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2002 - 2003 Anthropology & Museum Studies

Chair: Anne S. Denman
Farrell Hall 309

John A. Alsoszatai-Petheo, Biological Anthropology, Lithic Technology, Paleoanthropology, Peopling of the Americas, Evolution, Genetics
Anne S. Denman, Cultural Anthropology, Gender, American Culture
William C. Smith, Emeritus, Archaeology, Museum Studies, Comparative World Prehistory

Associate Professors:
Tracy J. Andrews, Sociocultural Anthrpology, Native North America, Ethnicity, Medical Anthropology, Ecological Anthpology, Gender
Loran E. Cutsinger, Cultural Anthropology, Informal Economy, Gender, Caribbean, Russia, Middle East
Human-nonhuman Primate Interactions, Conservation Studies; Southeast Asia
Steven Hackenberger, Cultural Ecology, Archaeology, Cultural Resource Management, Computer Simulation, North America and Caribbean

Assistant Professors:
Patrick Lubinski, Archaeology, Zooarchaeology, Cultural Resource Management, North America
Patrick McCutcheon, Archaeology, World Prehistory, Evolutionary Theory, Environmental Archaeology, Archaeometry

General Departmental Information

Anthropology presents an integrated perspective on the cultural and biological nature of humans. Anthropologists study present and past human diversity through classroom, laboratory, and field studies in cultural and biological anthropology, including archaeology, linguistics, enthnology, and applied anthropology.

Classes at the introductory (100) level include a general survey of the field and major sub-fields. Intermediate (300) level classes focus on selected sub-fields; upper-division standing or relevant lower division anthropology courses are desirable. Advanced (400) level classes generally assume completion of at least three of the core requirement classes, plus 15 credits in Anthropology. However, prerequisite requirements may be waived with permission of the instructor, or for variable credit classes (490, 491, 496, 498).

Students interested in major and minor programs should contact the department office as soon as possible for further information, application forms, and assignment of an advisor. Anthropology majors are expected to meet with their advisors at least once a quarter.

Special Programs

Reflecting the broad nature of anthropological study, the Department directly sponsors or is affiliated with a wide range of on- and off-campus options to broaden classroom experiences. Further information about the following programs is available through the Anthropology Department office:

  • Museum Studies Program, offering coursework, field experiences and projects with local and regional museums
  • Central Washington Archaeological Survey (CSAS), a service, research and public information facility with special emphasis in the Northwest
  • Primate Behavior and Ecology Bachelor of Science, an interdisciplinary program providing undergraduate training in method and theory of primatology as basis for research, laboratory and field experience
  • Resource Management M.S. program, offering an integrated program in natural and cultural resource management, including anthropology classes in cultural resource management and historic preservation
  • Macintosh and PC computer labs housed in Farrell Hall
  • Center for Spatial Information, providing a range of Geographic Information System (GIS) tools for analysis of social and natural science data
  • Summer workshops and field schools, recently including archaeology in Mount Rainier National Park, primate studies in Bali (Indonesia), archaeology and ethnology in Barbados, workshops in Forensic Anthropology
  • Study Abroad opportunities coordinated through the CWU Office of International Study and Programs
  • Departmental Honors Program encourages individualized research and study in a sub-area of Anthropology. It is open to junior and senior students with Anth major GPA of 3.00 or better
  • Anthropology Student Association, an active student group which sponsors academic and social events related to the discipline.


Anthropology Core

Anthropology Core Requirements         Credits

ANTH 110, Introduction to Biological Anthropology    5
ANTH 110.1, Biological Anthropology Laboratory       1
ANTH 120, Introduction to Archaeology                5
ANTH 130, Introduction to Cultural Anthropology      5
ANTH 180, Introduction to Linguistics                5
ANTH 301, Principles and Assessment                  2

                        Anthropology Core Total     23

Bachelor of Science

Anthropology Major (1300)

This major is strongly recommended for students seeking graduate work in anthropology or preparing for careers in related fields. Electives are chosen in consultation with the advisor to lead into specialization in areas such as: ethnology, linguistics, archaeology, environmental studies or biological anthropology. Students in this major must have course schedules approved quarterly by their departmental advisors.

