Eng. 102.013 English Composition II:              Lila Harper, Ph.D.

Reasoning and Research                                    LL403G, 963-1793

Fall 2011                                                               Office Hrs: MWF 2-3:00 & appt. 

MWF 12-12:50, LL358                                       E-mail: harperL@cwu.edu


 TEXTS:  Writing and Reading Across the Curriculum, 11th edition

               MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 7th ed.

                Class Packet.

Syllabus and Schedule are at <www.cwu.edu/~HarperL>

 Also needed: Manila file folder for submitting essays. Be prepared to photocopy library sources.

"Any writing requires a leap of confidence—you have to convince yourself that somebody is going to be interested in what you put down on the page—and believing that you know more about the subject than most of your readers do can work wonders for your confidence."

Calvin Trillin "Back on the Bus: Remembering the Freedom Riders" The New Yorker 25 July 2011, p. 37



Prerequisite: Eng. 101 with a grade of C- or higher or exemption from 101.


Course Description: English 102 is an intensive writing course that continues the emphasis on the clear, focused writing of Eng. 101. You should have mastered the mechanics covered in Eng. 101. In addition, we will emphasize the production of position papers that require library research and that will be documented using MLA format. As the development of writing skills is interconnected with close, critical reading, this course will focus on both critical reading and writing. Responsible, honest research practices will be stressed.


Class Policies: Students are responsible for all materials, syllabus changes, and information presented in class.  For success in this class, read the assigned reading on the calendar before coming to class. Please make use of the office hours for individual questions about paper drafts. If you know a review of writing mechanics would be helpful, plan on spending time with a tutor in the University Writing Center (ask that I be notified about your visit). Please remember, though, that no one can effectively proofread your paper for you and you are responsible for what is turned in.


Attendance: As this is a workshop-oriented class, attendance is important. Your classmates will depend on your attendance for draft workshops. Do not plan on missing more than three days (equivalent to one week of class), for this will affect your grade; attendance is essential for success in this course. In case of illness, leave a message via voice mail or e-mail letting me know you are ill. I will not pass a student who has ten or more unexcused absences (equivalent to over three weeks of class). Those who exceed six absences for any reason should not expect to receive a "C" or higher grade. Please see me if you are missing several classes. If something happens during the quarter requiring absence from campus, please contact Student Affairs and ask that your professors be informed.


Tardiness Policy: Class will begin on time. If you are more than 10 min. late, you should check with a classmate after class about what might have been missed. Please respect your classmates and do not interrupt the class and request that I repeat information. If you are more than 20 minutes late, it will count as an absence.


Papers: In this course, you will write a summary/argument synthesis response to the topic of college admission policies, one evaluation/critique paper, one analytical synthesis, one annotated bibliography and one position paper with research. All papers after the summaries will use MLA documentation and show clear relationships between writer, subject, and audience; have specific, credible, and purposeful development; use organization that supports the paper's purpose; and exhibit consistent use of standard academic English conventions. Additionally, there should be an awareness of a reading's historical and disciplinary context.

Summaries: Restate an argument in your own words. This involves designing a clear, concise thesis that reflects the original article's controlling idea and makes a claim, then organizing the summary so it supports that thesis. Mechanics are stressed.

Argument Synthesis: Perceive and relate various perspectives on a question at issue and formulate generalizations about those relationships. Analyze multiple sources, clarify logical relationships and varying perspectives and arrive at independent conclusions in response to the question at issue. Clearly document all source material, distinguishing between the multiple voices incorporated in the analysis. (3-4 pages, plus works cited page.)

Annotated Bibliography: Give an introduction to the topic of the position paper. Locate and provide evaluative annotations of at least 10 potential sources (must include non-electronic sources). Write an MLA formatted works cited entry for each.

Position Paper: Identify the logical progression of arguments, both in your own writing and in that of others. Make effective choices of word order, sentence pattern, organization of material and use of conventions. Write an argument that addresses a question at issue, develops a focused assertion based on a shared assumption, and presents documented evidence in support of a line of reasoning. Use a variety of appeals while avoiding rhetorical and logical fallacies. Integrate and address divergent views in ways that show an awareness of audience. (7-10 pages of text, plus works cited page.)


 Proofreading is expected. Once I encounter more than 10 basic writing errors, I will stop grading and hand the paper back. The entire paper must then be corrected, proofread, and returned the next class period. If only the errors I marked are corrected and there is indication that little effort has been made to respond to these errors, the paper will receive a failing grade.


I will not accept a final position paper unless you have handed in all previous paper assignments on time and in sequence or special arrangements have been made. Do not procrastinate. Last ditch efforts to turn something in at the last moment will not succeed. See me if you are having problems. Additionally, papers missing photocopies of sources and/or show a radical change in topic, style or quality from past work will also be rejected.


Page length: One double-spaced page runs 250-300 words. Use the word count option in your word processing program to determine your page length and indicate the number at the top of the paper before handing it in. Rather than trying to make the paper look longer by increasing the margin size, examine your thesis for tension, then revise, discuss, and evaluate. It may seem like I am focusing quite a bit on quantity here; however, the course does require that each student produce a certain number of pages and the page lengths listed do help you reach the expected depth in your discussion. Short papers generally result from leaving out important sections, not incorporating opposing viewpoints or coming to conclusions too quickly.


Word-processing: Final versions of papers are to be word-processed by the student on standard paper in 12-point Times font. Use manuscript format: Double-space your work, do not right justify or add spaces between paragraphs. Indent paragraphs one-half inch.  Additionally, include earlier drafts with handwritten corrections and changes. In other words, show me the process you went through to get to your final version. A careful writer never composes completely on-screen when the work is to be submitted to the public.


