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Registrar

2002 - 2003 Geology

Visit the http://www.cwu.edu/geology department home page.

Faculty
Chair: Charles M. Rubin
Hebeler 109

Professors:
Robert D. Bentley, Structural Geology, Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology, Regional Geology of the Pacific Northwest
James R. Hinthorne, Mineralogy, Geochemistry, Spatial Information Systems
M. Meghan Miller, Crustal Deformation, Tectonics, GPS Geodesy, Active Tectonics, Remote Sensing
Charles M. Rubin, Paleoseismology, Earthquake Hazards, Active Tectonics

Associate Professor:
Lisa L. Ely, Geomorphology, Paleohydrology, Global Climate Change, Quaternary Geology
Jeffrey Lee, Active and Regional Tectonics, Structural Geology

Assistant Professors:
Wendy A. Bohrson, Volcanology, Isotope Geochemistry, Igneous Petrology
Carey Gazis, Environmental Geochemistry, Stable Isotope Geochemistry, Hydrogeology
Timothy I. Melbourne, Seismology, Continental Dynamics

Adjunct Assistant Professors (Research):
Dan J. Johnson, Geodesy, Gravity, Volcanology

Adjunct Lecturers:
Steven Lundblad, Sedimentary Geology, Isotope Geochemistry
Jack Powell, Field Geology, Mineral Resources, Pacific Northwest Geology
Nick Zentner, Scientific Instructional Technician Supervisor

General Departmental Information

Geosciences encompass the scientific study of the origin and evolution of the earth. Energy, mineral and water resources, geologic hazards, pollution of natural waters, and earthquake prediction are just a few of the pressing societal concerns that are addressed by geoscientists. The Geological Sciences program has two major parts: (1) solid-earth geosciences, such as rocks, minerals, deformation and tectonic evolution of the earth's crust, and (2) earth processes over the last 10,000 years, such as active faulting, environmental geochemistry, hydrogeology and water resources, geologic hazards, seismology, surface processes, and volcanology. Field, laboratory, and computer skills are essential to the study of the Geological Sciences. Research in the geosciences is active and varied, with faculty and students interacting closely. Bachelor of Science and Bachelor of Arts degrees are offered in geology. A Bachelor of Arts in Earth Sciences is also offered, and is intended for future school teachers. Minors in Geology and Earth Sciences are also available to supplement careers in other fields.

Students who declare a major in geology must register with the department and work out a specific program of studies with the chairperson or an assigned advisor. Course programs can be tailored to the student's needs and interests with the aid of an academic advisor. Other course requirements may be modified in cases where past performance indicates superior ability.

Students must be evaluated for math placement upon declaration of the major with the goal of establishing proficiency at the MATH 163.2 level early in the major program.

Bachelor of Science Major

The B.S. curriculum in geosciences prepares students for careers in solid-earth geosciences and environmental geology. This program assures adequate preparation in the basic physical sciences and breadth in the geosciences, so that students are well prepared for graduate school and have flexibility in career decisions. The B.S. requires courses in the Geological Sciences and additional courses in mathematics, chemistry, and physics. The B.S. degree is also appropriate for students who wish to continue in other quantitative scientific fields or directions (e.g., medical school).

Bachelor of Arts Major

The B.A. degree is designed for students planning professional careers in the geosciences and for those preparing to incorporate geosciences into broader careers such as teaching, resource management, environmental planning, business, or law. The B.A. degree may be an appropriate prerequisite for some graduate programs, but a B.S. is generally recommended for those in the Geological Sciences. Election of this major will allow students to choose supporting courses from disciplines such as computer science, mathematics, and physics or other physical or biological sciences, or from disciplines as diverse as anthropology, environmental studies, or geography.