Required Courses                        Credits

Anthropology Core Requirements                      23
Select a minimum of one 3-or 4-credit course in 
  each of the following areas:                      24
Biological Anthropology (311, 312, 313, 314, 315)
Archaeology (321, 322, 323, 324, 325, 326, 327)
Ethnology (333, 334, 336, 350, 354, 355, 356, 357,
   358, 359)
Ethnography (341, 342, 343, 344, 345, 346, 347)
Linguistics (380, 381, 382*)
 * Students planning on graduate school are 
   strongly advised to elect 382.
Select one of the following Methods courses:       3-4
  ANTH 421, Archaeological Theory (4)
  ANTH 442, Comparative Ethnology (4)
  ANTH 444, Ethnographic Field Methods (4)
  ANTH 483, Sociolinquistics (4)
ANTH 451, History and Theory of Anthropology         4
ANTH 458, Senior Comprehensive Survey                4
ANTH 499, Seminar                                  3-4
Select one of the following:                         4
  ANTH 491, Workshop (1-6)
  ANTH 493, Anthropological Field Experience (1-8)
  ANTH 496, Individual Study (1-6)
Electives in Anthropology and related fields      8-10
 (Department approved electives must include 
  a course in statistics.)

                                   Total     75


Bachelor of Arts

Anthropology Major (1300)

This liberal arts and sciences major provides background to prepare students for any vocation, in that a measure of achievement in all careers is success in human relationships. The major is also consistent with employment in a variety of business, government, and social service areas.

Required Courses                       Credits

Anthropology Core Requirements                      23
Select 300 level courses from at least three
  subfields:                                        15
  Archaeology, Cultural Anthropology, Linguistics,
  Biological Anthropology
Anthropology Theory and Method (400 level)          16
Must include an approved ANTH 499 Seminar
Department approved electives                        7

                                          Total     61


Anthropology 45-Credit Major (1295)

This 45 credit major must be accompanied by a major in a discipline related to Anthropology. The program will consist of coursework focused on areas related to the dual major, and must be designed in close consultation with an Anthropology advisor. A program proposal must be approved prior to admission to this B.A. program.

Required Courses                       Credits

Introductory (100 level)                         15-20
Intermediate (300 level)                         15-20
Theory and Method (400 level)                       10

                                         Total      45

Museum Studies Specialization (1305)

The Museum Studies specialization prepares the student for employment in museum settings. Electives may be selected in accordance with student career goals and interests, to include areas such as anthropology, art, biology, business administration, communication, geography, geology, history, etc. The specialization must be supervised and approved by the Department Chair.

Required Courses                       Credits

Anthropology Core Requirements                      23
ANTH 360, Introduction to Museum Studies             4
ANTH 361, Museum Exhibit Design                      4
ANTH 362, Museum Curation and Management             4
ANTH 490, Cooperative Education                     10
ANTH 499, Seminar                                    2
Department approved electives                       14
 (Must include at least 4 credits in Theory-Method 
  at the 400 level)

                                          Total     61

Anthropology: Teaching Specialization (1302)

This major is designed to prepare students for primary and secondary level teaching of anthropology. Students should be aware that Washington State does not currently grant an endorsement for teaching Anthropology; the Social Science Secondary Teaching Major is endorsable.

Required Courses                        Credits

Anthropology Core Requirements                       23
ANTH 311, Advanced Biological Anthropology: 
  Principles of Human Evolution                       4
ANTH/HIST 322, World Prehistory                       4
ANTH 347, Native American Cultures of North America   4
ANTH 355, Culture and Personality                     4
ANTH 381, Language in Culture                         4
Department approved Anthropology electives            8
SOSC 421, Methods and Materials in Social Science OR
  HIST 421, Methods and Materials in History          3
Department approved electives from at least three
  of the following areas: Economics, Geography, 
  History, Political Science                         24

                                           Total     78

Anthropology Minor (1300)

Required Courses                       Credits

Select three from the following:                 15-16
  ANTH 110, Introduction to Biological 
   Anthropology (5) AND
    ANTH 110.1, Biological Anthropology 
    Laboratory (1)
  ANTH 120, Introduction to Archaeology (5)
  ANTH 130, Introduction to Cultural 
    Anthropology (5)
  ANTH 180, Introduction to Linguistics (5)
Department approved electives                       10
 (Students in Teacher Education must include ANTH 324 or 347,
  and ANTH 355 or 381 within the 10 credits of electives. 
  ANTH 381 suggested for those enrolled in Teaching English
  as a Second Language.)

