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APA Historical Database: Selected Entries


On December 26:

1858 — A facility for the care of people with mental illness was opened in Halifax, Nova Scotia. This was the first facility of its kind in the province. Previous to 1858, people with mental illness had been sent to the "lunatic ward" of the Provincial and City Poor's Asylum or were cared for at home.

1880 — (George) Elton Mayo was born. Mayo was responsible for the Hawthorne studies of industrial and social behavior.

1907 — John C. Eberhart was born. Through his career at the National Institute of Mental Health, Eberhart promoted an environment of scientific freedom of inquiry in clinical psychiatry, psychology, sociology, neurophysiology, biochemistry, and pharmacology. He was an organizer of the Boulder Conference (1949), resulting in the scientist-practitioner model of clinical training.

1945 — Ludy T. Benjamin, Jr., was born. Benjamin's work has included influential research and writing on the history of psychology and the teaching of psychology. American Psychological Foundation Distinguished Teaching in Psychology Award, 1986.

1972 — Fergus I. M. Craik and Robert S. Lockhart's article "Levels of Processing: A Framework for Memory Research" was published in the Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior. By 1979, this article had been cited in over 590 other publications and was chosen as a "citation classic" by the journal Current Contents.

1974 — Eleanor E. Maccoby and Carol N. Jacklin's book Psychology of Sex Differences was published.


Copyright © 1995, American Psychological Association. Web version by permission. Source: Street, W. R. (1994). A Chronology of Noteworthy Events in American Psychology. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. The American Psychological Association and Central Washington University have supported the development of the APA Historical Database.

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