1913 — Albert Ellis was born. Ellis has devised and promoted rational-emotive therapy, a cognitive-behavioral approach to psychotherapy that is based on exposing and confronting the irrational beliefs of the client. APA Distinguished Professional Contributions Award, 1985.
1920 — The first client, a child, was seen at the Tavistock Clinic in London. Originally named the Tavistock Square Clinic for Functional Nervous Disorders, the clinic was one of the first outpatient clinics in Great Britain to provide psychoanalytic therapy for indigent clients. The founder and first director of the clinic was Hugh Crichton-Miller. The clinic is known for its work in psychosomatic medicine, social psychiatry, and child and family therapy.
1928 — Joachim Wohlwill was born. Wohlwill fled from the Nazis in Germany and Portugal, earning his PhD at the University of California, Berkeley, in 1957. He studied the relation between physical environment and behavior, especially the behavior of children.
1954 — David Riesman appeared on the cover of Time magazine. Riesman's work relating culture to behavior was popularized by his book The Lonely Crowd.
1967 — The antidepressant drug Vivactil (protriptyline; Merck Sharp and Dohme) was approved for use by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Protriptyline is a tricyclic antidepressant. It probably enhances neurotransmission by blocking reuptake of the neurotransmitters norepinephrine and serotonin.
1982 — The APA Monitor announced completion of the APA's first television public service messages. Copies were sent to 400 television stations in the United States and were first broadcast in Little Rock, Chicago, and Orlando.
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