1853 — Sheppard's Asylum, an early private mental hospital, was founded by Moses Sheppard and others. Actual construction outside Baltimore, Maryland, was delayed by restricted funds and the Civil War until groundbreaking on May 25, 1862. The first patient, a 46-year-old woman diagnosed with "dementia," was admitted on December 6, 1891. In 1898, the hospital's name was changed to the Sheppard and Enoch Pratt Hospital to recognize a major benefactor.
1902 — Tamara Dembo was born. Dembo brought Gestalt theory to bear on clinical, social, and developmental issues. She was an investigator in an often-cited study showing age regression behavior in frustrated children.
1917 — The APA Committee on Psychological Examination of Recruits first met at Vineland, New Jersey, to devise personnel classification methods for the military in World War I. Robert M. Yerkes chaired the committee, which developed the Army Alpha and Army Beta Tests. Other participants were Edgar A. Doll, Henry H. Goddard, Thomas H. Haines, Lewis M. Terman, Frederick L. Wells, and Guy M. Whipple
1923 — Henry P. David was born. David is noted for his international promotion of psychology and studies of reproductive behavior. He was the founder of the Transnational Family Research Institute (1972), an international organization for population studies. APA Award for Distinguished Contributions to the International Advancement of Psychology, 1992.
1945 — The Quebec Psychological Association became an affiliate of the Canadian Psychological Association.
1948 — The Canadian Board of Examiners in Professional Psychology was founded.
1948 — A preliminary version of the Kuder Preference Record Examiner's Manual was published.
1958 — The drug Vistaril (hydroxyzine pamoate; Pfizer) was approved for use by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Hydroxyzine is a diphenylamine and is prescribed as an antianxiety medication. Its action may be due to suppression of activity in subcortical regions of the brain.
1959 — The antipsychotic drug Mellaril (thioridazine; Sandoz) was approved for use by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Thioridazine is one of the phenothiazines and may work by blocking dopamine receptors in the brain.
1974 — The state of Iowa approved its psychologist licensure law. The law became effective on July 1, 1975.
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