Hilary R Cox, Internship Log (Selected Items)

Monday June 18, 2001 ( Start Date)
Toured office with Anna to see where everything was and how to access the locks.

Spent time in the field with Anna and Karen removing moisture meters in several fields, and tagging others so that farmers can cut the hay fields without running over equipment. (Timothy Hay Fields) Learned what type of moisture meters KCCD is using in the area. They meter record water content in soil to help farmer regulate irrigation practices. This also helps conserve water use. We (interns) will be monitoring these sites once a week for the rest of the summer. We drove out to all of the locations that KCCD has their Small Ranch Manuals and refilled supplies. They have them in all areas of the valley.

Wednesday 20, 2001
Finished office work. Went with David Chain to check on CRP land parcels. We counted presence of key plant species in a 100 ft line. Talked to farmer Jim about progress and future needs. Documented findings.
Toured the Teanaway Irrigation project. Listened to detailed explanation of projects need and outcomes of project so far.
Studied irrigation techniques used in the valley and participated in a Q& A session with David Chain.

Friday 22, 2001
Started working on making contours of the valley. We thought that the DRGs were in NAD 83 zone 10, but they wouldnít meet up. There was an ~800ft error in a southeast direction. I used the projection wizard to re-project the data, but it did not help.

Monday June 25, 2001
Examined DRGís and derived contours on the East Kittitas DEM (10 meter)

We took a DEM and derived contours using 3.05 as the contour interval. We use 3.05 because we needed the contours in feet and the data are in meters. ( 3.05 * 3.28 [feet/meter] = 10.004) This was used to make 10ft contour layers. The contours were then converted from grid to a shapefile so that we can use them in our maps. The shapefiles are then projected using the projection utility. The datum currently in is NAD 27 CON. Do not change this. Just tell the projection utility window what it is projected in. If you are not sure what it is projected in do the following.

Tuesday June 26, 2001
--Review of ESRIís self training CD for reference material (KCCD)

Wednesday June 27, 2001
Created table for tracking tasks (GIS and other) that need to be completed

Went out into field and collected water data

Cleaned and took inventory of all field equipment and re-shelved it.

Main Equipment Used

Thursday June 28, 2001 --New Xtools Notes
Convert .shp to Centroids
This puts points in center of polygons. This uses theme properties to show different attribute intensities. ( population, acres of farm tract)
Convert .shp to Graphic
This creates basic graphic of input theme. ( I donít have any solid uses for this except map making)
Convert polygon to polylines
Make one polygon from points
This uses points and makes outline and then turns them into a polygon. I see this being very useful for GPS points.
Convert mulipart .shp to single part .shp
Allows mulipart file to be separated. This is good when you want to only see the acreage in Upper Peninsula of Michigan, not the acreage of both lower and upper Michigan. Ex.- Alaska can be separated into individual parts. We could then ID the islands separately from the mainland.
Using the å button with Xtools
If you hit the å button it will tell you the specs on that polygon. You can select multiple polygons and hit the å button and it will sum them. Ex.- highlight all growing crops of a specific type, and then hit the button. This will show the total amount of that crop in the valley. (Acres)

If you draw a line in your view and then go to xtools and click on acres, hectares etc. button on the drop down menu it will add length to that themes table. Once you have length you can use the buffer feature of the xtools-using buffer by field option. This will create a buffer around your line the width of your line. ( I would like to learn more uses for this feature.) You can also buffer around any polygon or point in your view using this tool you just use the buffer by distance option.

Friday June 29, 2001
Worked within ArcInfo to find a more accurate way to make contours for the valley.

Monday July 2, 2001
Made contours of North Ellensburg Quadrangle using new process.

Tuesday July 3, 2001
Made contour maps of the valley for a landowner. The contours were off so I had to back track and see what the problem was. I forgot that they were not in NAD 83, they are all in NAD 27.