Bachelor of Science and Bachelor of Arts

Geology Major (3650)

Required Core Courses                  Credits

GEOL 145, Physical Geology  OR
  GEOL 150, Geology of National Parks                4
GEOL 145.1, Laboratory, Physical 
  Geology Laboratory                                 1
GEOL 200, Earth Evolution and Global Change          5
GEOL 210, Introduction to Geologic Field Methods     4
GEOL 320, Rocks and Minerals                         5
GEOL 346, Mineralogy                                 5
GEOL 360, Structural Geology                         5
GEOL 370, Stratigraphy                               5
GEOL 452, Geophysics OR 
  GEOL 480, Geochemistry                             4
GEOL 489, Geologic Field Methods                  6-12
GEOL 487, End of Major Review                        1
Electives selected from the following
    (take at least one marked with asterisk):    17-20
  GEOL 304, Plate Tectonics (5)
  GEOL 377.1, and 377.2, Regional
    Natural History (5)
  GEOL 380, Environmental Geology and Natural Hazards (4)*
  GEOL 386, Geomorphology (5)*
  GEOL 415, Earthquake Geology and 
    Neotectonics (5)*
  GEOL 420, Tectonics of Western 
    North America (4)
  GEOL 425, Environmentaal Geochemistry (5)*
  GEOL 445, Hydrogeology (5)*
  GEOL 452, Geophysics (4)
  GEOL 453, Seismology (5)
  GEOL 455, Applied Geophysics (4)*
  GEOL 474, Quaternary Geology (4)
  GEOL 475, Petrography and Petrogenesis (5)
  GEOL 476, Sedimantary Petrology (5)
  GEOL 478, Volcanology (5)
  GEOL 480, Geochemistry (4)
  GEOL 481, Advanced Mineralogy (4)
  GEOL 483, Isotopes as Tracers of 
    Geological Processes (5)
  GEOL 488, Senior Colloquium in Geology (4)

                           Geology Core Total    62-71

Allied science requirements for Bachelor of Science degree

A one year series is required in Math or Chemistry and two quarters are required of each of the other two subjects:

CHEM 181 and 181.1, CHEM 182 and 182.1 required,
  CHEM 183                                       10-14
PHYS 181, 181.1 and PHYS 182, 182.1; 
  PHYS 111, 111.1, 112, 112.1, 113, 113.1        10-15
MATH 172.1 and MATH 172.2 required,
  choose between 265, 272.1, or 311              10-15

                        Allied Science Total     31-35

                   Bachelor of Science Total    96-106

 

Allied science requirements for Bachelor of Arts degree

CHEM 111 and 111.1  OR
  CHEM 181 and 181.1                                 5
Select from the following:                          10
  PHYS 111, 111.1, 112, 112.1, 113, 113.1, 
    181, 181.1, 182, 182.1, 183, 183.1
  MATH 172.1, 172.2, 311
  CHEM 182 and 182.1

                           Allied Science Total     15

                      Bachelor of Arts Total     77-86

Geology Minor (3650)

Required Courses                       Credits

GEOL 145, Physical Geology  OR
  GEOL 150, Geology of National Parks                4
GEOL 145.1, Physical Geology Laboratory              1
GEOL 200, Earth Evolution and Global Change          5
GEOL 210, Introduction to Geological Field Methods   4
GEOL 320, Rocks and Minerals                         5
GEOL 346, Mineralogy                                 5
GEOL 386, Geomorphology                              5
Department approved Geology electives              3-5

                                       Total     32-34

Bachelor of Arts

Earth Science Teaching Major (2600)

This major satisfies the Primary endorsement for Earth Science.

This major is for those who intend to teach in secondary schools. It does not constitute preparation for a career in geology. Senior and junior high school teachers may wish to accompany this major with another endorsable area to obtain certification.

Students who declare a major in Earth Science must work with advisors in the Departments of Geological Sciences and Education to develop a program of study.

Required Courses                       Credits

GEOL 145, Physical Geology  OR
  GEOL 150, Geology of National Parks                4
GEOL 145.1, Physical Geology Laboratory              1
GEOL 200, Earth Evolution and Global Change          5
GEOL 210, Introduction to Geological Field Methods   4
GEOL 320, Rocks and Minerals                         5
GEOL 350, Northwest Geology                          4
GEOL 370, Stratigraphy                               5
GEOL 380, Environmental Geology                      5
GEOL 386, Geomorphology                              5
GEOL 394, Laboratory Experience in Teaching 
  Earth Science                                      2
MATH 163.1, Pre-Calculus Mathematics I               5
CHEM 111, 111.1,  OR
  CHEM 181, 181.1, General Chemistry                 5
GEOG 388, Climatology                                5
PHYS 101, 101.1, Astronomy                           5
SCED 324, Science Education in Secondary Schools     4
SCED 495, Research                                 1-3

                                     Total     65-67

Earth Science Minor (2600)

This minor is an Earth Science supporting endorsement.

