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APA Historical Database: Selected Entries


On September 16:

1885 — Karen Horney was born. Horney's neo-Freudian personality theory emphasized the role of childhood strategies for the reduction of basic anxiety as a precursor to adult neurosis. She promoted feminist goals in analytic theory as well as in the larger society. Horney founded the American Institute for Psychoanalysis (1941). Her books The Neurotic Personality of Our Time (1937) and New Ways in Psychoanalysis (1939) were major statements of her work.

1917 — Jane D. Hildreth was born. Hildreth was a member of the first professional staff hired by the APA and served continuously from 1950 until her retirement in 1988, when her title was Director of Membership and Records. She was a legendary source of information about the evolution of the APA and its procedures, both formal and informal.

1920 — Carlos Albizu-Miranda was born. Albizu-Miranda received the American Psychological Foundation Award for the Development of Psychology Education in Puerto Rico in 1980. He helped found the Instituto Psicologico de Puerto Rico, later renamed the Caribbean Center for Advanced Studies. His interests were in clinical psychology, social class, and test performance.

1940 — President Franklin Roosevelt signed the Selective Service Act. The Army General Classification Test (AGCT) had been devised by prestigious experts in testing and awaited the first draftees. Carl C. Brigham, Henry C. Garrett, Carrol L. Shartle, Louis L. Thurstone, and Walter Van Dyke Bingham (chair) were the civilian members of the AGCT committee, created in April, 1940.

1947 — The first forms of Wilfred S. Miller's Miller Analogies Test, Graduate Level were published. This measure of academic achievement continues to be used to evaluate applicants to graduate programs.

1957 — The antipsychotic drug Vesprin (triflupromazine; Squibb) was approved for use by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Triflupromazine is one of the phenothiazines and may work by blocking dopamine receptors in the brain.

1963 — The state of Alabama approved its psychologist licensure law. The law became effective on October 1, 1963.

1964 — The Gerbrands Corporation, manufacturer of experimental psychology laboratory equipment, was incorporated.

1970 — Wilfrid J. Dixon's BMD Manual (2nd ed.) was published. BMD was one of the first comprehensive statistical packages for the computer.

1983 — Paul Ekman, Robert Levenson, and Wallace Friesen's article "Autonomic Nervous System Activity Distinguishes Among Emotions" was published in Science. The article was widely cited in psychology texts.

1991 — George A. Miller was awarded the National Medal of Science by President George Bush. The award recognized Miller's achievements in research on thought, language, and memory.


Copyright © 1995, American Psychological Association. Web version by permission. Source: Street, W. R. (1994). A Chronology of Noteworthy Events in American Psychology. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. The American Psychological Association and Central Washington University have supported the development of the APA Historical Database.

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