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APA Historical Database: Selected Entries

On March 2:

1867 — The first U.S. Department of Education was established. Henry Bayard, a leader in educational reform, was the first commissioner under the act.

1868 — Eleanor Acheson McCulloch Gamble was born. Gamble earned her degree under E. B. Titchener at Cornell University in 1898 and spent her career at Wellesley College. She was the most prominent early researcher on the sense of smell.

1927 — Frank Restle was born. Restle was a major figure in the development of contemporary cognitive psychology and one of the first generation of mathematical psychologists. He applied a mathematical approach to the resolution of long-standing dilemmas of discrimination learning, paired-associates learning, and problem solving.

1955 — Arkansas governor Orval Faubus signed his state's legislation providing for licensure of psychologists. John P. Anderson, Jean Gardiner, Oddist Murphree, Jerome Schiffer (Chair), and Joseph V. West were members of the first board of examiners.

1981 — Gordon Bower's article "Mood and Memory" was published in the American Psychologist.

1982 — The APA Division 39 (Psychoanalysis) Board of Directors approved the publication of the division's journal, Psychoanalytic Psychology. The journal was published by Lawrence Erlbaum Associates and edited by Helen Block Lewis. Publication began with the Winter 1984 issue.

1988 — Shelley E. Taylor and Jonathon D. Brown's article "Illusion and Well-Being: A Social Pschological Perspective on Mental Illness" was published in Psychological Bulletin. The article reviewed evidence that unrealistically positive self-perceptions are related to good mental health.

Copyright © 1995, American Psychological Association. Web version by permission. Source: Street, W. R. (1994). A Chronology of Noteworthy Events in American Psychology. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. The American Psychological Association and Central Washington University have supported the development of the APA Historical Database.

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