CWUNewsNewshttps://www.cwu.edu/primate/newsen-usOur Inaugural Spring Newsletter is Here! https://www.cwu.edu/primate/node/2685Wed, 05 Jun 2019 11:44:39<p style="text-align: center;"><img alt="" src="/primate/sites/cts.cwu.edu.primate/files/PBE%20newsletter%20screenshot.PNG" style="width: 609px; height: 600px;"></p><p>Our<a href="https://mailchi.mp/e93553a03580/cwu-primate-behavior-spring-newsletter" target="_blank"> first annual newsletter</a> features program updates and achievements from current students and alumni of the Central Washington University Primate Behavior program. Join us in celebrating these accomplishments!</p><p>We would love to stay up to date on exciting research and career news. Please contact us if you would like to be featured in upcoming newsletters, and don't forget to subscribe to receive our annual newsletter in the future!&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p></p style="text-align: center;">New Publication from E. Coggeshall and Co-Authors Explores Behavioral Edge Effects in the Vocal Communication Behavior of Mantled Howler Monkeyshttps://www.cwu.edu/primate/node/2684Thu, 23 May 2019 12:22:53<p>A new publication from Primate Behavior Master's student <strong>Elizabeth Coggeshall</strong> and co-authors Laura M. Bolt, Amy L. Schreier, Dorian G. Russell, Zachary S. Jacobson, Carrie Merrigan‐Johnson, and Matthew C. Barton explores behavioral edge effects in the communication behavior of Mantled howler monkeys (<em>Alouatta palliata</em>) at La Suerte Biological Research Station (LSBRS) fragmented tropical rainforest in Costa Rica. They found that howling bouts were longer and more frequent within each bout in the forest interior as compared to individuals living in the anthropogenic forest edge. These findings partially support the ecological defence hypothesis, that individuals living in areas with high forest quality will howl longer to advertise to surrounding groups that this territory of high species richness and canopy cover is occupied.&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>You can find the article <a href="https://www.cwu.edu/primate/sites/cts.cwu.edu.primate/files/Bolt%20et%20al_Ethology_May2019.pdf" target="_blank">here</a>.&nbsp;</p><p><img alt="" src="https://www.cwu.edu/primate/sites/cts.cwu.edu.primate/files/Bolt%20et%20al_Ethology_May2019.pdf"></p>Dr. Mayhew Interviewed About Controversial Brain Study in Rhesus Macaqueshttps://www.cwu.edu/primate/node/2683Fri, 26 Apr 2019 16:18:19<p>In a <a href="https://academic.oup.com/nsr/advance-article/doi/10.1093/nsr/nwz043/5420749" target="_blank">recent study</a>, scientists in China inserted a human brain gene into rhesus macaques as an attempt to shed light on human brain development. Unsurprisingly, this sparked an ethical debate, as critics argue the gains of such an invasive study do not outweigh the welfare implications of creating genetically altered monkeys in these settings. NBC News reached out to Dr. Mayhew for comment in their <a href="https://www.nbcnews.com/mach/science/chinese-scientists-insert-human-brain-gene-monkeys-spark-ethical-debate-ncna998076" target="_blank">recent article</a>, and she was interviewed by KNX In Depth radio to provide comments regarding the ethics of this study. Listen to the interview <a href="https://knx1070.radio.com/media/audio-channel/knx-indepth-april-25-2019" target="_blank">here</a> (Dr. Mayhew provides comments around 13:00).&nbsp;</p>Time matching in reciprocating grooming partners- exploring why methodology mattershttps://www.cwu.edu/primate/node/2682Tue, 09 Apr 2019 12:06:22<p>A recent publication from <a href="mailto:ericadun@buffalo.edu">Erica Dunayer</a> (Primate Behavior MS, 2011) and co-authors Maura Tyrell, Krishna Balasubramaniam, and Carol Berman examines methodological variation in the time frame in which researchers evaluate time-matched grooming in reciprocating individuals of free-ranging rhesus (<i>Macaca mulatta</i>) and captive crested macaques (<em>Macaca nigra</em>). They highlight the consequences of variation in the methodologies used by researchers to determine the time windows used to evaluate short and long-term reciprocation. They found that long time windows did not result in the overestimation of time matching for either species, but for free-ranging rhesus macaques, small windows for short-term reciprocation underestimated rank-related effects of time-matching. Their findings suggest researchers take a cautious approach when determining the time frame by which reciprocated grooming exchanges are evaluated and suggest survival analysis as the preferred approach.