1872 — George Coghill was born. Coghill was a developmental psychobiologist whose work focused on the role of prior behavior in shaping reflexes.
1900 — Helen Peak was born. Her field of expertise was in social psychology and social research methods. Peak published articles on the characteristics of Nazis, postwar problems in the reeducation of Germany, problems of objective observation, attitude structure and change, and her activation theory of motivation.
1917 — Alphonse Chapanis was born. Chapanis was a prominent figure in the emergence of the field of human engineering from World War II studies of machine design and human operator variables. APA Distinguished Scientific Award for the Application of Psychology, 1978.
1917 — The first issue of the Journal of Applied Psychology was published. G. Stanley Hall, John Wallace Baird, and Ludwig R. Geissler were editors of the journal.
1922 — Patrick Suppes was born. Suppes has worked in four major areas: measurement of subjective probability and utility, general learning theory, instructional computing, and semantics of natural language, especially children's language. APA Distinguished Scientific Contribution Award, 1972; National Medal of Science, 1990.
1947 — Shari Seidman Diamond was born. Diamond's studies of factors affecting decision making by juries, criminal sentencing decisions, and deceptive advertising exemplify her successful application of psychological methods to legal questions. APA Award for Distinguished Contributions to Research in Public Policy, 1991.
1959 — The California Psychological Association was incorporated. The organization began in 1948 and was called the California State Psychological Association until July 27, 1990.
1979 — The first meeting to organize the Cognitive Science Society was held at the Dallas-Fort Worth Airport. The formation of the society had been instigated by Allan Collins and Roger Schank, and Schank arranged this preliminary meeting of 12 cognitive scientists.
1986 — Ruth H. Strigel-Moore, Lisa R. Silberstein, and Judith Rodin's article "Toward an Understanding of Risk Factors for Bulimia" was published in the American Psychologist. The review concluded that female socialization is a major contributing factor in bulimia.
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