CWUNewsNewshttps://www.cwu.edu/primate/newsen-usK. Wright and J. Funkhouser Article Publishedhttps://www.cwu.edu/primate/node/2637Sun, 06 May 2018 09:01:22<p>Former Primate Behavior graduate student Kaitlin Wright (class of 2014) and current graduate student Jake Funkhouser, along with Primate Behavior faculty Jessica Mayhew, Lori Sheeran, Steve Wagner, and Lixing Sun are coauthors of an article just out in <em>Zoological Research</em> entitled "Playing it cool: Characterizing social play, bout termination, and candidate play signals of juvenile and infant Tibetan macaques." The full article is available at <a href="http://www.zoores.ac.cn/EN/10.24272/j.issn.2095-8137.2018.048">http://www.zoores.ac.cn/EN/10.24272/j.issn.2095-8137.2018.048</a>. Congratulations to all the co-authors!</p>Center for Great Apes President and Founder Patti Ragan to Visit CWUhttps://www.cwu.edu/primate/node/2636Thu, 03 May 2018 16:22:06<p><img alt="" src="/primate/sites/cts.cwu.edu.primate/files/Patti%20Ragan%20Poster.jpg" style="width: 450px; height: 600px;"></p>Roxanne Sanders Recognized at COTS Celebration of the Scienceshttps://www.cwu.edu/primate/node/2635Thu, 03 May 2018 16:17:22<p>Congratulations to Roxanne Sanders, who is being recognized tonight (5/3/18) for her academic excellence (PBE and ANTH double majors, Captive Primate Care certificate), and her many years of service (&gt; 500 volunteer hours!) in educational outreach at the Woodland Park Zoo. Roxanne is the recipient of the zoo's Youth Conservation Leadership Award, through which she will complete an internship this coming summer at Chimps, Inc. In 2019, she plans to also complete a primate-focused field school. Roxanne is also an educational outreach officer for Primate Awareness Network.</p><p style="text-align: center;"><img alt="" src="/primate/sites/cts.cwu.edu.primate/files/Sam%20and%20I%202.JPG" width="230" height="409"></p></p style="text-align: center;">Dr. Birute Mary Galdikas' Visit CWUhttps://www.cwu.edu/primate/node/2634Sat, 31 Mar 2018 16:26:00<p>&nbsp;</p><p><iframe class="youtube-player" src="//www.youtube.com/embed/sjWZDAxSDXo?rel=0" title="YouTube video player" type="text/html" width="480" height="390" frameborder="0"></iframe></p><p>&nbsp;</p>A. Denice Article Publishedhttps://www.cwu.edu/primate/node/2632Tue, 20 Mar 2018 16:58:45<p>Former Primate Behavior graduate student Anthony Denice (class of 2017) is one of four co-authors on an article just published in <em>Archives of Sexual Behavior</em> entitled "Homosexual behavior between male spider monkeys (<em>Ateles geoffroyi</em>)." See the full article at https://doi.org/10.1007/s10508-018-1177-8. Congratulations, Anthony!</p>Dr. Mayhew quoted in The Atlantic articlehttps://www.cwu.edu/primate/node/2631Tue, 06 Mar 2018 15:34:40<p><img alt="" src="/primate/sites/cts.cwu.edu.primate/files/lead_960.jpg" style="width: 800px; height: 475px;"></p><h1 class="hed" itemprop="headline">Captive Orangutans Are Curious (But Wild Ones Are Not)</h1><h1 class="hed" itemprop="headline">See full story at:</h1><p><a href="https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2018/03/captivity-unlocks-curiosity-in-orangutans/554813/">https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2018/03/captivity-unlocks-curiosity-in-orangutans/554813/ </a></p><p>&nbsp;</p></h1 class="hed" itemprop="headline"></h1 class="hed" itemprop="headline">Philosophers Fight for Chimpanzee Personhoodhttps://www.cwu.edu/primate/node/2630Tue, 06 Mar 2018 09:06:39<p style="text-align: center;"><img alt="" src="/primate/sites/cts.cwu.edu.primate/files/tommy-chimpanzee-caged.jpg" width="742" height="429"></p><p>From the <em>Daily Nous</em></p><p>Seventeen philosophers co-authored and submitted to the New York Court of Appeals an amicus curiae brief in support of legal personhood for a pair of chimpanzees. The chimpanzees, Tommy and Kiko, are clients of Sam Wise and the organization he founded, the Nonhuman Rights Project (NhRP). The chimpanzees, each believed to be in their thirties, have been abused and held in solitary confinement for much of their lives in New York, according to Big Think. The NhRP is trying to get the chimpanzees moved to an accredited animal sanctuary in Florida. The NhRP’s legal strategy involves asking the NY Court of Appeals to grant the chimpanzees habeas corpus relief. The idea is to require that the chimpanzees be brought to court as part of a proceeding to determine whether they are, in effect, illegally imprisoned. The NhRP has submitted a memo to