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2002 - 2003 Divisions of Instruction

The University is sectioned into several divisions of instruction as listed below.


Administration and Organization

Dean: Liahna Armstrong (Hebeler Hall 202)

Associate Dean: Rosco Tolman (Hebeler Hall 202)

The College of Arts and Humanities (CAH) comprises 10 departments and programs, listed below, which represent the disciplines of the arts and humanities. All departments and some programs of CAH offer undergraduate degrees as well as minors which supplement other degree programs. Several departments offer Master's degrees. In addition to its role in providing degree programs, CAH is responsible for many of the course offerings of the general education program along with extensive service coursework for the entire university. The College also plays a major role in Central's teacher education programs, offering Bachelor's and Master's degrees for students preparing to be secondary teachers and providing coursework in educational foundations and discipline-specific methods for teacher education majors. Building on a legacy of teaching excellence, CAH faculty are engaged in research, creative activities, and service, involving students in the scholarship and practical applications of their various academic specializations, while making important contributions to the intellectual tradition and to society at large. There are no special requirements for admission to the College, but some departments have requirements that are described under the respective department and program headings in this catalog.

Departments and Programs

Department of Art: Michael Chinn (Randall Hall 103)
Department of Communication: Alan Taylor (Bouillon Hall 232-A)
Douglas Honors College: Barry Donahue (Language & Literature Bldg. 408-G)
Department of English: Patricia Calaghan (Language & Literature Bldg. 423)
Department of Foreign Languages: Joshua Nelson (Language & Literature Bldg. 102-S)
Department of History: Karen Blair (Language & Literature Bldg. 100)
Humanities Program: Gerry Stacy (Language & Literature Bldg. 408-C)
Department of Music: Peter Gries (Hertz Hall 101)
Department of Philosophy: Chenyang Li (Language & Literature Bldg. 337)
Department of Theatre Arts: George Bellah (McConnell 106)

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Administration and Organization

Dean: Roy Savoian (Shaw-Smyser 129)
Associate Dean: John J. Lasik (Shaw-Smyser 126)

COB Web Site:

Departments and Programs

Accounting: Jay D. forsyth (Shaw-Smyser 318)
Business Administration: Don R. Nixon (Shaw-Smyser 333)
Economics: Robert Carbaugh (Shaw-Smyser 428)

Accounting Program Directors:

Lynnwood Center: John O. Moore
SeaTac Center: Norman J. Gierlasinski

Business Administration Program Directors:

Ellensburg: Steve Schepman
Lynnwood Center: F. Lynn Richmond
SeaTac Center: Don R. Nixon


The College of Business creates value and opportunity for our students by providing a high quality education at the Ellensburg campus and university centers in the Puget Sound and central regions of Washington State.

Meaning of our Mission:
Value and Opportunity

• Through curricula based on theory and on practice, we prepare an increasingly diverse student population with the knowledge, competencies and skills that are necessary for productive careers.

• Our undergraduate and graduate degree programs are offered with the highest emphasis on excellence in teaching, which is strengthened by faculty research and supported by professional service.

• With emphasis on undergraduate education, degree programs are delivered by faculty who are dedicated to using their academic preparation and business experience to enhance student learning.

High Quality Education

• Teaching is our priority. We foster a learning environment where students and faculty work actively together.

• Curricula reflect current needs and developments in business and promote an understanding of theory and its practical application.

• Education at a high level of quality derives from concern for students at the individual level, and personalized, innovative instruction supported by appropriate learning technologies.

• Important linkages are developed with alumni, College of Business Advisory Board, employers and other professionals in business and education.

• We are committed to outcomes assessment and continuous improvement in order to provide a high quality education.

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Our Shared Values

The faculty and staff share a set of core beliefs and commitments. We believe in:
• student success
• lifelong learning
• integrity and ethical behavior
• excellence

We commit ourselves to:.
• prepare students for the future
• impart knowledge on which students can build
• treat everyone with respect and fairness
• exemplify our values by serving as teachers and role models
• maintain professional currency

Programs: The college offers programs leading to the Bachelor of Science degree in the following areas:

Bachelor of Science, Accounting
Bachelor of Science, Business Admini-stration with specializations in:
General Business
Human Resource Management
Management and Organization
Marketing Management
Operations Management/Information Systems

Bachelor of Science, Economics with specializations in:
General Economics
Managerial Economics
Master of Professional Accountancy

The College also offers the junior and senior years of the Accounting and Business Administration programs at two westside centers: Lynnwood and SeaTac. In addition, upper-division coursework in support of major programs is offered at three eastside centers: Wenatchee, Moses Lake, and Yakima. Please refer to departmental listings in this catalog for more information about each major.