                                      Total      25-26

Museum Studies Minor (1301)

The Museology Minor prepares students for entry-level museum-related employment and/or for graduate work
in museum studies. To be eligible for admission to this program, students should be enrolled in a related
major (e.g., Anthropology, Art, Biology, Geology, Geography, History, Leisure Services, Science Education, etc.).
Approval by the Anthropology Department Chair is also required.

Required Courses                       Credits

Either of the following                            5
  ANTH 107, General Anthropology (5) OR
  ANTH 130, Introduction to Cultural
            Anthropology (5) OR
  ANTH 120, Introduction to Archaeology (5) OR
  ANTH 110, Introduction to Biological
            Anthropology (5)
ANTH 360, Introduction to Museum Studies           4
ANTH 361, Museum Exhibit Design                    4
ANTH 362, Museum Curation and Management           4
ANTH 490, Cooperative Education                    6
Department approved electives                      7

                                        Total     30

Anthropology Courses

ANTH 107. General Anthropology (5). Human biological and cultural adaptations: survey of concepts, methods, and perspectives on past and present.

ANTH 110. Introduction to Biological Anthropology (5). A survey of the history, philosophy and theory of biological anthropology including biological relationships to other primate forms, the fossil record and evolutionary adaptations. ANTH 110.1 should be taken concurrently.

ANTH 110.1. Biological Anthropology Laboratory (1). Practical laboratory experience with data in human osteology, comparative primate anatomy and ethology, forensic anthropology, genetics, and the fossil record of human evolution. Two hours laboratory per week. ANTH 1101 required for Anthropology majors and minors; optional for students completing breadth requirements of General Education.

ANTH 120. Introduction to Archaeology (5). Introduction to the concepts, methods and development of archaeology.

ANTH 130. Introduction to Cultural Anthropology (5). Understanding human cultures: concepts, methods, and basic data involved in the comparative study of human cultural adaptations.

ANTH 180. Introduction to Linguistics (5). Background, development, and relation to other fields of study. Same as ENG 180. Students may not receive credit for both.

ANTH 215. Concepts in GIS (3). Basic principles and uses of Geographic Information System (GIS). Practice with the use of GI in solving land management and evaluation problems. Two hours lecture and 4 hours lab per week.. Formerly ANTH/GEOG 431. Same as GEOG 215. Students may not receive credit for both.

ANTH 296. Individual Study (1-6). Prerequisite, permission of instructor.

ANTH 298. Special Topics (1-6).

ANTH 301. Anthropology: Principles and Assessment (2). Principles and assessment course for majors: current topics and careers, research, funding; development of assessment portfolios and individual program plans. Required for all B.A., B.S. Anthropology majors at admission.

ANTH 302. Intercultural Communication (4). The objective of this course is to give the participants the skills and understanding necessary to improve communication with peoples of other nations and cultures. Same as COM 302. Students may not receive credit for both.

ANTH 310. Research/Laboratory in Biological Anthropology (1-2). Prerequisite, previous college work in biological anthropology or other natural sciences and permission of instructor. Laboratory research analysis of biological anthropology materials. May be taken concurrently with and as a supplement to other 300-level courses in biological anthropology. The course may be repeated up to a cumulative maximum of 8 credits.

ANTH 311. Advanced Biological Anthropology: Principles of Human Evolution (4). Prerequisites, ANTH 110 and 110.1 or permission of the instructor. Analysis and interpretation of major principles of modern biological anthropology from an evolutionary perspective: genetics, population genetics, ecology, comparative anatomy and human paleontology.

