Europe & the U.S. - 19th Century
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XIII. Theatre in Europe & the U.S. During Early 19th Century

In the early 19th century, a large theatrical movement known as Romanticism began in Germany. August Wilhelm Schlegel was a German Romantic writer who considered Shakespeare one of the greatest dramatists and translated seventeen of his plays. Another big fan of Shakespeare was Ludwig Tieck who was responsible for familiarizing Germans with the works of Shakespeare. One of Tieck's famous tragedies was the play Kaiser Octaveous.

Other German playwrights of the early nineteenth century were writers such as Henrich von Kleist who was known as the best playwright of the time, Christian Grabbe who wrote Don Jaun and Faust, Franz Grillparzer who was considered Austria's first serious playwright, and Georg Buchner who wrote Danton's Death and Leoce & Lena.

In England, the Romantic movement was fueled by the impressive works of Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Henry James Byron, Percy Bysshe Shelley , and John Keats . With plays such as Remorse by Coleridge, Marino Fanceiro by Byron, and The Cinci by Shelley, England became a strong player in making popular the notion of Romanticism. Another English actor, dramatist, and writer was James Sheridan Knowles who gained popularity with Virginius and confirmed his place in theatre history with the popular play William Tell.

In France, the popular novelist Victor Hugo wrote the play Hernani which was produced in 1830 at the Comedie Francais. The Moor of Venice was a play written by Alfred de Vigny and was an adaptation of Othello. Henri III and his Court and Christine were written by Alexandre Dumas pere and were other very popular plays at the time. The French Romantic Alfred de Musset wrote A Venician Night and No Trifling with Love.

Links to Chapter 13

Samuel Taylor Coleridge

Percy Bysshe Shelley

John Keats

Victor Hugo

Alfred de Musset

W.ild W.onderful W.orld of Theatre History

The purpose of this project is to show the highlights of different periods of theatre history, including plays, acting styles, staging convention, costuming, and playwrights. Web links have been provided so that students can find additional information on items of interest.

 

Origins of Theatre ] Theatre and Drama in Ancient Greece ] Roman and Byzantine Theatre and Drama ] European Drama in the Middle Ages ] Italian Theatre and Drama ] English Theatre Middle Ages to 1642 ] Spanish Theatre to 1700 ] Theatre in France--1500-1700 ] Theatre of the Orient ] English Theatre, 1642-1800 ] Italy and France - 18th Century ] Northern and Eastern Europe - 18th Century ] Europe & the U.S. - 19th Century ] Europe and the U.S. - Late 19th Century ] Modern Theatre, 1875-1915 ] Europe/ U.S. Between the Wars ] Europe and the U.S., 1940-68 ] Drama After 1968 ]

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