1848 — The American Association for the Advancement of Science was founded by a constitution committee of members of the American Association of Geologists and Naturalists. Mathematician-astronomer Henry D. Rogers chaired the committee.
1857 — Hendrick Zwaardemaker was born. Zwaardemaker studied hearing and the sounds of speech, but did his most important work on the sense of smell. He developed several apparatuses for controlled experiments, searching unsuccessfully for the nature of that which makes substances odorous. He proposed a scheme of nine basic odors.
1897 — Margaret Schoenberger Mahler was born. Mahler's work focused on observation, diagnosis, and psychoanalytic treatment of psychotic children.
1904 — G. Stanley Hall's most influential book, Adolescence, was published.
1906 — Leona E. Tyler was born. Tyler's The Psychology of Human Differences (1947) and The Work of the Counselor (1953) are significant works that reflect her principal teaching, research, and theoretical interests. APA President, 1973; American Psychological Foundation Gold Medal Award for Life Contribution by a Psychologist in the Public Interest, 1990.
1909 — Robert I. Watson was born. Watson was a historian of psychology whose The Great Psychologists: From Aristotle to Freud (1963) was a primary text for many years. Watson was instrumental in founding APA's Division 26 (History of Psychology), the Archives of the History of American Psychology, the historical organization Cheiron, and the Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences.
1917 — Alvin M. Liberman was born. Liberman pioneered the study of acoustic and physiological bases of speech production and perception. APA Distinguished Scientific Contribution Award, 1980.
1929 — The constitution of Psi Chi, the national honor society in psychology, was presented at the third meeting of its organizing committee, held at the Midwestern Psychological Association meeting in Urbana, Illinois. The first two meetings were in May and December of 1928. Psi Chi was officially founded with the formal adoption of its constitution on September 4, 1929.
1933 — The Nazis burned thousands of books by Jewish authors, including Sigmund Freud, in the streets of Berlin.
1950 — The National Science Foundation was created by Public Law 81-507, the National Science Foundation Act of 1950. President Truman signed the bill into law shortly before 6:00 a.m. in a train car in Pocatello, Idaho.
1960 — In a letter to Anthony Sutich, Abraham Maslow suggested the name for the Journal of Humanistic Psychology. The proposed title up to this time had been the Journal of Self Psychology.
1961 — In a paper delivered to the American Psychiatric Association meeting in St. Louis, Peter Lindstrom reported significant success in treating severely disturbed patients with mental illness by means of ultrasound applications to the brain.
1968 — The petition to create APA Division 31 (State Psychological Association Affairs) was submitted. Allen Williams was instrumental in forming the division.
Choose Another Day
How to Cite This Page in APA Style