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APA Historical Database: Selected Entries


On August 6:

1793 — Philippe Pinel was appointed "physician of the infirmaries" at the Bicêtre asylum, the public hospice for men near Paris, and the site of his later reforms in the treatment of people with mental illness.

1886 — Florence L. Goodenough was born. Goodenough was a child psychologist best known for the development of the Draw-A-Man Test. She was active in studies of intelligence, taking the position that intelligence is relatively fixed across the childhood years.

1889 — The International Congress of Psychology first met, in Paris. Jean-Martin Charcot served as president. This meeting was titled the International Congress of Physiological Psychology; the present title was adopted in 1896 at the third congress.

1924 — Sophie Freud Loewenstein was born. Loewenstein, Sigmund Freud's granddaughter, specialized in social work, women's issues, and teaching. Her approach moved over time from a psychoanalytic orientation to a systems orientation.

1932 — The first University of Iowa Child Welfare Pamphlet was published by the university's Child Welfare Research Station. The monograph was by Charles H. Cloy and was titled "Is My Child Underweight?" The series provided parents and teachers with brief guides to child development written in everyday language.

1956 — Jerome S. Bruner, Jacqueline J. Goodnow, and George A. Austin's book A Study of Thinking was published. The book was a product of the Harvard Cognition Project, founded by Bruner and conducted in Harvard University's Laboratory of Social Relations. Bruner has cited the book as a beginning point of contemporary cognitive psychology.


Copyright © 1995, American Psychological Association. Web version by permission. Source: Street, W. R. (1994). A Chronology of Noteworthy Events in American Psychology. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. The American Psychological Association and Central Washington University have supported the development of the APA Historical Database.

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