of Scientific Findings in 1964.

1920 — The first federal legislation providing for rehabilitation of civilians disabled in industrial accidents was enacted by Congress (Public Law 66-219).

1922 — Carl Lange and William James's The Emotions was published. Lange and James proposed that the behavioral aspects of emotion precede the conscious experience of emotional arousal.

1927 — The organizing committee of the International Committee for Mental Hygiene met in Paris at the same time as a 3-day celebration of the life of Philippe Pinel. The committee was headed by the mental health care reformer Clifford W. Beers. It was decided to hold the first International Congress on Mental Hygiene in April 1929, but lack of finances delayed the congress until May 5, 1930.

1931 — Psychologist Leonard T. Troland patented a method of color photography that was part of the Technicolor process. Troland held many Technicolor patents: This one is apparently the earliest relating to the properties of the film and is based on research on the nature of color and color vision. Troland's work provides fine examples of applied visual research.

1945 B. F. Skinner began writing his manuscript for The Sun is But a Morning Star. Before publication in 1948, the title of this work was changed to Walden Two.

1954 — Rudolf Arnheim's Art and Visual Perception was published.

1986 — The petition to create APA Division 46 (Media Psychology) was submitted.

1986 — In Bowen v. City of New York, the U.S. Supreme Court permitted thousands of people with mental illness to seek retroactive disability benefits cut off by the Social Security Administration. The Social Security Administration had set up an unpublicized list of serious mental disorders judged deserving of aid and had excluded the "undeserving" whose condition did not appear on the list.

1991 — The APA Science Directorate sponsored its first "Science Day" miniconference for representatives and presidents-elect of science-oriented APA divisions. The theme of the 2-day conference was legislative affairs.

Copyright © 1995, American Psychological Association. Web version by permission. Source: Street, W. R. (1994). A Chronology of Noteworthy Events in American Psychology. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. The American Psychological Association and Central Washington University have supported the development of the APA Historical Database.

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