the court seeking an appeal of a previous decision declining to issue writs of habeas corpus for Tommy and Kiko. A central issue in the decision of whether to grant habeas corpus relief to the chimpanzees is whether they are legal persons. It is on this issue that the philosophers wrote their brief. They argue that the court, in its previous decision, has failed to use a “consistent and reasonable definition ‘personhood’ and ‘persons.'” [The philosophers state:] "We submit this brief in our shared interest in ensuring a more just co-existence with other animals who live in our communities. We strongly urge this Court, in keeping with the best philosophical standards of rational judgment and ethical standards of justice, to recognize that, as nonhuman persons, Kiko and Tommy should be granted a writ of habeas corpus and their detainers should have the burden of showing the lawful justification of their current confinement…In this brief, we argue that there is a diversity of ways in which humans (Homo sapiens) are ‘persons’ and there are no non-arbitrary conceptions of ‘personhood’ that can include all humans and exclude all nonhuman animals. To do so we describe and assess the four most prominent conceptions of ‘personhood’ that can be found in the rulings concerning Kiko and Tommy, with particular focus on the most recent decision, Nonhuman Rights Project, Inc v Lavery."</p><p>The four conceptions of persons the philosophers take up are persons as (1) members in the biological taxonomic classification homo sapiens, (2) social contractors, (3) members of the relevant community, (4) possessing certain capacities, such as autonomy. [The philosophers write:]<br>"Each of these different conceptions supports different reasoning regarding personhood. The first, species membership, is morally weak due to its arbitrary character. The other three, when properly understood, entail that Kiko and Tommy can qualify as persons. On these grounds we agree with the NhRP that it is unjust to deny Kiko and Tommy habeas corpus relief."</p><p>The brief, informally known as “Chimpanzee Personhood: The Philosophers’ Brief,” is over 40 pages long, and elaborates on each of these points.</p><p>The philosophers who authored the brief are: Kristin Andrews (York University), Gary Comstock (North Carolina State University), G.K.D. Crozier (Laurentian University), Sue Donaldson (Queen’s University), Andrew Fenton (Dalhousie University), Tyler M. John (Rutgers University), L. Syd M Johnson (Michigan Technological University), Robert C. Jones (California State University, Chico), Will Kymlicka (Queen’s University), Letitia Meynell (Dalhousie University), Nathan Nobis (Morehouse College), David Peña-Guzmán (California State University, San Francisco), James Rocha (California State University, Fresno), Bernard Rollin (Colorado State), Jeffrey Sebo (New York University), Adam Shriver (University of British Columbia), and Rebecca L. Walker (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill).</p><p>In a description of the brief, two of its authors, Andrew Fenton and Syd M Johnson, say more about why they think it is important:</p><p><em>Why does it matter if the courts agree that Tommy and Kiko are persons? </em>Right now, they are being held in solitary enclosures and are legally unprotected from being confined in this way even though doing so harms them. They are unprotected because under the law there are only persons or things, and Tommy and Kiko are not recognized as persons. As far as we know, their current owners are not breaking any animal welfare laws, so their solitary captivity seems perfectly legal. This is a fundamental flaw with animal welfare laws—while they can protect animals from some forms of outrageous abuse (starvation, neglect), they are otherwise silent about whether other important interests of animals are served, such as their freedom of movement, or their ability to socialize with others of their kind. Only persons have rights, including rights to bodily liberty. So, unless and until Tommy and Kiko are recognized as persons, they remain legal things lacking even the most basic rights, including the right to live as chimpanzees, with other chimpanzees.