ANTH 312. Human Origins: The Fossil Evidence (4). The fossil record of human and protohuman forms. Basic data and interpretation. Three hours lecture and two hours laboratory per week.

ANTH 313. Primate Social Behavior (4). Prerequisite, ANTH 107 or 110 or 130 or BIOL 112; or permission of instructor. Survey of field studies of nonhuman primates relevant to the study of human social systems and adaptation.

ANTH 314. Human Variation and Adaptation in Living Populations (4). Survey of genetic, morphological and physiological variability of living human populations and their biological source mechanisms. Current population dynamics are used to project future alternatives for change.

ANTH 315. Forensic Skeletal Analysis (4). A survey of the human skeleton and techniques of human skeletal analysis. Identification of age, sex, and other traits in modern and extinct populations.

ANTH 320. Research/Laboratory in Archaeology (2). Analysis of archaeological materials. Prerequisite, ANTH 120 or permission of instructor. May be repeated, with permission of Department Chair for a total of not more than six credits. Minimum of 4 hours laboratory per week.

ANTH 321. Archaeological Methods (4). Lectures and practical experience in analytical techniques including seriation, stratigraphic correlation, regional integration and settlement pattern studies.

ANTH 322. World Prehistory (4). Old and New World prehistory from late Pliocene to the early historic period, including the ecology and development of hunting-gathering, agriculture and state-level societies. Same as HIST 322. Students may not receive credit for both.


ANTH 323. Field Archaeology (3-6). Prerequisite, ANTH 120 or permission. Identification, mapping and recording of archaeological sites; techniques of excavation. Grade will be
S or U. May be repeated for credit with permission of Chair.

ANTH 324. North American Archaeology (4). Prehistoric cultures of North America, with emphasis on adaptation to changing environments.

ANTH 325. Prehistory of the Pacific Northwest (4). Prehistoric cultures of Washington State and adjoining regions.

ANTH 327. Non-Industrial Technologies (3). Selected tools and techniques used by non-industrial and prehistoric peoples in adapting to their environments.

ANTH 333. Culture & Marriage (4). The reciprocal relationships between the biophysical and cultural components in mating, nurturing and sexual access. Cross-cultural patterns in marriage. Same as FCSF 333. Students may not receive credit for both.

ANTH 334. Culture and Criminality (3).The cultural patterning of criminality: cross-cultural similarities and differences in the ways in which cultures create and maintain social order and cope with social disorder.

ANTH 336. Anthropology of Aging (3). Cross-cultural perspectives on aging and on ethnic elderly in pluralistic societies: variations in social and economic statuses of the elderly.

ANTH 341. Native American Cultures of Pacific Northwest (4). Setting and cultural adaptation of the aboriginal peoples of the Northwest Coast and Plateau.

ANTH 342. Hispanic Cultures of the Western U.S. (4). This course provides an overview of Hispanic cultures in the American Southwest, California and the Pacific Northwest. Culture change and maintenance through language, religion and an economic resource base is highlighted.

ANTH 343. Cultures of Africa (4). Setting and cultural adaptation of sub-Saharan Africa.

ANTH 344. Cultures of Asia (4). Setting and cultural adaptation of the peoples of Asia. (Southeast Asia and Oceania covered in ANTH 345.)

ANTH 345. Cultures of Southeast Asia and Oceania (4). Setting and cultural adaptation of the peoples of Southeast Asia and Oceania.

ANTH 346. Cultures of Latin America and the Caribbean(4). Survey of anthropological research on cultures of Latin America and the Caribbean in historical and contemporary contexts.

ANTH 347. Native American Cultures of North America (4). Setting and cultural adaptation of aboriginal American Indian cultures, and connections to contemporary issues for Native American cultures.

ANTH 348. American Culture (3). A contrastive approach to American culture: values, attitudes, practices of subsistence, economics, politics, kinship, religion in holistic cultural perspective.

ANTH 349. Contemporary Native American Cultures (4). Overview of contemporary Native North American cultures including tribal sovereignty and resource management, religion, art, health status and healing practices, cultural continuity and adaptation.

