Egyptian
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DATES: 4000 - 30 B.C.E.
bulletPre-History 4000 -3400 BCE
bulletThinite 3400 - 2980 BCE
bulletOld Kingdom 2950 - 2169 BCE
bulletMiddle Kingdom 2160 - 1580 BCE
bulletSaite 1090 - 30 BCE

PRIMARY SOURCES:

Statues, wall hangings, tombs, funerary tablets, mummy-cases, garments.


A detail from part of a large corselet found amongst furniture in Tutankhamun's tomb. Composed of gold, glass paste, ivory and carnelian. The god Amun-Re receives Tutankhamun.

SECONDARY SOURCES:

bulletEveryday Life In Egypt - Montlet
bulletEternal Egypt - Montlet
bulletArt of Ancient Egypt- Michalowski
bulletDaily Life in Ancient Egypt - Semeh
bulletWhen Egypt ruled the East - Steindorf & Steele
bulletAncient Egypt - Desroche
bulletThe Art of Ancient Egypt - Ranke
bulletAncient Egypt Art - Abbate
bulletTreasures of the Pharaohs - Skira

PLAYS:

bulletAnthony and Cleopatra - Shakespeare
bulletCaesar and Cleopatra - Shaw
bulletSalome – Wilde
Egyptian Costume

The Egyptian clothed figure exhibits two typical figures. The first is an extreme scantiness of simple, undraped garments that reveal the figure even when the garment covers the whole body. Egyptians concentrated on draping material across the body and center they folds on the front of the body. When they did this it would show the out line of the back.

Egyptian garments are always simple in their construction and cut. The major changes that the garments went through as time passed on and the Empire took control was that they were more ample in their material. This gave the them more cloth to drape gracefully across the body. The clothes of men and women were fundamentally alike.

Men wore little clothes, however clothing in the Egyptian period was influenced by two things: the first the position of the wearer and then the second its adaptation to the convince of the wearer. Men wore their hair In a Bob or thick and abundant in a long style. They wore headdresses and fillets that wrapped around their curly locks of hair. Women wore fillets and headdresses too. Their tunics were like the men's but belted higher and the clothing was short-waisted with the material confined to the breast and radiated from them.

Notable Crinoline Costume Elements

Schenti - a loincloth; a rectangular piece tied in front in a knot and made of linen.   l3.gif (218280 bytes) tomb.jpg (61110 bytes)
Shendoh—Loin cloth for the Pharaoh. menna&family.jpg (97218 bytes)
Kalisiris - Gown like wrap often from under the bust some-times transparent Fig10Egypt.JPG (75584 bytes) dynasty19.jpg (32610 bytes) tomb.jpg (61110 bytes)

Pectoral—A trapezoidal-shaped piece of decorative metal and gemstones worn about the neck by nobility.

Khat/klaft—A kerchief, usually striped horizontally, which wrapped around the front of the head and fastened at the back of the neck, usually striped horizontally. Later it was cut away so that it fit over the shoulders and was decorated heavily with beads.

 

l9.gif (264322 bytes) mask.jpg (9188 bytes)

Postiche—False beard, made of leather, felt, or metal. Reserved for the Pharaoh.

mask.jpg (9188 bytes) tut-mask.jpg (18882 bytes) Bom50032.jpg (16843 bytes)

Fillet—A piece of metal,  leather or ribbon that wrapped around the head to hold the hair in place. It was worn as a headpiece by men and women.

Bom50032.jpg (16843 bytes) rahotep_n.jpg (10047 bytes)

Girdle—A piece of leather, ribbon or fabric that would wrap around the body at the waist or the hips to smooth out the clothing of the wearer and to create folds that were popular to wear.

Kohl—A black cosmetic substance, comprised of ground Galena (a black mineral) sulphur and animal fat ,used in Egyptian makeup for the eyes and eyebrows.  It was know to have alleviated eye inflammations and protected the eyes from the sun

dynasty19.jpg (32610 bytes)

Henna—Hand and nail dye, from a shrub or tree whose leaves gave a red-orange dye.

bullethttp://www.us.sis.gov.eg/online/html/o200898a.htm

nighthowl-9736.jpg (18865 bytes)

Red Crown—The crown worn by the Pharaoh of lower Egypt.  It is in the shape of a chair with a coil protruding from the front.

White Crown—The crown of upper Egypt.

bullethttp://www.civilization.ca/civil/egypt/egcgov5e.html 

  phar_papy2.jpg (30618 bytes) osi.jpg (44801 bytes)

Pschent—The red crown of lower Egypt, worn on the white crown when the two kingdoms of Egypt were united.

border.gif (99527 bytes)

Useful Web sites with more Egyptian fashion information
bullet

Mysteries of Egypt: Daily life - Clothing and Adornment 

bullet "Lifestyles of Ancient Egyptians" -http://personaldividends.com/lifestyles-of-ancient-egyptians

 

Updated Summer of 2002 by
CWU FCS-Fashion Major
Mami Nonomura

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