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APA Historical Database: Selected Entries

On January 29:

1827 — The first federal law relating to services for people with disabilities was passed. The law provided land for the Deaf and Dumb Asylum of Kentucky.

1887 — René Spitz was born. Spitz did landmark studies in orphanages, finding that environmental deprivation produced underdeveloped, apathetic infants, a condition he called "marasmus" or "hospitalism." He also studied the emergence of the smiling response in infants.

1927 — Theodore X. Barber was born. Barber is best known for his work on the nature of hypnosis and suggestibility. His contention is that the hypnotic state is not a separate kind of consciousness but a social event that permits exceptional compliance.

1935 — The first general administration of the Iowa Tests of Basic Skills was held. Students in 217 Iowa school systems took the standardized achievement tests.

1951 — S. S. Stevens dated the foreword to his classic book Handbook of Experimental Psychology.

1954 — Gordon Allport's book The Nature of Prejudice was published.

1962 — Howard Kendler and Tracy Kendler's article "Vertical and Horizontal Processes in Problem Solving" was published in Psychological Review. The article was later cited as a "citation classic" by Current Contents.

1977 — The APA Council of Representatives admitted Division 37 (Child and Youth Services). The division's name was later changed to Child, Youth, and Family Services.

Copyright © 1995, American Psychological Association. Web version by permission. Source: Street, W. R. (1994). A Chronology of Noteworthy Events in American Psychology. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. The American Psychological Association and Central Washington University have supported the development of the APA Historical Database.

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