CPA MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS - Ethics

1. Which of the following statements best describes why the profession of public accounting has deemed it essential to promulgate a CPC and to establish a mechanism for enforcing observance of the code?
a. A distinguishing mark of a profession is its acceptance of responsibility to the public.
b. A prerequisite to success is the establishment of an ethical code that stresses primarily the professional's responsibility to clients and colleagues.
c. A requirement of most state laws calls for the profession to establish a code of ethics.
d. An essential means of self-protection for the profession is the establishment of flexible ethical standards.

2. The AICPA CPC states, in part, that a CPA should maintain integrity and objectivity. Objectivity in the code refers to a CPA's ability
a. To maintain an impartial attitude on all matters which come under the CPA's review.
b. To independently distinguish between accounting practices that are acceptable and those that are not.
c. To be unyielding in all matters dealing with auditing procedures.
d. To independently choose between alternate accounting principles and auditing standards.

3. Upon discovering irregularities in a client's tax return that the client would not correct, a CPA withdraws from the engagement. How should the CPA respond if asked by the successor CPA why the relationship was terminated?
a. "It was a misunderstanding."
b. "I suggest you get the client's permission for us to discuss all matters freely."
c. "I suggest you ask the client."
d. "I found irregularities in the tax return which the client would not correct."

4. The Code of Professional Conduct derives its authority from the
a. Financial Accounting Standards Board.
b. Auditing Standards Board.
c. Bylaws of the American Institute of CPAs.
d. Securities and Exchange Commission.

5. The AICPA CPC states that a CPA shall not disclose any confidential information obtained in the course of a professional engagement except with the consent of the client. This rule precludes responding to
a. An investigative body of a state CPA society.
b. The trial board of the AICPA.
c. A CPA-shareholder of the client corporation.
d. An AICPA voluntary quality review body.

6. Pursuant to the AICPA rules of conduct, if a partner in a two-member partnership dies, the surviving partner may continue to practice as an individual under the existing firm title which includes the deceased partner's name
a. For a period of time not to exceed five years.
b. For a period of time not to exceed two years.
c. Indefinitely.
d. Until the partnership pay-out to the deceased partner's estate is terminated.

7. A CPA accepts an engagement for a professional service without violating the AICPA Code of Professional Conduct if the service involves
a. The preparation of cost projections for submission to a governmental agency as an application for a rate increase.
b. Tax preparation, and the fee will be based on whether the CPA signs the tax return prepared.
c. A litigatory matter, and the fee is not known but is to be determined by a district court.
d. Tax return preparation, and the fee is to be based on the amount of taxes saved if any.

8. A CPA's retention of client records as a means of enforcing payment of an overdue audit fee is an action that is
a. Considered acceptable by the AICPA Code of Professional Conduct.
b. Ill-advised since it would impair the CPA's independence with respect to the client.
c. Considered discreditable to the profession.
d. A violation of generally accepted auditing standards.

9. A CPA, who is a member of the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants, wrote an article for publication in a professional journal. The AICPA Code of Professional Conduct would be violated if the CPA allowed the article to state that the CPA was
a. A member of the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants.
b. A professor at a school of professional accountancy.
c. A partner in a national CPA firm.
d. none of these.

10. During the course of an audit, the client's controller asks you if you would like to spend the weekend in New York as the company's guest. How should you respond?
a. Go and enjoy yourself.
b. Explain to the client that under the AICPA Code of Professional Conduct you must maintain your independence so it will be necessary to schedule some appropriate business activities.
c. Explain that under the AICPA Code of Professional Conduct you cannot accept anything of significant value from a client.
d. Explain that under the AICPA Statement of Fair Practices that this type of activity is prohibited.

11. When a CPA is requested to perform a review engagement for a nonpublic entity in which the CPA has an immaterial financial interest, the CPA should inform management that the CPA
a. Will have to disclose the lack of independence in the review report.
b. Lacks independence and, therefore, may issue a review report, but can not issue an uditor's opinion.
c. Lacks independence and, therefore, is precluded from issuing a review report.
d. Is considered independent because the financial interest is immaterial and, therefore, the CPA can issue a review report.

12. In which of the following circumstances would a CPA who audits XM Corporation lack independence?
a. The CPA and XM's president are both on the board of directors of COD Corporation.
b. The CPA and XM's president each owns 25% of FOB Corporation, a closely held company.
c. The CPA has a home mortgage from XM, which is a savings and loan organization.
d. The CPA reduced XM's usual audit fee by 40% because XM's financial condition was unfavorable.

13. A client company has not paid its 1983 audit fees. According to the AICPA Code of Professional Conduct, for the auditor to be considered independent with respect to the 1984 audit, the 1983 audits fees must be paid before the
a. 1983 report is issued.
b. 1984 field work is started.
c. 1984 report is issued.
d. 1985 field work is started.

14. Which of the following is not a pronouncement of an authoritative body designated by the AICPA Council to establish accounting principles, pursuant to the AICPA Code of Professional Conduct?
a. AICPA Statements of Position.
b. AICPA Accounting Principles Board Opinions.
c. FASB Interpretations.
d. FASB Statements of Financial Accounting Standards.

15. Which of the following is required for a CPA partnership to designate itself "Member of the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants" on its letterhead?
a. All partners must be members.
b. The partners whose names appear in the firm name must be members.
c. At least one of the partners must be a member.
d. The firm must be a dues paying member.

16. According to the AICPA Code of Professional Conduct, may a CPA who is in partnership with non-CPAs sign a report with the firm name and below it affix the CPA's own signature with the designation "Certified Public Accountant"?
a. No, because a CPA should not form a partnership with non-CPAs.
b. No, because it would appear that all partners were associated with the report when only one actually is associated.
c. Yes, provided the non-CPA partners adhere to the professional standards concerning quality control.
d. Yes, provided it is clear that the partnership itself is not being held out as composed entirely of CPAs.

17. Which one of the following is an enforceable set of pronouncements of an authoritative body designated to establish accounting principles, according to the AICPA Code of Professional Conduct?
a. AICPA Statements on Standards for Accounting and Review Services.
b. AICPA Statements of Position.
c. FASB Interpretations.
d. FASB Statements of Financial Accounting Concepts.

18. Under which of the following circumstances would the independence of a CPA be considered impaired if the CPA, who is also an attorney, serves as auditor and provides legal services to the same client?
a. When the CPA, as legal agent, consummates a business acquisition for the client.
b. When the CPA's audit fees and legal fees are not billed separately.
c. When the CPA uses legal expertise to research a question of income tax law.
d. When the legal services consist of an analysis of the terms of a lease agreement.

19. A violation of the profession's ethical standards would most likely have occurred when a CPA
a. Purchased a bookkeeping firm's practice of monthly write-ups for a percentage of fees received over a three-year period.
b. Made arrangements with a bank to collect notes issued by a client in payment of fees due.
c. Named Smith formed a partnership with two other CPAs and used "Smith & Co." as the firm name.
d. Issued an unqualified opinion on the 1987 financial statements when fees for the 1986 audit were unpaid.

20. Without the consent of the client, a CPA should not disclose confidential client information contained in working papers to a
a. Voluntary quality control review board.
b. CPA firm that has purchased the CPA's accounting practice.
c. Federal court that has issued a valid subpoena.
d. Disciplinary body created under state statute.



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