APA Style Guide: Citing APA Historical Database Calendar Pages

Here's how to cite pages from the online version of the APA Historical Database. 

A citation consists of two parts, a full bibliographic entry in the reference list and a reference in the text of a manuscript. Every work cited  in the reference list should also be cited in the text and vice versa. 

The proper forms for the reference list and the text reference are given here. Copy the parts in black text just as they are written. Substitute parts in color with information taken from the web page you wish to refer to. An explanation in matching color is given for each colored portion.

Reference List

General form:
     Street, W. R. (Year, Month Day). Month day in Psychology. Retrieved Month day, year, from the American Psychological Association Historical Database Web site at Central Washington University: http://www.cwu.edu/~warren/calmmdd.html

Substitution key:
Year, Month Day = Substitute the date on which the web page you're citing was most recently modified, in parentheses.. Example: (2001, November 13). To find this date, point your browser to http://www.cwu.edu/~warren/calendar, which will give you a list of all the files on the whole calendar web site. Find the file you're citing. Its filename will end with a four-digit code for the month and day of the historic events, such as cal0206 for February 6. Use the revision date of that file. If you cite several web pages having the same year, put the references in order and append lower case letters to the year of each entry. Append matching letters to the text references.  For example, (2001a, November 13).

Month day in Psychology = Substitute the title of the page you're citing, in italics. The page titles all give a month and day, followed by the words "in Psychology." Example: February 6 in Psychology.

Month day, year = Substitute the date on which you viewed the web page you're citing. Example: February 1, 2002.

mmdd = Substitute the URL (web address) for the page you're citing. The URL can be found in the address bar of your browser. (HOWEVER, if your browser bar says "http://www.cwu.edu/~warren/date.php," that's not the true URL of the page.) The true URLs for calendar web pages are all the same, except for four numbers that match the month and day of the page. For example, the URL for the February 6 page is: http://www.cwu.edu/~warren/cal0206.html .

Complete example:

     Street, W. R. (2001, November 13). February 6 in Psychology. Retrieved February 1, 2002, from the American Psychological Association Historical Database Web site at Central Washington University: http://www.cwu.edu/~warren/cal0206.html

Text Reference

General forms:
1. Author and date in parentheses: (Street, Year).
     Example: Wundt earned his MD degree in 1855 (Street, 2001).
2. Author in the body of the text and date in parentheses: Street (Year). 
     Example: Street (2001) reports that Wundt's MD dissertation research was on touch sensitivity.

Substitution key:
Year = The year in which the web page you're citing was most recently modified. You needed the full date (month, day, and year) for the reference list (above). Just use the year alone in the text reference. If you cite several web pages having the same year, append lower case letters to the ordered entries in the reference list and use those same letters in the text reference. For example, (Street, 2001a; Street, 2001b).

 

Further Information

1. Most of the entries in the online database are also found in a book: Street, W. R. (1994). A chronology of noteworthy events in the history of American psychology. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

2. Detailed information about all aspects of APA style, including citing electronic sources, can be found in American Psychological Association (2001). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (5th ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

3. There's some information on the web (appropriately) about APA style for electronic citations. Go to http://www.apastyle.org/elecref.html