[APA World Wide Web Logo]

APA Historical Database: Selected Entries

On May 18:

1898 — Morton Prince first reported his "Sally Beauchamp" case of multiple personalities.

1910 — At the annual meeting of the American Association for the Study of the Feeble-Minded in Lincoln. Illinois, Henry H. Goddard proposed definitions for a system for classifying individuals with mental retardation. Goddard used the terms moron, imbecile, and idiot for categories of increasing impairment. This nomenclature was the standard of the field for decades.

1965 — The founding of the first Head Start projects was announced by President Lyndon Johnson. There were 1,676 Head Start projects in this first group, involving 9,508 separate preschool centers, serving 375,842 children. The first group of projects used $65.7 million of the $112 million appropriated for the program.

1972 — The Menninger Conference on Postdoctoral Education in Clinical Psychology began in Topeka, Kansas. The conference was attended by 42 representatives of postdoctoral training programs, university departments of psychology, the APA, and the National Institute of Mental Health.

1976 — The Health Insurance Association of America adopted a Model Psychologist Direct Recognition Bill, formally endorsing "freedom of choice" legislation in every state. This type of legislation provides payment for services provided by clinical psychologists without physician supervision or referral.

1992 — The APA Traveling Psychology Exhibition made its debut at the Smithsonian Institution's Experimental Gallery in Washington, DC. The exhibit, titled "Psychology: Understanding Ourselves, Understanding Each Other," traveled to nine other cities through 1995.

1992 — In Foucha v. Louisiana, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that a person acquitted of a crime for reasons of insanity could not be held in institutions after regaining his or her mental health just because he or she might still be dangerous. In this particular case, Terry Foucha had been acquitted of charges of armed burglary because of temporary drug-induced mental impairment.

1992 — The U.S. Supreme Court's decision in Riggins v. Nevada overturned the murder conviction of David Riggins because the state had forced him to take antipsychotic drugs while he was on trial, thus impairing his ability to testify on his own behalf. The ruling affected the treatment of mentally unstable prisoners during trials.

Copyright © 1995, American Psychological Association. Web version by permission. Source: Street, W. R. (1994). A Chronology of Noteworthy Events in American Psychology. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. The American Psychological Association and Central Washington University have supported the development of the APA Historical Database.

Choose Another Day
How to Cite This Page in APA Style