1911 — The trial of U.S. v. 40 Barrels and 20 Kegs of Coca-Cola began, in Chattanooga, Tennessee. The newly-founded U.S. Food and Drug Administration had seized a shipment of Coca-Cola syrup because the FDA suspected that caffeine was harmful. The trial featured evidence from now-classic studies by psychologist Harry Hollingworth of the effects of caffeine on mental functions. Hollingworth began his research on February 3, 1911, and testified on March 27, 1911. The court acquitted Coca-Cola on June 13, 1914. Hollingworth went on to be president of the APA in 1927.
1937 — Amos Tversky was born. Tversky's interests have included the analysis of psychological measurement and the nature of cognitive heuristics governing behavioral choice. Tversky worked with Daniel Kahneman to develop prospect theory. APA Distinguished Scientific Contribution Award, 1982.
1960 — George A. Miller, Eugene Galanter, and Karl H. Pribram's Plans and the Structure of Behavior was published.
1980 — The first grants were made from the APA's Psychology Defense Fund. The grants assisted psychologists in Hutchinson v. Proxmire, Virginia Academy of Clinical Psychologists v. Virginia Blue Cross-Blue Shield, and in the state of Alaska, where "sunset" legislation had terminated the state board of psychological examiners.
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