Thursday July 5, 2001
I made farm plan maps for several landowners. This included finding the DOQs, DEMs, DLQs and shape files for their given area. I tagged all of the different soil types and measured acreage of all. I mapped individual fields and made 3 layouts for each. 1. Farm Plan map = tracts, field boundaries, major roads 2. Contour map = contours in 10 foot increments, tracts 3. Soils Map= tracts, soils, soil profiles, custom ledged. I created templates for the 3 types of maps we offer to landowners. I wrote a letter for Nicole to the tech guy at Regional Ecosystems Office web site (the reo.gov site) asking for more information on DEMs ( 10 meter). Tacked up some maps for Nicole.

Friday July 6, 2001
Nicole ran a training session for all three interns on the mapping standards and procedures of farm mapping for landowners in the valley. Made a few different kinds of maps. Read Nicoleís updated advanced training manual for her training sessions. Made notes on questions we had.

Monday July 9, 2001
Made Instructions for :

Making contours of the quadrangles for the Kittitas Valley

  1. Open project
  2. Add DEM d:/data/quads/(name of Dem desired)
  3. Make DEM active
  4. Go to Analysis dropdown menu
  5. Click on Map calculator
  6. Type in this expression by double clicking the following DEM * 3.28
  7. Then click Evaluate
  8. This will add another DEM to the main view called "Map Calculation 1"
  9. This is the DEM in feet instead of meters
  10. Make the new theme active
  11. Go to the Surface dropdown menu and click "Derive Contours"
  12. The Contour Parameters dialogue box will pop up
  13. Type in "10" for the Contour interval, and .5 for the Base contour.
  14. Your contour shapefile will appear in the main view. (Its slow so be patient)
  15. Go to the Analysis drop down menu and Convert to shapefile
  16. Go to the File drop down menu and click Arc View Projection Utility
  17. Step 1: Grab your shapefile click next
  18. Step 2: Click the radio button for Projected Data
  19. Choose NAD27 UTM Zone 10N
  20. Say No for "Would you like to save the projection"
  21. Step 3: Hit Browse and go to the D:/ data/contours
  22. Name the shapefile with this format (DEMname)cont10.shp
  23. Hit next
  24. Hit finish
  25. It takes a really long time to process; wait for the dialog box to say finished.
Sorted and copied the GIS US surveys
Read the revised GIS Training Manual

Tuesday July 10, 2001
Went with Nicole to Zillah to learn how to train someone on advanced GIS for Conservation Districts. Very Informative!!!!!

Wednesday July 11, 2001
To calculate acres of specific soil type within the field boundary lines:

Made several soil maps for NRCS, and learned how to network computers in the office. Tried to trouble shoot printing problems.

Thursday July 12, 2001
Made worksheet for future interns for making contours of valley

Making contours of the quadrangles for the Kittitas Valley

Finished all of farm plan maps and tried to print out soils reports. Started making contours of quads.

Friday July 13, 2001
Created a new NRCS cropland/rangeland designation map of Kittitas Valley. I used a soils coverage to select out the soil types that Herman Gentry (retired county soil scientist) had chosen as prime cropland, statewide cropland, unique cropland, local improved cropland, local improved rangeland and forestland. I had to digitize in the unique and the rangeland outer boundary. I will be sitting down with Herman when he has time to come in and talk with me to get a more precise description of rangeland and unique.

I enjoyed making this map because I got to work on it all by myself, and when it is done it will be used in the future by the NRCS. I am really enjoying my internship. Everybody has been nice and very encouraging.

Monday July 16, 2001
Measured the Water Sampling sites.

We are checking for water temperature where the runoff water from farm tracts flows back into the canals, streams and ditches. The reason for this is so that the farmers have proof that their irrigation is not contributing to the temperature rise in the valleys waterways. The temperature rise is important because of the fish habitat issue. Fish have a optimum temperature (18 C) that they live in not to mention the health of the biota in the streams. There are 7 spots along the waterways that are being monitored. The sensors are in watertight plastic capsule. These capsules are put into what I call crawdad cages, and immersed in the waterway. We have a transporting device for the data so that we can put the loggers directly back into the waterway without interruption in the data record. The hardware we used : HOBO Shuttle (ANSET Computer Corp.)

