1866 — Carl Emil Seashore was born. Seashore founded the second psychological clinic in the United States and helped to found the Iowa Child Welfare Research Station. His studies centered on educational psychology and the psychology of music and art. Seashore's true family name was Sjostrand, which means seashore in Swedish. APA President, 1911.
1879 — Julia Bell was born. Bell conducted some of the first systematic studies of familial diseases, including color blindness and hemophilia. One familial disease, X chromosome-linked mental retardation, or Martin-Bell syndrome, is named for her.
1899 — The American Social Science Association was incorporated. The organization was a forerunner of the National Institute of Social Science, created in 1926.
1902 — Andrew Carnegie endowed the Carnegie Institution with 10 million dollars of U.S. Steel stock. The Carnegie Institution was founded to support scientific research, including psychological studies. A committee headed by James Mark Baldwin was formed to recommend worthy psychological projects. Baldwin filed his first report on October 31, 1902.
1927 — Boris Fiodorovich Lomov was born. Lomov was the major organizer of postwar Soviet psychology. His research specialty was engineering psychology. Lomov's works were more frequently cited by Soviet authors from 1979 to 1989 than any other author's. He was director of the Institute of Psychology within the Academy of Sciences, USSR, from 1972 until his death in 1989.
1932 — Florence L. Denmark was born. Denmark has been a leader in research and teaching of the psychology of women and was a founder of APA Division 35 (Psychology of Women). APA President, 1980; APA Award for Distinguished Contributions to Education and Training in Psychology, 1987; APA Award for Distinguished Contribution to Psychology in the Public Interest, 1992.
1955 — Charles Osgood and Percy Tannenbaum's article "The Principle of Congruity in the Prediction of Attitude Change" was published in Psychological Review. The article described a social psychological theory of attitude balance and change.
1966 — Richard F. Thompson and William A. Spencer's article "Habituation: A Model Phenomenon for the Study of Neuronal Substrates of Behavior" was published in Psychological Review. In 1979, this article was featured as a "citation classic" by the journal Current Contents.
1966 — The petition to create APA Division 27 (Community Psychology) was submitted. Robert Reiff promoted the formation of the division.
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