1788 — Arthur Schopenhauer was born. Schopenhauer contributed an early theory of color vision but is best known for his theory of the primacy of the will as the determinant of individual behavior.
1796 — Adolphe Quételet was born. Quételet was a probability theorist who applied the "law of deviation from an average," now called the normal curve, to biological and social attributes. He coined the term "statistics."
1899 — Martha Guernsey Colby was born. Colby was an innovative researcher in the area of child development. Colby was the second woman to receive the PhD from the University of Michigan (1922).
1930 — Walter Mischel was born. Mischel contributed to personality theory and assessment through analysis of personality trait conceptions, studies of the perception and organization of personality constancies, and by making a case for cross-situational distinctiveness of behavior. APA Distinguished Scientific Contribution Award, 1982.
1991 — The first meeting of the APA's Board for the Advancement of Psychology in the Public Interest (BAPPI) was held in Chantilly, Virginia. Melba Vasquez was elected chair and the group chose to focus its first year on "Violence in Society: Research, Prevention, and Treatment."
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