Once you have a good draft, email it to yourself as an attachment; email your final copy to yourself before turning the paper in. This is cheap insurance! Do not trust electronic storage. Storing copies in places other than on your computer will allow you to recreate documents if you have a real disaster. I am not responsible for "lost" papers, hard drive crashes, misplaced files, lost flash drives and/or your roommate deleting your file. Back up your work!


Late Policy: Papers are due at the end of the class hour. If your essay is not completed by class time the day it is due, do not skip class to finish it. If there are difficulties, arrangements can be made before the due date. There will be higher expectations for late papers since you had more time to work on them; this is being fair to the other class members. Expect at least one-half grade drop if the paper is more than 3 days late. Papers that are more than one week late may not be accepted. No changes in the paper topic will be allowed after the position paper proposal is submitted.


Computer Usage: Assume your computer will have problems. Locate a computer lab now that is compatible with your files. Purchase an additional printer ink cartridge--now. Be aware that spell-checkers and grammar checkers can only help with proofreading, not substitute for it.


Be aware that the Internet does not replace the library. If we have a print version of the source in the library, use it. Otherwise, you may not have the proper page numbers for in-text documentation. See instructions in your MLA Handbook and your class packet for guidance on how to document electronic sources.


I will answer questions about papers by email, but will not accept papers sent as attachments unless there has been prior approval.


Cell Phone Use: Please turn off your phone. Phones should not be used during class time.


Revisions: Rewriting papers for a higher grade is not an option—and it is really not needed in this class. I have set up the grade scale so a large portion of the grade is based on the final position paper. By that point, you will have had an opportunity to go over previous work, revise, and incorporate the material into your final paper.  I will happily help individuals with rough drafts during office hours (not just before or after class), but will not allow a rewrite after a grade has been assigned to a paper unless the paper receives a "D" or lower grade. In that case, after conference with me, a rewrite on two assigned papers will be permitted for no higher than a "C-" grade. A rewrite must show more than correcting what the instructor marked; it should show evidence of more thought and work—a "reseeing" of the topic. Revisions must be turned in within three class days after the original paper was returned. Submit the first version with the rewrite. If there is no major change in quality, the original grade stands.


Office Hour Use: When you have questions which pertain only to your particular paper, please bring them to office hour or contact me outside of class. It does a disservice to your fellow students to insist on using class time to deal with questions regarding the grading of your paper. I am also reluctant to discuss your grade in front of the entire class. Spend some time going over the marks, then set aside time to meet with me rather than trying to get help right as class starts.


ADA Policies: Students with disabilities who wish to set up academic adjustments in this class should give me a copy of their "Confirmation of Eligibility for Academic Adjustments" from the Disability Support Services Office as soon as possible so we can meet to discuss how the approved adjustments will be implemented in this class.  Students with disabilities without this form should contact the Disability Support

Services Office, Bouillon 205 or dssrecept@cwu.edu or 963-2171 immediately.


Draft Workshops: Bring in a legible copy of the paper you are working on and enough copies to share with your topic group. When you turn in your final draft, include a marked rough draft and any peer assessment sheets.


Plagiarism: This is your formal, legal warning: All papers submitted in this class must be your own work and work done in this class; all work must be correctly documented and accompanied by photocopies of sources from outside the textbook. Position papers require rough drafts (not handwritten transcripts of the typed paper or word-processed text with a few minor handwritten changes) and photocopies of all sources. The use of others' words or ideas without appropriate documentation is plagiarism, which is a violation of the Student Code of Conduct. Undocumented use of others' writing will result in a failure grade. Incorporation of others' words without use of quotation marks is a form of plagiarism. Don't take chances; we do check sources and I am very good at tracking source material. See me about any questions regarding responsible research and documentation. If plagiarism is discovered, we have the option of reporting it to Student Affairs and of assigning an "F" for the assignment or, in egregious cases, for the class. If I find clear evidence that there is a purposeful attempt to pass someone else's work off as yours, I will assign an "F" grade for the class and report the situation to Student Affairs.


Incompletes: Refer to the CWU catalog for a definition of an incomplete. The "I" grade is not a substitute for a "W" or a "HW." All work up to the final research paper must be completed and you must be passing before I can consider assigning an incomplete for the course. The reason for the incomplete should be a situation beyond the student's control. Hardship withdrawals require a petition to the Registrar office and are subject to their assessment. This must be done before the end of the quarter.


Grades: Assignments will be roughly weighed as follows. As this class is a basic skills class, the grade will largely reflect your writing skill level. Neither your high school English class grades nor your Eng. 101 class grade will necessary be predictive of your grade in this class. More is expected of your skill level here; that is why the classes are presented in a sequence. Note that much of the grade falls on the position paper but completing the previous assignments is necessary to do well on the final paper. The oral presentation cannot be made up. I must be notified in advance before I will allow a make-up quiz. See the grade summary sheet and grade breakdown information to see how the course grade will be figured.


Attendance, drafts, and oral presentation                                          10%

Summary/Argument Synthesis (Virginia Tech Shooting)                10

Annotated Bibliography                                                                      10

1 Argument Synthesis (Topic)(3-4 pp.)                                              20

Quizzes (5%), Documentation Test (5%)                                           10

Documented Position/Research Paper (7-10 pp.)                             40

(includes proposal, rough draft, and photocopies or printouts of any non-textbook sources)


Papers and grade breakdowns are available for pick-up from the Eng. Dept. office (LL 423) after Finals Week. Please do not call me for your grade. University policy forbids emailing grades. Either pick-up the paper or check Safari.


To receive a grade of "D" or better, a student must complete all assignments. A "C" or better grade must meet the minimum requirements by at least producing a mechanically clean paper. This does not mean, however, that a paper without content or thought, no matter how free of mechanical errors, will earn a passing grade.