1692 — Sarah Osborne, Sarah Good, and Tituba, a slave woman, were arrested in Salem Township (now Danvers), Massachusetts, charged with inflicting suffering on four girls through the use of witchcraft. Accusations of witchcraft spread and 20 accused witches were eventually executed between June 10 and September 22, 1692. The Salem witchcraft trials have been the subject of commentary by abnormal and social psychologists.
1916 — Maria Montessori was awarded a U.S. patent for her "cut out geometrical figures for didactical purposes." The figures demonstrated the concept of division of wholes into smaller components.
1936 — Two days after the death of Ivan Pavlov, the Soviet government preserved his memory by ordering a monument to be erected in Leningrad (St. Petersburg), renaming the First Leningrad Medical Institute "The Pavlov Institute," maintaining his laboratory as a museum, preserving his brain, granting a pension to his widow, and publishing his collected works in four languages.
1960 — The Time magazine issue for this date reported "headway on long-neglected mental health programs." Data showed a decline in the U.S. rate of institutionalized mental patients from 335.7 to 319.3 per 100,000 from 1956 to 1958.
1988 — The Newsweek magazine issue for this date reported the research of Richard Haier relating intelligence to neural activity in the brain as measured by positron emission tomography (PET) scans.
1988 — The APA Monitor announced publication of the first issue of Science Agenda, the newsletter of the APA Science Directorate.
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