1800 — James Norris, an American Marine, was admitted to Bethlem Hospital, London's famous "Bedlam." Norris's violent behavior resulted his being restrained in 1804 by a permanent iron harness, collar, and chain that prevented him from moving farther than a standing posture next to his bed. Norris was discovered in this condition in 1814. Public outcry over the Norris case brought about official inquiry and the reforms of the Madhouse Act of 1828.
1844 — Granville Stanley Hall was born. Hall founded the American Journal of Psychology (1887) and Pedagogical Seminary (1891), later titled the Journal of Genetic Psychology. In 1892, Hall called the founding meeting of the APA. Hall's research interest was child development, which he took to be an analog of human evolution. APA President, 1892 and 1924.
1924 — Jum Clarence Nunnally was born. Nunnally's book Psychometric Theory (1967) was chosen as a "citation classic by the journal Current Contents in 1979 and is representative of his excellence as a psychometrician. His other interests were in data analysis, attitudes toward mental health, factor analysis, psycholinguistics, and psychotherapy.
1928 — B. F. Skinner published his first book on this date. It was a digest of anthracite coal mine arbitration in Pennsylvania.
1928 — K. Warner Schaie was born. Schaie's interests in developmental psychology extend across all ages. Studies of the effectiveness of Head Start, longitudinal studies of intellectual development in adults, and training programs to reverse intellectual decline in aging persons represent his life span orientation. APA Distinguished Scientific Contributions Award, 1992.
1953 — The Human Resources Research Office (HumRRO) published its first technical report, "A Psychological Study of Troop Reactions to an Atomic Explosion."
1967 — Robert Rescorla's article "Pavlovian Conditioning and its Proper Control Procedures" was published in Psychological Review. By 1983, this article had been cited over 405 times and was featured as a "citation classic" by the journal Current Contents.
1968 — The petition to create APA Division 30 (Psychological Hypnosis) was submitted. Adel Mahran organized the petition drive.
1985 — The APA Council of Representatives approved the "Criteria for Designation of Doctoral Programs in Psychology" developed by the APA, the American Association of State Psychology Boards, and the National Register of Health Service Providers in Psychology.
1990 — John M. Digman's article "Personality Structures: Emergence of the Five-Factor Model" was published in Annual Review of Psychology. The article was frequently cited in other publications soon after its publication.
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