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Admission Requirements

Admission requirements to major programs within the College of Business are identical regardless of the location of the program. Students must first be accepted by Central Washington University and the center which they plan to attend. Then, students must formally apply to the College of Business and be admitted to a major program prior to enrolling in 300-400 level courses within the College of Business. Application forms are available in the center and department offices. The application form must be completed and returned to the appropriate offices along with copies of current transcripts.

Applicants to all degree programs within the College of Business must have achieved a minimum overall GPA of 2.00 in all collegiate studies; further, applicants must have completed English 101 and 102. All course and grade criteria specified here apply to equivalent courses transferred from other institutions.

Admission to the Accounting or Business Administration major requires the completion of seven pre-admission courses with a minimum GPA of 2.25 and a minimum grade of "C-" (1.70) in each course. Admission to the Economics major requires the completion of four pre-admission courses with a minimum GPA of 2.25 and a minimum grade of "C-" (1.70) in each course. The credit/no credit option will not be accepted for any pre-admission courses.

Transfer Credits

Equivalent lower division (100-200 level) courses may be transferred toward meeting the pre-admission requirements for any B.S. degree in the College of Business. Upper division (300-400 level) courses may be transferred toward meeting the major requirements only with the approval of the Department Chair and the College Dean or designee. Transfer students must earn at least 45 quarter credits in their major at CWU.

Service to Other Majors

Students majoring in programs outside the College of Business who are required to take courses in this college for either their major or minor will be eligible to enroll on a space-available basis. These students will be given priority over other non-college majors wishing to enroll in courses. All students must have taken prerequisites for courses prior to enrollment.

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Administration and Organization

Web site:

Interim Dean: Barney L. Erickson (Science Building 107)
Associate Dean: To be announced (Science Building 107)

The College of the Sciences (COTS) is comprised of 12 departments and a number of affiliated programs representing disciplines in the behavioral, natural and social sciences as well as mathematics. The departments and programs of the College offer undergraduate baccalaureate degrees, Master's degrees and coursework at the graduate level, minors which supplement other degree programs, and a comprehensive range of service coursework for the entire university. As an essential part of its mission, the College is responsible for extensive course offerings within the general education curriculum. The departments play a major role in Central's teacher education programs, offering Bachelor's and Master's degrees for students preparing to be secondary teachers and providing coursework in educational foundations and discipline-specific content and methods.

Departments within the College are committed to teaching excellence, to active engagement by faculty in research, scholarship and professional service activities, to student involvement in research, and to community service, employing practical applications of the various academic specializations.


All departments offer baccalaureate degree programs, and in some cases, minors and Master's degrees. In addition to consulting department/program headings in this catalog, students are encouraged to contact individual department and program offices directly.

Anthropology and Museology: Anne S. Denman (Farrell Hall 309; 963-3201)
Biological Sciences: David Hosford (Science Building 338; 963-2731)
Chemistry: JoAnn DeLuca (Science Building 302; 963-2811)
Computer Science: James Schwing (Hebeler Hall 219; 963-1495)
Geography & Land Studies: Morris Uebelacker (Lind Hall 119-C; 963-1188)
Geological Sciences: Charles M. Rubin (Lind Hall 101-A; 963-2701)
Law & Justice: Charles E. Reasons (Psychology Building 455; 963-3208)
Mathematics: William Owen/Scott Lewis (Bouillon Hall 108; 963-2103)
Physics: Bruce C. Palmquist (Lind Hall 201-A; 963-2727)
Political Science: James Brown (Psychology Building 414; 963-2408)
Psychology: Philip Tolin (Psychology Building 422; 963-2381)
Sociology: Kirk Johnson (Farrell Hall 409; 963-1305)

Affiliated Programs:

Programs offer specialized coursework, interdisciplinary baccalaureate or Master's degrees, minors, or public service functions related to instructional programs.

