The seam is the basic building technique of the costume
technician. It is the process of sewing two pieces of fabric
together to create a larger piece of fabric with a new shape. The
line on which the seaming is done is called the seam line.
PLAIN SEAM - LAPPED APPLICATION
There are certain construction details for which the LAPPED APPLICATION of the plain seam is faster and/or produces better results. It is most useful is seaming yokes to pieces that have added fullness or for seaming pieces with angled corners.
FLAT FELL SEAM
The flat fell seam is a very durable seam that provides it's own seam finish. It is time consuming to produce and so it is used only in situations in which its strength and durability are worth the time it takes to produce. It is most often used in work and sport clothing. Most jeans have a variation of the flat fell seam call a welt seam. Men's shirts and pajamas are also garments in which the flat fell seam is used.
The French seam is another seam that is very durable and produces it's own seam finish. It is often used in clothing that is constructed from lightweight or sheer fabrics where both sides of the fabric may be visible. The French seam is time consuming to produce and so it is reserved for fabrics and garments that require its clean finished look. Chiffon, lace organdy, and metallic fabrics are often sewn with French seams, as are drapes and many other household linens.
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