1859 — Pierre Marie Félix Janet was born. Janet was a French psychopathologist remembered for his dissociation theory of hysteria and hypnosis. His first case study, that of a hypnotic subject named Léonie, was published in 1886. He introduced the words dissociation and subconscious into psychological terminology and attributed hysteria and hypnotic susceptibility to inherited dispositions toward imbalances in psychic energy and psychic tension.
1909 — Jerome D. Frank was born. Frank's career in psychology and psychiatry has been marked by his clear explanations of the therapeutic process and of aspects of psychological research that bear on the prevention of nuclear war. APA Award for Distinguished Contributions to Psychology in the Public Interest, 1985.
1922 — James Olds was born. Olds's studies of pleasure centers in the brain were the first in a distinguished career of investigations of the physiological bases of motivation. American Association for the Advancement of Science Newcombe-Cleveland Award, 1956; Society of Experimental Psychologists Warren Medal, 1962; APA Distinguished Scientific Contribution Award, 1967.
1925 — Stanley Moldawsky was born. Moldawsky has been a forceful advocate for professional psychology licensure standards, freedom of choice laws, and professional schools of psychology. He helped found the Graduate School of Applied and Professional Psychology at Rutgers University (1974). APA Distinguished Professional Contributions Award, 1988.
1932 — Walter Kintsch was born. Kintsch's studies of text comprehension and memory have led to the construction-integration model of discourse comprehension. The model describes the cognitive architecture of symbolic comprehension. APA Distinguished Scientific Contributions Award, 1992.
1974 — The U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare published the final form of its strengthened standards for the protection of human participants in the Federal Register. Special provisions were made for participants with limited ability to give informed consent: children, prisoners, and mental patients.
1974 — The first meeting of the Council of the National Register of Health Service Providers in Psychology began. The first national register was published on July 15, 1975.
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