Allied Health Sciences (Biological Sciences): Sheldon Johnson (Science Building 338H)
Asia/Pacific Studies: Michael A. Launius (Psychology Building 414)
Central Washington Archaeological Survey (CWAS, Anthropology): TBA (Farrell)
Energy Studies: James Huckabay (Lind Hall 117-A)
Environmental Studies: Morris Uebelacker (Lind Hall 119)
Ethnic Studies (Sociology): Delores Cleary (Farrell Hall 442)
Gerontology (Psychology): Jeffrey Penick (Psychology Building 461)
Geographic Information Systems Laboratory (GIS): TBA (Lind Hall)
Medical Technology (Biological Sciences): Holly Pinkart (Science Building 236D)
Organization Development Center (Psychology): Anthony Stahelski (Psychology Building 422)
Primate Studies: Agustin Fuentes (Farrell Hall 338)
Public Policy: Rex Wirth (Psychology Building 481)
Resource Management (Geography/Anthropology) Robert Kuhlken (Lind Hall 118-B)
Science Education: Martha Kurtz (Science Building)
Women Studies: Bang-Soon Yoon (Psychology Building 473)

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Administration and Organization

WEB Site:

Dean: Rebecca S. Bowers
Interim Associate Deans: Ethan Bergman and Connie Lambert

The primary role of the College of Education and Professional Studies is to support the mission of Central Washington University by offering and supporting educational opportunities of the highest quality for students. The mission of the College of Education and Professional Studies is to prepare enlightened leaders for the professions and for society -- leaders who will commit themselves to socially responsible citizenship in a global society.

From the College perspective, its role is fulfilled by creating and nurturing an academic environment where "quality" and "excellence" are synonymous with achievement. Each academic unit of the College has developed specific goals and objectives to complement this mission.


Information Technology and Administrative Management
Catherine Bertelson (Shaw-Smyser 223)
Aerospace Studies (AFROTC)
William Major, Lt. Col, USAF (Peterson Hall 203)
Curriculum and Supervision
Osman Alawiye (Black Hall 101)
Family & Consumer Sciences
Janet S. Bowers (Michaelsen Hall 100)
Industrial and Engineering Technology
Tim Yoxtheimer (Hogue 107)
Military Science (ROTC)
Troy Kunz, Lt. Col., (Peterson Hall 202)
Physical Education, Health and Leisure Services
Robert McGowan (Physical Education Building 114)
Teacher Education Programs
David Shorr (Black Hall 101)

Center for Teaching and Learning

The Center for Teaching and Learning is the NCATE accredited unit that provides oversight for all CWU school personnel preparation programs. The CTL is intended to facilitate communication between and among the respective disciplines that contribute to the preparation of educators. CTL programs include the preparation of teachers, school administrators, school counselors, and school psychologists.

Conceptual Framework

Supporting the mission, purpose, and governance structure of the CTL is the "Constructivist" philosophy. This philosophy asserts that:

    1. Knowledge is actively created by the learner
    2. Knowledge is "constructed" or made meaningful when learners relate new information to prior knowledge or existing structures of knowledge
    3. Knowledge "constructs" are shaped by experience and social interaction, and
    4. Members of a culture collaboratively establish knowledge.

The framework for the professional preparation programs is divided into four strands.

    1. Facilitator of Learning as Expert Learner
    2. Facilitator of Learning as Knowledge Specialist
    3. Facilitator of Learning as Master of the Art and Science of teaching
    4. Facilitator of Learning as Teacher/Specialist Scholar

The four strands are interactive. The general education course requirements focus on developing the student as an expert learner. The student's major and minor programs provide the indepth study required for the knowledge specialist. The professional core, including learner outcomes and field experiences, prepares the student to be a master of the art and science of teaching. A formal graduate degree program, where the student synthesizes knowledge and experience, establishes the student as a teacher/specialist scholar. Ultimately, the overall goal is to prepare teachers, administrators, counselors, and psychologist who are facilitators of learning in a diverse world.

The Director of the CTL is the Dean of the College of Education and Professional Studies. For information about the school administrator program, contact the Department of Teacher Education Programs. For information about the school counslor and school psychologist programs, contact the Department of Psychology.

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Teacher Preparation Program

General Information

The Teacher Preparation Program is administered through the College of Education and Professional Studies. The Provost and Vice President for Academic Affairs in collaboration with the Dean of the College of Education and Professional Studies appoints faculty to serve on the Advisory Council, which advises the Dean on program policies.

Admission Requirements:

Admission to the University does not guarantee a student admission into the Teacher Preparation program. Students must be fully admitted to the Teacher Preparation program prior to taking any courses in the department of Teacher Education Program's, majors and minors, or the required professional education foundation courses.

All candidates desiring consideration for admission must complete an application packet. Application packets can be obtained from the Associate Dean's Office located in Black Hall 228, 400 E. 8th Avenue, Ellensburg, WA 98926-7414, by telephoning (509) 963-2661, or by accessing our Home Page at

Processing of applications takes time. To insure the thorough review of transcripts, letters of recommendation, etc., it is required that all application materials for admission to the Teacher Preparation Program be submitted by the following dates: Winter, November 1; Spring, February 15; Summer, May 1; Fall, August 1.

