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APA Historical Database: Selected Entries

On June 23:

1894 — Alfred C. Kinsey was born. Kinsey is best known for his large-scale surveys of human sexual behavior, but he was trained as an entomologist and was elected to the National Academy of Sciences for his work on gall wasp taxonomy.

1926 — The College Entrance Examination Board's Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT) was first administered. The SAT was intended to make competitive college admissions more democratic, although critics have pointed out that nothing was done to expand the diversity of the pool of applicants who took the SAT.

1960 — Daniel Berlyne's book Conflict, Arousal and Curiosity was published.

1967 — The state of North Carolina ratified its licensure law for psychologists. The law became effective on July 1 of the same year. J. Wilbert Edgerton was instrumental in promoting passage of this legislation.

1970 — The Civilian Health and Medical Program of the Uniformed Services (CHAMPUS) was directed to recognize the independent practice of qualified psychologists, free of medical referral, in all of the states. This administrative policy of the Department of Defense was not written into federal legislation until 1976.

1972 — The National Institute of Education, created to conduct and support research in education, was established by Title XIV of Public Law 92-318, the Education Amendments Act of 1972.

1972 — Ohio passed a licensure law for psychologists, the 46th state to do so.

1972 — The drug Tranxene (clorazepate; Abbott Laboratories) was approved for use by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Clorazepate is a benzodiazepine and is used as an antianxiety agent and as a sedative.

1978 — The first four graduates in a pilot program at the University of California, Berkeley, were awarded their Doctor of Mental Health degrees. The 5-year program included 2 years in health, psychology, and medicine and a 3-year internship.

1979 — The American Association for the Study of Mental Imagery held its first Annual Imagery Conference in Los Angeles.

1992 — Allen Newell was awarded the National Medal of Science by President Bush in a White House ceremony. Newell's work in artificial intelligence was cited in the award presentation.

1992 — Eleanor J. Gibson was awarded the National Medal of Science by President Bush in a White House ceremony. Gibson's lifetime of research and theory in perceptual learning and development led to the award.

Copyright © 1995, American Psychological Association. Web version by permission. Source: Street, W. R. (1994). A Chronology of Noteworthy Events in American Psychology. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. The American Psychological Association and Central Washington University have supported the development of the APA Historical Database.

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