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APA Historical Database: Selected Entries

On April 5:

1588 Thomas Hobbes was born. Hobbes's social philosophy proposed that people are motivated by self-interest, later called psychological hedonism. Hobbes was an early empiricist who asserted that physical events produce mental experiences. He supposedly was born prematurely because his mother was frightened by news of the approach of the Spanish Armada.

1850 — Francis Galton gave up the life of the idle rich and sailed with an expedition to southwest Africa, thus beginning his life as a scientist.

1898 — Clinical psychologist Morton Prince first hypnotized his patient, "Sally Beauchamp." He later found her to have three separate personalities. This was one of the first well-documented cases of multiple personality.

1909 — The first American institute for research in nervous diseases, the Neurological Institute of New York, was incorporated. The institute opened on October 1, 1909, with Alexander Candlish as the first superintendent.

1912 — James A. Bayton was born. Bayton's research and consulting focused on consumer behavior in the area of commodity marketing. He served as a consultant to the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People and to the military on the effects of racism and segregation. American Psychological Foundation Distinguished Teaching in Psychology Award, 1981.

1965 Roger Brown's classic text Social Psychology was published. Even though this was a textbook, by 1981 it had been cited in over 735 other works and was featured as a "citation classic" by the journal Current Contents.

1979 — The John B. Watson Symposium was held in Greenville, North Carolina, in commemoration of Watson's birth in 1878. Conference participants included B. F. Skinner, Fred Keller, and James V. McConnell.

Copyright © 1995, American Psychological Association. Web version by permission. Source: Street, W. R. (1994). A Chronology of Noteworthy Events in American Psychology. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. The American Psychological Association and Central Washington University have supported the development of the APA Historical Database.

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