ANTH 350. Culture, Contact and Ethnicity (4). Theory and methods for analysis of culture contact situations.

ANTH 351. Visual Anthropology (4). Prerequisites, ANTH 130 or ART 225 or COM 321 or 330 or by permission of the instructor. Provides methodological, theoretical and practical background to produce and evaluate imagery in film and video; guidelines and practice of image presentation/manipulation in anthropological and social contexts. Same as COM 351. Students may not receive credit for both.

ANTH 354. Anthropology of Religion (4). A cross-cultural analysis of religion, cosmology and world view.

ANTH 355. Culture and Personality (4). A cross-cultural analysis of personality as a function of cultural organization and transmission. Same as SOC 355. Students may not receive credit for both.

ANTH 356. Gender Roles in Cross-Cultural Perspective (4). Bio-cultural factors affecting human gender roles.

ANTH 357. Medical Anthropology: Cross-Cultural Perspectives on Health and Healing (4). Emphasizes cultural and biological factors influencing health maintenance in human populations and cross-cultural perspectives on illness, healing and the provision of health care.

ANTH 358. Culture and Politics in a Global Economy (4). Cross-cultural comparative analysis of nonwestern political and economic systems.

ANTH 359. Survey of Music in Cross-Cultural Perspectives (3). An introduction to ethnomusicology: the cultural context of music with emphasis on Africa, Asia, North and South America, and Oceania. Same as MUS 359. Students may not receive credit for both.

ANTH 360. Introduction to Museum Studies (4). Concepts relating to museums in society: history, ethics, philosophy, administration, legislation and education.

ANTH 361. Museum Exhibit Design (4). Principles of design applied to visual presentation of material culture, ideas and concepts through educational exhibits.

ANTH 362. Museum Curation and Management (4). Application of techniques of environmental security, restoration and preservation in the management of museum collections.

ANTH 380. Nonverbal Communication (4). Interpretation and analysis of four categories of nonverbal behavior: paralanguage, action language, object language, and uses of space and time. Same as COM 380. Students may not receive credit for both.

ANTH 381. Language in Culture (4). Language as a culture trait. Influence of language on other human institutions. Includes psycholinguistics, sociolinguistics, ethnographic semantics, and multilingualism in its sociocultural setting.

ANTH 382. Descriptive Linguistics (4). Introduction to the basic concepts and mechanics of formal linguistic analysis.

ANTH 398. Special Topics (1-6).

ANTH 404. Intermediate GIS (4). Prerequisite, GEOG 303/403 or permission. Applied concepts, principles, and operation of fundamental GIS applications, including raster-vector data models, topology, digitizing, and various analytical techniques such as overlay, buffers, and Boolean queries. Lecture and practical applicatons. Same as GEOG 404 and GEOL 404. Formerly ANTH/GEOG/GEOL 385.

ANTH 412. Long Term Primate Studies (4). Prerequisite, ANTH 313. A survey of major long term field research projects including apes, monkeys and lemurs; comparisons across sites and results of long term observation of non-human primates.

ANTH 416. Pongid Behavior (4). Prerequisite, ANTH 313. An overview of Pongid (chimpanzee, gorilla and orangutan) physiology, social and developmental behaviors in natural and laboratory conditions.

ANTH 417. Advanced GIS (4). Prerequisite, GEOG 404, ANTH 404, or GEOL 404 or permission of instructor. Advanced GIS principles, techniques, analysis, and application. Lecture and practical hands-on experience. Applied experience using GIS software. Same as GEOL 417 and GEOG 417.

ANTH 418. Primate Evolution (4) Prerequisites: ANTH 110, ANTH 313. An overview of primate evolution from the earliest forms to modern representatives. Fossils, paleoenvironments, adaptive radiations and evolutionary trends among the primates.

ANTH 421. Archaeological Theory (4). Prerequisite, ANTH 120, or permission. Discussion of research problems in data collection, analysis, and interpretation.

ANTH 425. Zooarchaeology (4). Prerequisite, ANTH 120 and either ANTH1101 or BIOL 112, or permission. Mammalian osteology and methods in the analysis of animal bones from archaeological sites.. 