</p><p>Read more about the work in<a href="https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/ajp.22968">&nbsp;</a><em><a href="https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/ajp.22968">American</a><a href="https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/ajp.22968"> Journal of Primatology</a>.&nbsp;</em></p></a href="mailto:ericadun@buffalo.edu">Five Current and Former PBE Students Set to Continue Their Graduate Education In The Fallhttps://www.cwu.edu/primate/node/2680Thu, 04 Apr 2019 09:52:19<p>Five students from the Primate Behavior and Ecology Program have been accepted into graduate programs to continue their research careers and pursue advanced academic degrees!</p><p><strong>Grace Coffman</strong> was accepted into the<strong> Philosophy M.A. program</strong> at <strong>York University</strong> in Toronto, Canada where she will study animal ethics and cognitive science as a foundation for future captive welfare research.</p><p><strong>Mireille Gonzalez </strong>was accepted into the <strong>Human Dimensions of Natural Resources </strong><strong>Ph.D.</strong><strong>&nbsp;Program at Colorado State University </strong>to study human-wildlife conflict and the human-wildlife interface with respect to wolf reintroduction, conservation, and management.</p><p><strong>Victoria Green</strong> was accepted into the <strong>Philosophy Ph.D. program</strong> at <strong>Texas A&amp;M University</strong> where she will continue to study ethics and methodology in primate field research.</p><p><strong>Alex Sacco </strong>was accepted into the <strong>Biological Anthropology </strong><strong>Ph.D.</strong><strong> Program </strong>at <strong>Washington University in St. Louis</strong> where she will continue to study primate health with a focus on reproductive endocrinology and immunity.</p><p><strong>Alexandra Sheldon</strong> (Primate Behavior MS, 2017) was accepted into the <strong>Anthropology Ph.D. program</strong> at the <strong>University of Texas at San Antonio</strong> where she will continue to study the social behavior of juvenile gibbons.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>Congratulations to all!&nbsp; Your hard work and dedication have paid off.&nbsp;</p>Current and Former PBE Students Present Their Research at Academic Conferences https://www.cwu.edu/primate/node/2679Fri, 29 Mar 2019 14:21:10<p>March was a busy month for many Primate Behavior students as they traveled to present their research at various academic conferences!&nbsp;</p><p>Current Primate Behavior MS student Elizabeth Coggeshall presented her research during the Primate Behavior poster session at the 88th Annual meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists (AAPA) in Cleveland, OH. Jake Funkhouser (Primate Behavior MS, 2018) participated in the Primate Behavior podium presentations at the conference. His presentation titled," Re-evaluating the analysis of dominance: Investigations of dominance in captive chimpanzees (<em>Pan troglodytes</em>) and wild Tibetan macaques (<em>Macaca </em><em>thibetana</em>) from a context-dependent perspective", featured collaborative work with Dr. Jessica Mayhew and Dr. Lori Sheeran. Carly Batist&nbsp;(Primate Behavior MS, 2018) also lead a podium presentation at the conference.</p><table border="0" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1" style="width: 100%"><tbody><tr><td style="width: 50%;"><img alt="" src="/primate/sites/cts.cwu.edu.primate/files/images/Image-2.png" style="width: 300px; height: 225px;"></td><td style="width: 50%;"><img alt="" src="/primate/sites/cts.cwu.edu.primate/files/images/Image-3.png" style="width: 300px; height: 400px;"></td></tr></tbody></table><p><br>&nbsp;</p><p>Elizabeth Coggeshall and Kalli Kohnen presented research posters at the Northwest Anthropological Conference (NWAC) in Kennewick, WA. Current Primate Behavior MS Student Chad DeBree and Kailie Dombrausky (Primate Behavior MS, 2018) also presented a poster on their collaborative research with Dr. Mary Lee Jensvold and current Primate Behavior MS students Grace Coffman and Emily Patton.