</p><p>For further information, see <a href="https://www.nonhumanrights.org/blog/update-motion-philosophers-brief/">https://www.nonhumanrights.org/blog/update-motion-philosophers-brief/</a></p></p style="text-align: center;"></br>K. Stauch Accepted into PhD Program at Oklahoma Statehttps://www.cwu.edu/primate/node/2629Tue, 06 Mar 2018 08:53:46<p>Kirili Stauch has been accepted into Oklahoma State's Experimental Psychology program. Kiri will be fully funded and will be joining Dr. Abramson's laboratory to study shelter dogs and their adopters in hopes of approving the success of adoptions rates. Kiri also plans to work with another graduate student in Dr. Abramson's lab on equine therapy research.</p><p>&nbsp;</p>J. Funkhouser Accepted into PhD Program at Washington Uhttps://www.cwu.edu/primate/node/2628Tue, 06 Mar 2018 08:50:17<p style="text-align: center;"><img alt="" src="/primate/sites/cts.cwu.edu.primate/files/J.%20Funkhouser_cropped%20headshot.jpg" style="width: 449px; height: 600px;"></p><p>Jake Funkhouser has been accepted into Washington University in St. Louis' PhD program in Biological Anthropology. As part of Jake's admissions, he has received full tuition remission (an estimated 6-year value of over $315,000), a competitive living stipend of $23,360 per academic year, and an anticipated award of $10,000 from the Anthropology Department for pilot and dissertation research. In total, Jake has been awarded over $400,000 in full financial support as he pursues a MA and PhD in biological anthropology.</p><p>Jake has been admitted under the advisement of Dr. Crickette Sanz, a CWU alumni. For Dr. Sanz' undergraduate and master’s degrees at CWU, she studied experimental psychology and spent several years working at the Chimpanzee and Human Communication Institute. Together, Jake and Dr. Sanz hope to tackle large questions of behavioral adaptations, comparative social behavior, and individual well-being across sanctuary, zoo, and wild chimpanzee populations. For more information on the Anthropology Department at Washington University in St. Louis: https://anthropology.artsci.wustl.edu/</p></p style="text-align: center;">Congratulations Jake Funkhouser & Dr. Mayhew for Recent Publication!https://www.cwu.edu/primate/node/2627Thu, 15 Feb 2018 12:44:55<p>On February 14th, 2018 graduate student, Jake Funkhouser, and assistant professor in the Department of Anthropology, Dr. Jessica Mayhew, recently published the article "Social network and dominance hierarchy analyses at Chimpanzee Sanctuary Northwest". The article was published through the Public Library of Science journal.&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p><strong>Abstract</strong><br>Different aspects of sociality bear considerable weight on the individual- and group-level welfare of captive nonhuman primates. Social Network Analysis (SNA) is a useful tool for gaining a holistic understanding of the dynamic social relationships of captive primate groups. Gaining a greater understanding of captive chimpanzees through investigations of centrality, preferred and avoided relationships, dominance hierarchy, and social network diagrams can be useful in advising current management practices in sanctuaries and other captive settings. In this study, we investigated the dyadic social relationships, group-level social networks, and dominance hierarchy of seven chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) at Chimpanzee Sanctuary Northwest. We used focal-animal and instantaneous scan sampling to collect 106.75 total hours of associative, affiliative, and agonistic data from June to September 2016. We analyzed our data using SOCPROG to derive dominance hierarchies and network statistics, and we diagrammed the group’s social networks in NetDraw. Three individuals were most central in the grooming network, while two others had little connection. Through agonistic networks, we found that group members reciprocally exhibited agonism, and the group’s dominance hierarchy was statistically non-linear. One chimpanzee emerged as the most dominant through agonism but was least connected to other group members across affiliative networks. Our results indicate that the conventional methods used to calculate individuals’ dominance rank may be inadequate to wholly depict a group’s social relationships in captive sanctuary populations. Our results have an applied component that can aid sanctuary staff in a variety of ways to best ensure the improvement of group welfare.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>Please refer to the following link to read the full article and join the department in celebrating Jake and Dr. Mayhew's hard work!</p><p><a href="http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0191898">http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0191898</a></p></br>