ANTH 440. Ecology and Culture (4). Investigation into interdependent environmental and human cultural systems. Traditional agreocologies and subsistence strategies; contemporary problems of resource management, social equity, political ecology, and sustainable development. Same as GEOG 440.

ANTH 442. Comparative Ethnology (4). A study of the analytical frameworks used in comparing cultures.

ANTH 444. Ethnographic Field Methods (4). Methods used in ethnographic field work.

ANTH 451. History and Theory of Anthropology (4). Prerequisite, 20 hours of ANTH or permission. Content and developmental history of anthropological theories and methods.

ANTH 456. Principles of Anthropology for Teachers (4). Concepts related to human biological and cultural adaptation, with emphasis on applicability to public school teaching

ANTH 458. Senior Comprehensive Survey (4). Prerequisite, ANTH major or permission. Advanced comprehensive survey of the field of anthropology as to its content and intent. Specifically designed for majors preparing for graduate work.

ANTH 480. Survey of Linguistics (4). Linguistic concepts and the relation between linguistics and other fields of study. Open to seniors and graduate students only. Same as ENG 480. Students may not receive credit for both.

ANTH 483. Sociolinguistics (4). Prerequisite, ANTH/ENG 180 or 480, ANTH 381, or FNLA 481 or departmental approval. Concepts and methods of sociolinguistic analysis in first and second languages. Will examine differences among cultures in the relationship between language usage and inequality. Same as FNLA 483. Students may not receive credit for both.

ANTH 490. Cooperative Education (1-12). An individualized contracted field experience with business, industry, government, or social service agencies. This contractual arrangement involves a student learning plan, cooperating employer supervision, and faculty coordination. Prior approval required. May be repeated.

ANTH 491. Workshop (1-6).

ANTH 492. Applied GIS Project (2-6). Prerequisite, ANTH/GEOG 215 and permission of instructor. GIS projects in Anthropology, Biology, Geography, Geology, Resource Management. May be repeated for credit by permission of department chair. Same as GEOG 492 and GEOL 492.

ANTH 493. Anthropological Field Experience (1-8). Prerequisite, permission of instructor and Department Chair. Individual or group off-campus experience in the field study of anthropological phenomena. This course may be repeated for full credit.

ANTH 494. Anthropological Teaching Experience (1-2). Prerequisite, 15 credits in anthropology; permission of instructor and Department Chair. May be repeated; a maximum of 6 credits to count toward major. Grade will be S or U.

ANTH 495.1. Method and Theory in Biological Anthropology (1-8). Prerequisite, Introductory plus 5 upper-division credits in biological anthropology or corresponding coursework in the biological sciences. Methods and techniques, research problems, data collection, analysis, interpretation. Laboratory orientation. May be repeated up to 8 credits. No more than 10 credits of ANTH 310 and 495 allowed to fulfill B.A. or B.S. requirements.

ANTH 495.2. Advanced Methods in Archaeology (1-8). Prerequisite, 5 upper-division credits in archaeology. Archaeological research design; planning and supervision of laboratory and field operation; preparation of reports for publication. May be repeated up to 8 credits. No more than 10 credits of ANTH 320 and 495 allowed to fulfill B.A. or B.S. requirements.

ANTH 495.3. Field Linguistics (1-8). Prerequisite, ANTH 382 or permission. A laboratory oriented course providing both demonstration and practicum in recording, transcription, and structure of languages. Tapes and field derived data. May be repeated up to 8 credits.

ANTH 495.4. Advanced Research in Cultural Anthropology (1-8). Prerequisite, ANTH 130 or equivalent, plus 5 upper-division credits in cultural anthropology. May be repeated for credit up to a total of 8 credits.

ANTH 496. Individual Study (1-6). Prerequisite, permission of instructor.

ANTH 498. Special Topics (1-6).

ANTH 499. Seminar (1-5).

Undergraduate Courses/Programs on Reserve

The following courses are on reserve and may be offered subject to program needs:
ANTH 326 Archaeology of Mexico (3)