Teaching and Coaching Technique--Organizational Tips
I. BE ORGANIZED
A. Have a written outline for any organized practice, share/post it when
appropriate/possible ahead of time.
B. Know where, when, how long, how hard/easy, etc..
C. Be prepared for adjustments (weather, etc.) but try not to make a habit
out of taking the easy way out.
D. Treat every second of practice/lesson time like gold.
II. KNOW YOUR AUDIENCE
A. Take into account abilities, goals, fitness/technical levels, equipment.
It is possible to under and over estimate with the same group.
B. Communicate with individuals and groups. Understand the different needs
of different ages and sub-groups. Ask questions; listen; pay attention;
III. TEACHING NEW SKILLS
A. Introduce using clear, simple language; demonstrate slowly.
B. Have group try skill; provide brief (encouraging) feedback; re-introduce;
re-demo; have them try again several times.
C. Always start and end with fundamentals. Limit focus to 1-3 key points.
D. Summarize and prepare for skiing on own.
IV. REINFORCING AND DEVELOPING SKILLS
1. Skiing without poles in easy terrain
2. Skiing very slowly (heart rate at level 1 or lower) with or without
poles emphasizing complete motions.
3. Repetition drills in easy terrain. Keep drill sessions to 10-30 minutes.
4. Modeling behind superior skiers--slowly, in easy terrain.
5. Mental focus on 1-3 points in any given session.
6. Concentrating on good technique while practicing.
7. Skiing in different situations--classic without tracks, skating on
crust, skiing in tough grooming or non-groomed situations.
8. Working on technique year-round.
9. Insist on appropriate performance clothing for ages 13 and up.
B. Feedback Techniques
1. Video--limited footage of subjects, always compare to elite footage.
2. Coaches Evaluation--careful what you say or donít say; start and end positive.
3. Educate everyone as to the value of different/opposing points of view.
V. OFF-SEASON TECHNIQUE DEVELOPMENT
-Skiing (as much as possible year-round)
-Rollerskiing (double pole/skating only, limited under 16)
-Skiwalking/Foot imitation drills
-Hill bounding/plyometrics (with or without poles)
-Running with poles(varied terrain, trails primarily)
-Circuit Strength, Balance, Coordination Drills