Required Courses                       Credits

GEOL 145, Physical Geology  OR
  GEOL 150, Geology of National Parks                4
GEOL 145.1, Physical Geology Laboratory              1
GEOL 200, Earth Evolution and Global Change          5
GEOL 350, Northwest Geology                          4
GEOL 380, Environmental Geology and  
  Natural Hazards                                    4
GEOL 394, Laboratory Experience in Teaching
  Earth Science                                      2
GEOG 388, Climatology                                5
PHYS 101, 101.1, Astronomy                           5
SCED 324, Science Education in Secondary Schools     4

                                        Total     34

Geology Courses

GEOL 145. Physical Geology (4). An introduction emphasizing the origin and nature of the common rocks, and the continually changing features of the earth's crust. Four lectures per week. GEOL 145.1 must be taken concurrently.

GEOL 145.1. Physical Geology Laboratory (1). Prerequisite, concurrent enrollment in GEOL 145 or 150. Application of map study to geological processes and land forms, identification of rocks and minerals. Two hours laboratory per week. May require field trips.

GEOL 150. Geology of National Parks (4). Fundamentals of geology applied to selected national parks in North America. Four lectures per week. GEOL 145.1 must be taken concurrently. Students may not receive credit in both GEOL 150 and GEOL 145.

GEOL 170. Volcanoes, Earthquakes, and Civilization (5). The role of natural geologic processes such as volcanoes, earthquakes and climate change in shaping the earth, the environment and human civilization. Four hour lecture per week plus required field trips.

GEOL 180. Introduction to Environmental Geology (5). Interaction between human activity and geological processes. Scientific discussion of global environmental issues such as ozone depletion, climate change, geologic hazards, natural resources and water use.

GEOL 188. Field Trips - Geologic Field Studies (1-3). Travel to field locations and study of specific geologic phenomena. May be repeated twice for trips to areas of significantly different geologic content. Grade will be S or U. Extra fees required.

GEOL 200. Earth Evolution and Global Change (5). Prerequisites, GEOL 145 or GEOL 150 and GEOL 145.1. Evolution of Earth, plate tectonics, life, and climate over the last 4.5 billion years. Three lectures, four hours labortory per week. May require field trips. Formerly GEOL 146. Students may not receive credit for both.

GEOL 210. Introduction to Geologic Field Methods (4). Prerequisites, GEOL 145 or GEOL 150 and GEOL 145.1. Introduction to the basic methods of geologic field investigation. Emphasis on constructing geologic maps. The class will consist of two weeks in the field, primarily along the eastern front of the Sierra Nevada, California, or other regions in the western United States. The class will be offered during the summer break or as arranged by the instructor. Students will register for the class during the immediately subsequent academic year quarter. Extra fees required.

GEOL 295. Sophomore Research (1-6). By permission only. May be repeated for up to 12 credits.

GEOL 304. Plate Tectonics (5). Prerequisites GEOL 145 or GEOL 150 and GEOL 145.1, GEOL 200. Solid-earth processes, in a plate-tectonic framework, which integrates global marine and terrestrial geologic and geophysical data. Three hours lecture per week plus 3 hours of lab.

GEOL 308. Cascade Volcanoes (3). Study of present and past volcanic activity in the Pacific Northwest, related volcanic deposits, and potential volcanic hazards.

GEOL 320. Rocks and Minerals (5). Prerequisites, GEOL 145 or GEOL 150, and GEOL 145.1 and one Chemistry course (may be taken concurrently), or permission of instructor. Identification, classification, and evolution of common igneous and metamorphic rocks. Includes recognition and interpretation of rocks in typical field exposures. Three hours lecture and three hours laboratory per week plus required field trips.

