Chapt 19 - Common Terms
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Table of Contents ] Chapt 1 - Fabric ] Chapt 2 - Tools and Equipment ] Chapt 3 - The Sewing Machine ] Chapt 4 - Patterns ] Chapt 5 - Pressing ] Chapt 6 - Marking The Fabric ] Chapt 7 - Preparing to Begin ] Chapt 8 - Seams ] Chapt 9 - Seam Finishes ] Chapt 10 - Stabilization ] Chapt 11 - Control of Fullness ] Chapt 12 - Finishing Edges ] Chapt 13 - Hand Sewing ] Chapt 14 - Closures ] Chapt 15 - Body Measurements ] Chapt 16 - Ease In Clothing ] Chapt 17 - Pattern Alterations ] Chapt 18 - Finished Dimensions ] [ Chapt 19 - Common Terms ] Chapt 20 - Common Costume Fabrics ] Index of Sewing Exercises ]

bulletApplique: Motif applied by hand or machine to fabric or garment.
bulletArmseye: Armhole, opening for a sleeve.
bulletAsymmetrical: One sided, not geometrically balanced.
bulletBias: Diagonal direction of fabric or trim. True bias is at a 45 degree angle to the grainlines.
bulletBinding: Strip encasing edges as finish or trim.
bulletBlock: Another name for a sloper or basic pattern.
bulletBodice: Portion of the garment above the waistline
bulletBolt: Unit in which fabric is packaged and sold. Usually contains 20-30 meters.
bulletBones: Metal, plastic, or whalebone strips used to stiffen the seams and edges of a garment.
bulletCasing: Self fabric or applied tunnel through which a tie, tape, or elastic can be run to draw fabric up to a specific measurement.
bulletColorfast: Refers to fabric that will not fade or run when laundered or dry cleaned.
bulletCrock: Process of dye flaking off the surface of a fabric during the cutting, construction or pressing process.
bulletDraft: The process by which a custom pattern is created from a design and a set of measurements or sloper.
bulletFinish: Any means of completing a raw garment edge.
bulletGarni: Trimmed, garnished.
bulletHaute Couture (oh-koo-tur): High fashion, creative fashion design.
bulletLap: Any edge which extends over another garment edge, as in a placket.
bulletLayout: Cutting charts found on commercial patterns which show one way the pattern may be placed on the fabric for proper cutting.
bulletLine: Style, outline, or effect given by cut and construction of a garment.
bulletMannequin: Dress forms or dummy.
bulletMiter: Diagonal seaming at corners.
bulletNotions: Items other than fabric and pattern necessary to complete the garment, i.e. buttons, zippers, trim.
bulletPad Out: To change a standard size dress form to a specific body size through the use of muslin strips.
bulletPassementerie (pahs-mahn-tree): Trimming, particularly embroidery or edgings applied in a random, floral, or geometric pattern.
bulletPiece: small pieces of fabric together to form a large piece of fabric before cutting out a garment.
bulletPiece goods: Fabric sold in fixed lengths or by the yard/meter.
bulletPin basting: Pinning seams before sewing.
bulletPlate: See rendering.
bulletPre-shrink: Contracting the fabric and removing excess sizing before cutting and construction.
bulletRemnant: Unused or unsold piece of fabric or trim.
bulletRendering: A color drawing/painting of garment or costume.
bulletRip: Removing stitches placed improperly; also tearing the fabric along grainlines.
bulletSelvage: Lengthwise finished edges on all woven fabrics.
bulletShell: A muslin fitting garment that is machine basted together for a preliminary fitting on the wearer.
bulletShrinking: Contracting fabric with steam or water to eliminate excess in certain areas.
bulletSilhouette: Outline or contour of figure or garment.
bulletSloper: A basic pattern in a range of standard sizes or custom sizes used as a basis for pattern making.
bulletStay: Bone or other means of maintaining the shape of a garment area.
bulletStitch in the ditch: A line of machine stitching placed directly in the small indentation that occurs when two pieces of fabric have been sewn together.
bulletTailoring: Construction technique that requires special hand and pressing techniques to mold fabric into finished garment shape.
bulletTopstitching: Line of machine stitching parallel to seam or edge, done from the right side of the garment. Topstitching can be decorative or used for added stability.
bulletYardage block: Guide on the back of commercial pattern envelopes which includes garment description, measurements, yardages, notions, etc.

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