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APA Historical Database: Selected Entries


On September 7:

1707 — George Louis Buffon was born. Buffon was a naturalist whose pre-Darwinian theory of evolution retained the notion of divine creation but proposed the capacity for organic change in response to the environment.

1909 — Sigmund Freud gave the first of his five daily lectures at Clark University. In this lecture, Freud described Josef Breuer's case of "Anna O." and the "talking cure" used in her therapy.

1913 — Carl Jung presented his typology to the Fourth International Congress of Psychoanalysis in Munich and broke his ideological ties with Sigmund Freud.

1926 — Arthur N. Wiens was born. Wiens has contributed to psychology as an educator, scholar, researcher, clinician, and administrator. His research has focused on the nature of the clinical interview. APA Distinguished Career Contributions to Education and Training in Psychology, 1991.

1929 — The APA accepted, "with deep appreciation," Howard C. Warren's gift of 60 shares of Psychological Review Company stock. The gift completed the transfer of Warren's journals (Psychological Review, Psychological Bulletin, Journal of Experimental Psychology, Psychological Monographs, and Psychological Index) to the APA.

1938 — The Library of Congress received its copy of the first issue of Psychological Record.

1945 — The APA Board of Directors voted to publish the American Psychologist. The first issue appeared in January 1946.

1949 Frank Beach delivered his APA Division 3 presidential address, "The Snark was a Boojum." This frequently reprinted talk documented and decried reliance on the Norway rat as an experimental subject.

1950 — The APA notified Governor Earl Warren of California and University of California president Robert Sproul that it was recommending that APA members not accept positions at the University of California until "tenure conditions improve." The university had discharged professors who had refused to sign a loyalty oath as part of their contract. The oath was later declared illegal.

1960 — Douglas P. Crowne and David Marlowe's article "A New Scale of Social Desirability Independent of Psychopathology" was published in the Journal of Consulting Psychology. In 1983, this article was featured as a "citation classic" by the journal Current Contents.

1964 — The Council of Chairmen of Graduate Departments of Psychology was founded at an informal meeting of department chairs at the annual meeting of the APA in Los Angeles. Lloyd Humphreys of the University of Illinois chaired this meeting and was elected first chairman of the organization. The group later changed its name to the Council of Graduate Departments of Psychology.

1965 — APA Division 26 (History of Psychology) was granted official status by the APA Council of Representatives. Robert I. Watson was instrumental in the formation of the new division.

1970 — The Society of Pediatric Psychology adopted its official bylaws. The society began meeting as a special interest group of APA Division 12 (Clinical Psychology), Section 1 (Clinical Child Psychology) in 1968, when Logan Wright served as its president. Other founding figures were Dorothea Ross and Lee Salk. On October 1, 1980, the society became Section 5 of APA Division 12.

1974 — The Federal Employee Work Injury Compensation program was expanded by Public Law 93-416 to include coverage of psychological services.

1985 — Leonard Goodstein assumed the post of APA Executive Officer, replacing Michael Pallak, who served from 1979 to 1985. Goodstein served until 1988 and was replaced by Gary VandenBos on an interim basis.


Copyright © 1995, American Psychological Association. Web version by permission. Source: Street, W. R. (1994). A Chronology of Noteworthy Events in American Psychology. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. The American Psychological Association and Central Washington University have supported the development of the APA Historical Database.

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