GEOL 346. Mineralogy (5). Prerequisites, 320, or permission of instructor. Physical, chemical, and crystallographic properties, and occurrence of minerals. Examination and description of hand specimens and crystal models. Theory and practice in optical mineralogy and X-ray diffraction. Four lectures and three hours laboratory per week.

GEOL 350. Northwest Geology (4). Prerequisites, GEOL 145 or 150 and 145. Fundamentals of geology applied to the Pacific Northwest. Specific case studies may include student presentations. Course designed for students planning to teach in Washington public schools. Four hours per week.

GEOL 360. Structural Geology (5). Prerequisites, GEOL 145 or GEOL 150 and GEOL 145.1 and GEOL 200. Introduction to the basic principles of rock deformation with an emphasis on the geometry, styles, and mechanics of faulting and folding and the stereographic projection and analysis of geologic structures. Three lectures and four hours laboratory per week. Field trips required.

GEOL 370. Stratigraphy (5). Prerequisite GEOL 200. Origin of sedimentary rocks, physical processes and stratigraphic principles. Identification of sedimentary rocks in hand sample. Three hours lecture and four hours laboratory per week. Three day Field trip required.

 

GEOL 377.1. Regional Natural History (2). Prerequisite, permission of instructor. Classroom study of the natural history of a selected region as preparation for one-to-two week field trip. Emphasis will be on developing background skills to undertake a field exploration over the quarter (winter, spring, summer) break. Subtitles will identify the selected geological region (e.g. Baja California Natural History). May be repeated for credit under a different subtitle (region). Same as BIOL 377.1.

GEOL 377.2. Regional Natural History (3). Prerequisite, GEOL 377.1 and permission of instructor. Special fees required. Administered through Continuing Education. One-to-two week field trip to explore biological and physical patterns and processes in selected regions of North America. Emphasis will be on recording field observations, keeping a field journal, field study techniques, and performing investigations chosen and developed by student participants. Subtitles will identify the region studied. May be repeated for credit under a different subtitle. Same as BIOL 377.2.

GEOL 380. Environmental Geology and Natural Hazards (4). Prerequisites, GEOL 145 or GEOL 150 and GEOL 145.1 or permission of instructor. Examine interactions between humans and their environment from a geologic perspective, evaluating problems such as geologic hazards and the use of earth's resources. Four lectures per week and required field trips.

GEOL 386. Geomorphology (5). Prerequisites, GEOL 145 or GEOL 150 and GEOL 145.1 or GEOG 107 or permission. Descriptive and interpretive examination of the Earth's landforms. Four lectures and three hours laboratory or field trips. Students may not receive credit for both GEOG 386 and GEOL 386.

GEOL 388. Field Trips (1-3). Prerequisite, permission of instructor. Intensive study of geological phenomena on field trips up to two weeks in length. Three days field work for each credit. Course may be repeated for areas of significantly different geologic content. Grade will be S or U. Extra fees required.

GEOL 393. Lab Experience Teaching Physical Geology (1). Prerequisite, permission of instructor. May be taken twice for credit. Grade will be S or U.

GEOL 394. Laboratory Experience Teaching Earth Science (2). Prerequisites: GEOL 145 or 150 and 145.1 and permission of instructor. Course designed for future Earth Science teachers in secondary schools. Assist teaching one laboratory section of GEOL 145.1 and discuss laboratory safety methods. Grade will be S or U.

GEOL 395. Junior Research (1-6). By permission only. May be repeated for up to 12 credits.

GEOL 396. Individual Study (1-6). Prerequisite, permission of instructor.

GEOL 398. Special Topics (1-6).

GEOL 404. Intermediate GIS (4). Prerequisite, GEOG 303/403 or permission. Applied concepts, principles, and operation of fundamental GIS applications, including raster-vector data models, topology, digitizing, and various analytical techniques such as overlay, buffers, and Boolean queries. Lecture and practical applicatons. Same as ANTH 404 and GEOG 404. Formerly ANTH/GEOG/GEOG 385.

