|PerpendulaPearls and other
precious materials hanging down from the crown on the
side of the head seen primarily hanging by the ears. Often confused
very elaborate, oblong decoration embroidered in red
and gold on the back and front of the imperial
Byzantine mantle. For other high officials it varied
in color. Protects fabric from excessive wear.
was like the late Roman tunica manicata, the sleeves
in one with the garment, or pieced on with a straight
seam. The neckline was high and slit down a little
distance to admit the head. The length of the tunic
varied from a little below the knees to the instep.
Diptych TogaThis is the official
costume for consuls as late as the sixth century. The
toga was made of richly brocaded, stiff material so
that its draping was very stiff and formal quite
unlike the real toga, yet holds similar status.
A semi-circular cape that is embroidered or brocaded
and fastened across the chest by a wide ornamental
band. This is sewn to one edge and is hooked or
pinned by a jeweled morse to the other. A liturgical
vestment of the later Catholic Church and as a choir
vestment of some Anglican churches.
shaped kerchief for the head. Comes in various
lengths from shoulder to floor
garment worn by men and women, it originate about
1130 in the East and was brought to Europe at the end
of the First Crusade. As worn by the upper classes at
the end of the twelfth century it consisted of a
snug-fitting torso, often wide embroidered sleeves, a
low skirt pulled into elegant pleats across the hip,
and snug lacing up the back under each arm. It was
one of the first garments to depend on fit as well as
square piece of fabric tied around the body as a wrap
and related to the himation.
long tunic with the sleeve cut in one piece with the
garment. The length varied from the calf to the
loose, lightweight garment originally worn by the
Crusader over his armor as a protection against the
sun. It soon became and over-tunic worn over the
cote, sometimes unseamed, sometimes sleeveless,
sometimes with wide open sleeves like a dalmatic. It
could be belted or unbelted, and the length varied
from knee to the ankle.
worn around the woman's waist that a house-hold
items, such as scissors or keys, were attached.
first mitres were only low caps, with the points at
the sides instead of front and back. By the end of
the tenth century the low mitre was customary and
worn, as the mitre is now, by a bishop as part of his
CrownA crown with a decorative and
pointed upper edgedecorations were commonly
leaf or scallop patterns.
for tunic. Usually female garment, long sleeve fit at
waist and full bottom at the floor.
undergarment with long sleeves that showed beneath
the sleeves and some lower necklines of the outer
garment for women. Men also wore it underneath their
tunics and could be seen at the collar or sleeves of