&nbsp;</p><table border="0" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1" style="width: 100%"><tbody><tr><td style="width: 50%; text-align: center;"><img alt="" src="/primate/sites/cts.cwu.edu.primate/files/images/NWACElizabeth.PNG" style="width: 300px; height: 400px;"></td><td style="width: 50%; text-align: center;"><img alt="" src="/primate/sites/cts.cwu.edu.primate/files/images/Image-1.png" style="width: 300px; height: 400px;"></td></tr></tbody></table><p>&nbsp;</p></table border="0" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1" style="width: 100%"></td style="width: 50%;"></td style="width: 50%;"></br></table border="0" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1" style="width: 100%"></td style="width: 50%; text-align: center;"></td style="width: 50%; text-align: center;">Congratulations to Dr. Leah Usui!https://www.cwu.edu/primate/node/2678Thu, 28 Mar 2019 11:14:27<p>On March 23, Leah Usui (Primate Behavior MS, 2013) received her Ph.D. at Hiroshima University in the Department of Integrated Arts and Sciences. Her research focuses on wildlife tourism, human-animal studies, ethical tourism, and community revitalization. In April she will begin her position as Assistant Professor in the Graduate School of Letters Department at Hiroshima University.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>Congratulations, Leah!</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p>Diving into the Mother-Infant Relationships of Southern Pig-tailed Macaqueshttps://www.cwu.edu/primate/node/2663Thu, 17 Jan 2019 09:40:45<p>A <a href="https://www.cwu.edu/primate/sites/cts.cwu.edu.primate/files/documents/2019Jan17_Article_5_Final.pdf" target="_blank">new publication</a> from <a href="mailto:3emd96@gmail.com">Emily Dura</a> (Primate Behavior MS, 2017) and co-authors <a href="https://www.cwu.edu/anthropology/lori-sheeran" target="_blank">Sheeran</a>, <a href="https://bio.usm.my/staff/nadine-ruppert-dr/" target="_blank">Ruppert</a>, <a href="http://www.cwu.edu/biology/dr-clay-arango" target="_blank">Arango</a>, and <a href="http://www.cwu.edu/biology/dr-sofia-blue" target="_blank">Blue</a> examines the variables influencing mother-infant relationships and infant independence. The authors highlight the complexity of mother-infant dynamics and note that contact, proximity, offspring age, and mother's permissive behavior contribute to changes in this relationship as the offspring develops. The research followed a wild macaque group in the Segari Melintang Forest Reserve, Peninsular Malaysia, and supports observations made on captive pig-tailed macaques.</p><p>Read more about the work in&nbsp;<a href="http://www.primate-sg.org/asian_primates_journal/" target="_blank"><em>Asian Primates Journal.</em></a></p></a href="mailto:3emd96@gmail.com">CSNW Makes the Pages of The Seattle Times' Pacific NW Magazinehttps://www.cwu.edu/primate/node/2662Mon, 26 Nov 2018 11:22:28<p><a href="http://chimpsnw.org" target="_blank">Chimpanzee Sanctuary Northwest</a> and its seven residents made it into the hearts and homes of those reading the Sunday edition of The Seattle Times. The piece profiles the sanctuary and the state of biomedical research using non-human primate subjects in the U.S.</p><p>Read the full piece at <a href="https://www.seattletimes.com/pacific-nw-magazine/chimp-research-is-over-but-hundreds-are-still-in-labs-a-tiny-washington-sanctuary-is-helping-them/" target="_blank">their website</a>.</p>Second Publication on Collective Decision Making in Tibetan Macaques Appears in Animal Behaviourhttps://www.cwu.edu/primate/node/2661Thu, 15 Nov 2018 16:31:58<p>Nipping at the heels of a <a href="/primate/node/2655" target="_blank">September</a> publication on collective decision making in female Tibetan macaques comes a second article examining the rules of collective decision making in this same macaque group. CWU graduate student <a href="https://www.patwrightlab.net/amanda-rowe.html" target="_blank">Amanda Rowe</a> (MS '17) examined how dominance and "popularity", measured by the number of fans you have in your social group, impacted the speed and success of group movements.</p><p>Rowe and co-authors, including CWU professors Drs. <a href="https://www.cwu.edu/biology/lixing-sun" target="_blank">Sun</a>, <a href="http://www.cwu.edu/anthropology/lori-sheeran" target="_blank">Sheeran</a>, and <a href="http://www.cwu.edu/biology/steven-wagner" target="_blank">Wagner</a>, found that dominant females in the group had more fans and having more fans meant you were more successful at initiating group movements. However, there might be a trade-off: more fans meant that group movements were slower to get going, possibly because it becomes more difficult to join in.</p><p><a href="https://www.journals.elsevier.com/animal-behaviour" target="_blank">Keep an eye on the Animal Behaviour journal website for the upcoming release of this article.</a></p>