1857 — Julius Wagner von Jauregg was born. Wagner von Jauregg won the Nobel prize in 1927 for his work in psychiatry, becoming the first psychiatrist so honored. He discovered that the fever accompanying malaria causes improvement in syphilitic psychosis and injected mental patients with the malaria parasite.
1897 — Joy Paul Guilford was born. Guilford's contributions were in the areas of quantitative methods in sensation, personality, psychophysics, and attention. APA President, 1950; APA Distinguished Scientific Contribution Award, 1964; American Psychological Foundation Gold Medal, 1983.
1914 — John T. Wilson was born. Wilson, an experimental psychologist, was the first director of National Science Foundation (NSF) programs in psychobiology, founded the NSF Program Analysis Office to assess national programs in science, and later directed the NSF Division of Biological and Medical Sciences. He won the first Distinguished Service Award ever given by the NSF.
1937 — Under the title, "Psychology Journal Out," the New York Times announced the publication of the first issue of the Journal of Consulting Psychology, published by the Association of Consulting Psychologists. The journal's first article was written by James McKeen Cattell.
1955 — A federal commission headed by former president Herbert Hoover reported that over 50% of the 1,500,000 hospital beds in the U.S. were devoted to the care of people with mental illness, making mental illness the "greatest single" U.S. health problem.
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