GEOL 415. Earthquake Geology and Neotectonics (5). Prerequisites, GEOL 145 or 150 and 145.1, and permission. Geomorphology, stratigraphy, and structural geology applied to the study of active faults and folds in a variety of tectonic settings. Relation of seismicity and geodetic measurements to geologic structure and active tectonic processes, including case studies of selected earthquakes. Three hours lecture and four hours laboratory per week.

GEOL 417. Advanced GIS (4). Prerequisite, GEOG 404, ANTH 404, or GEOL 404 or permission of instructor. Advanced GIS principles, techniques, analysis, and application. Lecture and practical hands-on experience. Applied experience using GIS software. Same as ANTH 417 and GEOG 417.

GEOL 420. Tectonic evolution of western North America (4). Prerequisites, GEOL 145 or 150 and 145.1, GEOL 200, GEOL 360. Overview of the tectonic, structural, and stratigraphic evolution of western North America Cordillera, from the Proterozoic to the present day. Four lectures per week. Same as GEOL 520. Students may not receive credit for both.

GEOL 425. Environmental Geochemistry (5). Prerequisite, CHEM 181, 181.1, 182 and 182.1, or permission of instructor. Global geochemical cycles, influences of rocks and soils on wate chemistry, behavior of istopes and trace elements. Includes class project studying local environmental geochemistry topic. Three lectures plus one 3-hour lab per week. Same as GEOL 525. Students may not receive credit for both.

GEOL 430. Remote Sensing (5). Prerequisites, GEOG 410 or GEOL 210, or permission of instructor. Principles of acquisition, analysis, and use of remotely sensed data (LANDSAT, SPOT, Ikonos, etc.). Applied experience using image processing software. Three hours lecture and three hours laboratory per week. Same as GEOG 430 and GEOL 530. Students may not receive credit for more than one course.

GEOL 432. Field Geodetic Techniques (3). Training in field geodetic techniques, including scientific application of two or more precision surveying instruments: geodetic GPS, differential GPS, and electronic distance meter. Three hours a week and field project, or one-week field course.

GEOL 445. Hydrogeology (5). Prerequisites, GEOL 145 or GEOL 150 and GEOL 145.1 and MATH 163.2, or permission of instructor. Study of the occurrence and movement of ground water using geology, hydrology and geochemistry, with an emphasis on practical problems in water management. Three hours lecture and three hours laboratory per week. Same as GEOL 545. Student may not receive credit for both.

GEOL 452. Geophysics (4). Prerequisite, MATH 163.2 or permission of instructor. Basic elasticity theory, gravity and geoid analysis. Terrestrial heat flow, Seismology. Three hours lecture per week plus four hours of scientific computing lab. No prior Unix experience required. Formerly GEOL 485; students may not receive credit for both.

GEOL 453. Seismology (5). Prerequisites, MATH 172.2 or permission of instructor. Elasticity theory, the wave equation, ray theory, diffraction, waveform modeling, travel time inversion. Data analysis. Three hours lecture per week plus four hours of scientific computing lab. Offered alternate years. Same as GEOL 553. Students may not receive credit for both.

GEOL 454. Introduction to Scientific Computing (5). Introduction to numerical computation and simulation of problems relevant to Earth science. Three hours of lecture and three hours of lab. No prior Unix experience necessary. Same as GEOL 554. Student may not receive credit for both.

GEOL 455. Applied Geophysics (4). Prerequisites, MATH 172.1 and PHYS 181. Background, principles, and techniques of geophysics as applied to geologic, environmental, and exploration problems. Three lectuire plus two hour of labratory or field work per week. Required field trips. Same as GEOL 555. Students may not receive credit for both.

GEOL 474. Quaternary Geology (4). Prerequisite, GEOL 386 or permission. Study of geological processes affecting Earth's most recent history. Course emphasizes Quarternary environmental change, glacial epochs, paleoclimatic methods, and dating techniques. Same as GEOL 574. Student may not receive credit for both.

GEOL 475. Petrography and Petrogenesis (5). Prerequisites, GEOL 346. Petrogenetic, hand specimen and thin section study of igneous, metamorphic, and sedimentary rocks. Three hours lecture and four hours laboratory or field work per week plus required field trips. Same as GEOL 575. Students maynot receive credit for both. Offered in alternate years.