Admission requirements are as follows:

1. A 3.0 grade point average for at least the last 45 graded quarter credits (the total may exceed 45 if an entire quarter is needed to achieve the minimum 45). Conditional acceptance can be granted to individuals with a 2.8 GPA. Transcripts for all college/university coursework must be submitted directly to the office of the Associate Dean. These transcripts are in addition to transcripts submitted to the Academic Services Office.

2. Completed application for admission to the Teacher Preparation Program.

3. Completed "Character and Fitness Supplement" form. Answering "YES" to any question on the form will require that you meet with the Associate Dean prior to a decision regarding admission. All court documents should be submitted prior to that meeting. False answers to the questions on the form may result in denial of program admission and/or certification.

4. Minimum score of 24 on each of two recommendation forms completed by teachers, employers, or professors (one must be from a professor or teacher). Forms may not be completed by a relative.

5. Competency in basic skills as demonstrated by one of the following:

  • TET passing scores on all sections (scores cannot be older than 5 years)
  • Completion of a baccalaureate degree program
  • Completion of a graduate degree program
  • Completion of 90 or more quarter credits and have earned a minimum grade of "C" in the following courses (or direct course equivalencies): ENG 101 & 102, COM 110, 250, or 345, and MATH 101 or 130.1 if secondary, or MATH 164.1 if elementary
  • SAT I Reasoning minimum score of 1054 (score cannot be older than 5 years)
  • ACT composite score of 23 (score cannot be older than 5 years)
  • It is anticipated the basic skills requirement will change around the 2002/2003 academic year, with the possibility that a basic skills test will be the sole means of meeting the basic skills requirement for admission to the Teacher Preparation Program.

6. Signed fingerprint information form.

Note: Failure to begin the program within one year from date of acceptance may result in cancellation of admission.

The completed application packet needs to be submitted to the following address by the appropriate deadline date: Associate Dean, College of Education and Professional Studies, Central Washington University, 400 East Eighth Ave., Ellensburg, WA 98926-7414.

Please be aware that:
No grade lower than a C in major or minor, required English composition courses, and foundation coursework, and no grade lower than a C- in basic and breadth coursework will be accepted for certification.

To remain in the program, students must maintain a 3.0 GPA - cumulative, or for the last 45 graded credits earned.

Each applicant for admission to the Teacher Preparation Program will be notified in writing of the status of his/her application.

Completion of the Teacher Preparation Program does not guarantee certification by the State of Washington. In order to be certified, the candidate must demonstrate good moral character and personal fitness as defined by WAC 180-75-081. Fingerprint clearance from the State Patrol and FBI will be required prior to application for practicum and/or student teaching. If you have anything from your past that you think may compromise your certification, please seek advisement from the Associate Dean, College of Education and Professional Studies, (509) 963-2661, prior to submitting your application.

Teacher Preparation Program admission regulations are administered by the Associate Dean, College of Education and Professional Studies. Personal folders are maintained in the Associate Dean's Office for each student enrolled in a teaching program at Central Washington University.

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Teacher Education Basic Skills Testing Policy

The following procedures should be followed by students taking the teacher education test option to meet the basic skills proficiency requirement for admission to the Teacher Preparation Program:

1. Prior to initial testing, students who have actual documentation of a disability should contact ADA Affairs to discuss any needed accommodations. Recommendations will be forwarded to the office of Testing Services.

2. Failure to pass any portion of the TET will require remediation. Remediation is defined as developing and completing a "Plan of Remediation" (could include tutoring, completing Learning Plus, completing a remedial course) which is filed with the Office of the Associate Dean. This "Plan" is developed with staff at the CWU Academic Skills Program or another agency qualified to provide remediation and approved by the Associate Dean.

3. Upon successful completion of the "Plan of Remediation" and upon recommendation of the Academic Skills Program, the student can retake the appropriate section of the TET a second time. A minimum of one-month delay is required between the initial test and retake.

4. Failure to pass the same section of the TET during the retake will require that the student appeal to the CARR (Candidate Admissions, Recruitment, and Retention Committee) (meets once per quarter).


In fulfilling "General Education Requirements," students pursuing elementary-level teaching certificates are advised to take at least one course which deals with minority ethnic groups, at least one course in English or American literature, mathematics, music, public speaking, and a laboratory course in the biological sciences.