Tuesday July 17, 2001
Today I learned how to use the software that goes with the WatchDog sensors that KCCD uses to monitor moisture and temperatures in the soils of farm fields. It is a new technology that the KCCD is going to show the farmers this year. All of the sites that we monitor are going to be used as example sites. The software we use is: Specware; the hardware is:
WatchDog dataloggers (Spectrum Technologies, Inc.)
Model #ís 200, 225 ,250, 425, 450
"It allows us to record and visually monitor environmental conditions at remote sites. " (WD operation manual)

Thursday July 19, 2001
Today I met with Herman Gentry (retired soil scientist) . We went over his data and the state requirements for determination of State Important Croplands, Local Important Croplands and Unique Important Croplands. This information allowed me to make more accurate analysis of the soils and irrigation methods of the valley. He also let me copy the requirements for these. I will show them to you because they are too long to type out. This was a really good meeting. He told me a lot about the soils of the valley. He also asked me for a copy of the project for him self and the county agencies when I was done. This was a pretty cool thing to me. People will use my map. Soooo coool!!!!!

Friday July 20, 2001
Nicole was at training yesterday and today down at the city planning building. I made a CREP map for the valley. "Conservation Reserve Enhancement Program " is a joint partnership between the State of Washington and USDA, and is administered by the Washington State Conservation Commission and the Farm Services Agency. The agreement was signed in 1998 and provides incentives to restore and improve salmon and steelhead habitat on private land." (CREP handout)

This program pays landowners "rent" and pays for the cost of planting vegetation in a buffer along streams and creeks. Its main purpose is to provide shade along streams and lower water temperatures. The buffer is also there to filter a small amount of substance out of the ground before it leaches into the waterway. The landowners enroll land for a minimum of 10 years and maximum of 15 years. This contract continues if the property is sold, but if the landowner dies the heirs can cancel the contract if they wish. The program rent is based on acres. The acres are determined by adding up the area of the buffer along the waterway. The buffer is determined by the maximum height of the designated tree/shrub. 75% of that height, so a cottonwood trees max is 100 ft. This would make the buffer width 75 ft. It changes for different areas.

The CREP maps that I made are hanging here at the KCCD and at Dustyís Nursery on Mt. View.

Monday July 23, 2001
I made a watershed map using the Basin 1 extension that Nancy sent us. The water flow map was to show that a mink farm owners pond was responsible for the pooling up of waste near a county road. These maps are important in the negotiations because of a number of complaints over the last 5 years.

Tuesday July 24, 2001
Today I went to an Imaging seminar with Nicole in Bellevue. I was really interesting to see all the different types of imaging that are available. The most interesting to me was the LIDAR. The man that presented was the vise president of the company. He showed us all kinds of uses for the LIDAR imaging. I would love to play around with some in a GIS.

Wednesday July 25, 2001
I started the spreadsheet for contact records for all farm plan map requests--just data entry for the most part. I have learned that data entry is not my favorite part of the GIS experience. It really needed to be done, but it makes for a very long day.

Thursday July 26, 2001
I did a web search for annual precipitation data. I am going to make a precip map for NRCS. They are currently using a map that is ripped and old. Its interpolated intermediate lines are drawn in with a crayon.

Friday July 27, 2001
Updated my weekly log. I finished another watershed and flow path map for Allen Aronica for a new farm tract needing an irrigation plan. He wanted the flow and watershed shape files to be on a DEM with a hillshade. He needs his maps at a 1:7920 scale-- the standard scale for all NRCS maps. I can easily set the scale to user specified in the view properties box in my layout, but the parcel was so big that the map needed to be printed out on the plotter. Nicole showed me how to install the Arc Press extension and how to print using it because the DEM raster coverages takes up too much space. I now know that if you use the print button the memory of your printer is used, and if you use Arc Press, the memory of the system is used. Good to know.

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