GEOL 476. Sedimentary Petrology (5). Prerequisites, GEOL 200 and GEOL 346. Analysis and interpretation of depositional systems. Study of classic and carbonate rocks in hand sample, thin section, and in the field. Three hours lecture and four hours laboratory per week. Same as GEOL 576. Students may not receive credit for both. Offered in alternate years.

GEOL 478. Volcanology (5). Prerequisites, GEOL 346 or consent of instructor. Study of volcanoes and associated deposits, styles of eruption, physical and chemical controls on eruption mechanisms, and volcanic hazards and hazard mitigation. Three hours lecture and four hours laboratory per week plus required field trips. Same as GEOL 578. Students may not receive credit for both. Offered in alternate years.

GEOL 480. Geochemistry (4). Prerequisites, GEOL 320, CHEM 182, CHEM 182.1, and MATH 163.2, or permission of instructor. An introduction to the branches of geochemistry, including the origin of elements, age dating, isotope geochemistry, and petrochemistry. Four hours lecture per week plus required field trips.

GEOL 481. Advanced Mineralogy (4). Prerequisites, GEOL 346 and CHEM 182, or permission of instructor. Crystal chemistry of rock-forming minerals. Theory and practice of determinative techniques such as the polarizing microscope, x-ray diffraction, and electron microprobe. Three hours lecture and three hours laboratory per week. Offered in alternate years. Same as GEOL 581. Student may not receive credit for both.

GEOL 483. Isotopes as Tracers of Geological Processes (5). Prerequisites, CHEM 182, CHEM 182.1 and MATH 163.2 or permission of instructor. Covers principles of isotope geochemistry and applications to studies of geological processes such as hydrologic cycling, volcanic petrogenesis, and climate change. Three hours lecture per week plus required laboratory work and field trips. Same as GEOL 583. Students may not receive credit for both. Offered in alternate years.

GEOL 487. End of Major Review Seminar (1). Prerequisite, students must be seniors intending to graduate during the current year. Students must be familiar with the language of geology and possess certain basic geologic skills. Coordinates student participation in program assessment activities and provides a structured avenue for student input into program goals. Grade will be S or U.

GEOL 488. Senior Colloquium in Geology (4). Prerequisite, senior standing or permission of instructor. Lecture, reading, and presentation of various topics in geology. Three hours lecture plus three hours of discussion per week.

GEOL 489. Geologic Field Methods (6-12). Prerequisites, GEOL 145 or GEOL 150 and GEOL 145.1, GEOL 200, GEOL 360. Emphasis is placed on observation and recording of lithologic and structural features, measurement of stratigraphic and structural sections, applications of various survey methods, and plotting geologic data on topographic and aerial photographs in the field. The class will be offered during summer or winter break, or as arranged by the instructor. Credits will be carried in concurrent or immediately subsequent academic year quarter. Extra fees required.

GEOL 490. Cooperative Education (1-12). An individualized contracted field experience with business, industry, government, or social service agencies. This contractual arrangement involves a student learning plan, cooperating employer supervision, and faculty coordination. Prior approval required. May be repeated. Grade will be S or U.

GEOL 491. Workshop (1-6).

GEOL 492. Applied GIS Project (2-6). Prerequisite, ANTH/GEOG 215 and permission of instructor. GIS projects in Anthropology, Biology, Geography, Geology, Resource Management. May be repeated for credit by permission of department chair. Same as GEOG 492 and ANTH 492.

GEOL 493. Experience Teaching Upper Level Geology (2). Prerequisite, permission of instructor. Assisting with instruction in upper level Geology major lab or field courses. May be repeated once for the same course, and up to a total of four times. Grade will be S or U.

GEOL 495. Senior Research (1-6). By permission only. May be repeated up to 12 credits.

GEOL 496. Individual Study (1-6). Prerequisite, permission of instructor.

GEOL 498. Special Topics (1-6).

GEOL 499. Seminar (1-5).

Undergraduate Courses/Programs on Reserve

The following courses are on reserve and may be offered subject to program needs: GEOL 105. Evolution of the Earth (5). GEOL 307. Geology of the Columbia Plateau (1), GEOL 330. Glacial Geology (4).