Transfer Students

Students entering Central Washington University with a transferable Associate of Arts (A.A.) degree from an accredited Washington community college will need to meet the admission requirements for the Teacher Preparation Program prior to enrolling in any education courses. These students are frequently surprised to find that, after finishing two years of community college, they have more than two years left to complete an education degree. That is because the A.A. degree required 90 credits and, when transferred to CWU, satisfies only the Basic and Breadth requirements which can generally be completed in 60 credits at CWU. Community college students can make good use of the additional 30 credits required by the A.A. by selecting courses at the community college which may meet major, minor, or, in some cases, courses in the teacher preparation program. It is also possible to include the four courses (ENG 101 and 102, COM 110, 250, or 345, or 250, and MATH 101, 130.1, or 164.1) in the A.A. program which would meet the basic skills requirement for admission to the Teacher Preparation Program (see item #5 under Admission Requirements above). Check your community college's equivalency sheet to make certain your courses are equivalent to CWU's courses for these particular requirements.

Alternative Admissions Procedures to Teacher Preparation

Students who do not have the required grade point average, or who do not pass portions of the teacher education test may apply for provisional admission to the teacher preparation program by alternative means.


1. Applications will be made in the Candidate Admissions, Recruitment, and Retention Committee in care of the CEPS Associate Dean. The written application will include the following:

a. A letter from the applicant’s major advisor that supports the following:

Applicant’s academic ability,

Service experience,

Growth, commitment and motivation,

Potential for graduate study (following graduation from the undergraduate program),

Potential for success in working with diverse groups,

Other criteria appropriate to the applicant’s potential as a teacher, and,

Other extenuating circumstances that may have affected the applicant’s grades and test scores.

b. One supporting letter from a former employer, supervisor, or other individual knowledgeable of the applicant’s experiences in working with young people.

c. A personal essay by the applicant that describes his/her educational goals and objectives.

2. An interview with the Candidate Admissions, Recruitment, and Retention Committee may be required

3. Those admitted will be monitored on a quarterly basis by the CARR and will meet all admission requirements prior to student teaching.

4. Students who have been admitted to the teacher preparation program via the CARR will receive personal guidance to facilitate completion of their undergraduate degrees and receipt of their certificates.

5. For further information, contact the Associate Dean of the College.

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Graduation/Certification Requirements for Teacher Preparation Program

1. No grade lower than a C in major, minor, composition courses, and professional education foundation courses.

2. Minimum GPA of 2.5 in major, minor, and professional education foundation courses.

3. Minimum GPA of 3.0 for last 45 graded credits or cumulative. Overall cumulative to include all college course work.

4. A degree in Elementary Education, Special Education, or Early Childhood Education may not be awarded without certification.

Major and Minor Concentrations

To achieve certification, students must select a major which leads to a University "Primary" endorsement for teaching in the schools of Washington State. The following majors are primary endorsements offered at CWU. Numbers in parenthesis indicate catalog/SIS code. Students should contact the departments to request information about major requirements.

Primary Endorsable Majors:

Biology Teaching Major (1602)
Business Education Major (1800)
Chemistry Teaching Major (1851)
Early Childhood Education Major (2550)
Earth Science Major (2600)
Elementary Education Major (2870)
English Teaching Major (3053)
Family and Consumer Science Vocational Teaching Major (3365)
Foreign Languages (3505, 3515): Chinese, French, German, Japanese, Russian, and Spanish
History: Teaching Broad Area Major (4011)
Industrial Education Major (4150, 4160)
Language Arts Major (4450)
Marketing Education Major (4975)
Mathematics: Teaching Secondary Major (5101)
Music: Broad Area Specialization (5451)
Music: Choral Music Specialization (5462)
Music: Instrumental Music Specialization (5463)
Physical Education: Teaching K-12 Major (6101)
Physics Major (6250)
Achool Health Education Major (7025)
Social Science: Teaching Secondary Major (7403)
Special Education K-12 (7810)
Special Education P-3 (7820)
Theatre Arts: Secondary Education Major (8451)
Visual Arts: Teaching Major (1501)

A "Primary" endorsement will be required to obtain a teaching certificate. "Supporting" endorsements are optional and can be added to a certificate, but an individual cannot have a supporting endorsement without having a primary endorsement. The following minors are Supporting endorsements offered at CWU. Numbers in parenthesis indicate catalog/Sis code. Students should contact the departments to request information about major requirements.

Supporting Endorsable Minors:

Bilingual Education/Teaching English as a Second Language Minor (1573)
Biology Teaching Minor (1604)
Business Education Minor (1800)
Chemistry Teaching Minor (1851)
Dance: Teaching Minor (2190)
Early Childhood Education Minor (2550)
Earth Science Minor (2600)
Foreign Language Teaching Minors: Chinese (3560), French (3565), German (3570),
Japanese (3575), Russian (3580), Spanish (3585)
Health/Fitness Teaching Minor (3900)
History Teaching Minor (4015)
Marketing Education Minor (4975)
Mathematics: Teaching Secondary Minor (5101) (Math minor will not be endorsed if combined with
Elementary Education Major, unless student teaching is also done in the math area)
Physics Minor (6250)
Reading Minor (6675)
Science Education Broad Area (7145) (This minor leads to a Primary endorsement.)
Teaching English as a Second Language (TESL) Minor (8400)
Theatre Arts: Teaching Secondary or Grades 4-12 Minor (8450)


CWU's Teacher Preparation Program is accredited by the National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education (NCATE). It is also approved by the Washington State Board of Education to offer programs which lead to teacher certification. To be awarded Washington certificates, candidates must be at least 18 years of age. Completion of requirements for a degree does not guarantee that all requirements for certification have been met. In order to be certified, a candidate must demonstrate good moral character and physical fitness as defined by WAC 180-75-081. Fingerprint clearance from the State Patrol and FBI will be required prior to any practicum and/or student teaching experience.

Graduates of the Teacher Preparation Program are legally qualified for certification in states which are party to the interstate certification compact.

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Residency Certificate

The Residency Certificate is normally awarded simultaneously with the Bachelor's degree. Individuals who hold, or have held a Residency Certificate and are enrolled in a Professional certificate program may have the certificate renewed for an additional two years upon verification the individual is making satisfactory progress in a state approved Professional certificate program.

Individuals who hold, or have held a Residency Certificate who do not qualify for admission to a Professional certificate program may have their Residency Certificates renewed for one additional five year period by completing fifteen quarter credits of college credit course work from a regionally accredited institution taken since the issuance of the Residency Certificate.

Professional Certificate

Candidates for the Professional Certificate must meet the following requirements:

  • Complete provisional status as a teacher in a public school pursuant to RCW 28A.405.220 or the equivalent in a state board of education approved private school.
  • Complete an approved Professional Certificate program which has been collaboratively developed by the college/university and the respective Professional Education Advisory Board (PEAB).
  • Demonstrate competency in three standards (i.e., Effective Teaching, Professional Development, and Leadership) and the 17 criteria relevant to the three standards.
  • Complete the child abuse course work requirement.

Contact the Teacher Certification Office for more information regarding this program.

Endorsement-Only Program

CWU's Endorsement-Only Program is available to certified teachers who hold the Washington State Initial, Residency, or Continuing Teaching Certificate and who wish to add a teaching endorsement to their certificate. Teachers interested in obtaining an endorsement from CWU should obtain an application from the Teacher Certification Office. Once an application and transcripts are submitted, a credit evaluation will be completed.

Certification Only

Candidates with a bachelor's degree who desire certification must follow the guidelines for admission to teacher preparation. Certification-Only students may earn the Residency Teaching Certificate by satisfactorily completing the professional foundation courses and at least one college primary endorsement program. Final approval of the college endorsement program lies with the individual's content area. The Certification-Only program can usually be completed within five to six quarters.

Continuing Certificate

Candidates for the continuing certificate must meet the following requirements:

* Have a valid Initial Teaching Certificate

* Verify at least one year of full-time teaching experience

* Complete 45 credits of upper-division (300 level or higher) coursework, including courses in abuse, staff development and supervision, research and evaluation, and referral agencies

Application forms and further information can be obtained from the Office of the Associate Dean located in Black Hall 228.

In order to qualify for endorsement to teach in more than one specialization, students must meet the requirements for each specialization. Experienced teachers may petition the Curriculum and Supervision Department for permission to student teach for less than the normal 16 credits.

To maintain the continuing (professional) certificate, each person must complete 150 clock hours of approved inservice education and/or 15 college or university credits every five years.

*Candidates for the continuing certificate must have been granted at least two subject area endorsements. Subject area endorsements, with the exception of broad subject area endorsements of English/language arts, science and social studies, require satisfactory completion of 24 credits in specified areas of studies. Broad subject endorsements require 45 credits.

Recency of Coursework

Education courses may not be older than 10 years at the time of graduation/certification.

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