CWUNewsNews Publication Emerges on the Ethical Concerns of Habituation, 23 Jul 2020 05:48:33<p><a href="" target="_blank">Victoria Green</a> (MS &#39;19) and <a href="" target="_blank">Dr. Kara Gabriel</a>&nbsp;are the authors of a new study just published&nbsp;in the <a href="" target="_blank">American Journal of Primatology</a>.&nbsp; The study highlights&nbsp;Green&#39;s MS thesis research on the ethical concerns&nbsp;of primatologists toward their habituated study populations. &nbsp;The data was collected from 286 primate researchers and provides insight into how primatologists rank&nbsp;ethical concerns relative to their study groups (e.g., changes to activity budgets, displaying signs of stress), what&nbsp;they&nbsp;perceive to be&nbsp;their own ethical duties to their study groups, and what actions they take to mitigate harm while in the field.</p> <p>You can find <a href="">the paper on the AJP website</a>&nbsp;or reach out directly to Victoria Green for more information (<a href=""></a>).</p> </a href="">Dr. Jessica Mayhew featured in New York Times Article "Where the Wild Things Play", 21 Jul 2020 18:49:45<p>Dr. Jessica Mayhew, Associate Professor and Director of the Primate Behavior and Ecology Program, was featured in a New York Times article &quot;Where the Wild Things Play&quot;. She talks about the dynamics of primate play behavior and her start in primatology watching gorillas play at the Brookfield Zoo.&nbsp;</p> <p>See the article here:&nbsp;<a href=""></a></p> <p>Congratulations, Dr. Mayhew!</p> MS Student Awarded Rufford Conservation Grant, 21 Jul 2020 08:03:38<p>Congratulations to Kuenzang Dorji (a current MS student) for&nbsp;receiving a Rufford Foundation Conservation grant to support his continued research on golden langurs (<em>Trachypithecus geei</em>) in Bhutan!&nbsp;We are excited to learn more from Kuenzang about the issues that these&nbsp;endangered primates face and what efforts are being made to conserve their populations.</p> <p>The Rufford Foundation supports international conservation efforts in 152 countries with projects addressing&nbsp;the life found across&nbsp;all ecosystems. To find out more about the foundation, visit their website:&nbsp;<a href=""></a>.&nbsp;To read&nbsp;more on the projects supported in Bhutan, visit the project website:&nbsp;<a href=""></a>&nbsp;</p> New Publication: Lateralization in seven lemur species when presented with a novel cognitive task, 09 Mar 2020 09:14:28<p>Congratulations to former&nbsp;Central Washington University Primate Behavior and Ecology Program&nbsp;MSc student Carly Batist, who is now pursuing her doctorate at CUNY Grad Center, and her co-author Jessica Mayhew (CWU PBE Professor) on their new publication! The authors examined multiple lemur species to understand the strength and direction of lateralization. They found evidence supporting the &quot;cognitive simplicity&quot; hypothesis and found that individual hand preference was variable, consistent with previous research.</p> <p>Congratulations Carly and Jessica!</p> <p>Look out for this publication in the American Journal of Physical Anthropology!</p> <p><strong>Abstract Objectives</strong>: Asymmetrical behavior patterns are observed in many animal species, but the potential adaptive significance of lateralization and the evolutionary forces driving it remain unclear. Most laterality studies have focused on a single species, which makes interspecies comparisons difficult. The aim of this study was to examine differences in the strength and direction of lateralization in multiple lemur species when engaged in a standardized, novel cognitive task.</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods</strong>: We assessed laterality in seven lemur species at the Duke Lemur Center when using a novel puzzle-box. We recorded which hand opened the apparatus door and which hand picked up the food reward. We also recorded whether the mouth was used for either action instead of the hands. We then calculated handedness indices (HI), z-scores, and mouth-use rates.</p> <p><strong>Results</strong>: Overall, 62% of individuals were more lateralized than chance. However, within-genera, there were relatively equal numbers of individuals with a left- or righthand bias, which resulted in ambipreference at the genus level. The hand a lemur used on its first success in the task predicted its overall HI value, and the strength of lateralization increased as the number of successes increased. Varecia had significantly higher mouth-use rates than all other genera.</p> <p><strong>Discussion</strong>: We found evidence of an individual learning trajectory in which the hand used on a lemur&#39;s first success was canalized as the preferred (and lateralized) hand, in support of the &ldquo;cognitive simplicity&rdquo; hypothesis. Individual variability in hand preference was high, which is consistent with previous research. Between-genera differences in mouth use appear to reflect species-specific feeding postures and differences in manual dexterity</p> New Publication: Detection of neopterin in the urine of captive and wild platyrrhines by Alexandra Sacco, Jessica Mayhew, Mrinalini Watsa, Gideon Erkenswick, and April Binder, 03 Mar 2020 17:14:26<p>Congratulations to Alex Sacco on her first publication and co-authors:&nbsp;Jessica Mayhew (CWU PBE Professor), Mrinalini Watsa, Gideon Erkenswick, and April Binder (CWU Biology Professor).&nbsp;</p> <p>The authors explored neopterin as a non-invasive biomarker for health assessments in wild alloprimates in South America and confirmed that neopterin is measurable in urine. These findings promote the future use of UNC as an effective, affordable, non-invasive biomarker for field primatologists.</p> <p></p> <p>-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------</p> <p>Background</p> <p>Non-invasive biomarkers can facilitate health assessments in wild primate populations by reducing the need for direct access to animals. Neopterin is a biomarker that is a product of the cell-mediated immune response, with high levels being indicative of poor survival expectations&nbsp;in some cases. The measurement of urinary neopterin concentration (UNC) has been validated as a method for monitoring cell-mediated immune system activation in multiple catarrhine species, but to date there is no&nbsp;study testing its utility in the urine of platyrrhine species. In this study, we collected urine samples across three platyrrhine families including small captive populations of&nbsp;Leontopithecus rosalia&nbsp;and&nbsp;Pithecia pithecia, and larger wild populations of&nbsp;Leontocebus weddelli,&nbsp;Saguinus imperator, Alouatta seniculus, and&nbsp;Plecturocebus toppini,&nbsp;to evaluate a commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for the measurement of urinary neopterin in platyrrhines.</p> <p>Results</p> <p>Our results revealed measured UNC fell within the sensitivity range of the assay in all urine samples collected from captive and wild platyrrhine study species via commercial ELISA, and results from several dilutions met expectations. We found significant differences in the mean UNC across all study species. Most notably, we observed higher UNC in the wild population of&nbsp;L. weddelli&nbsp;which is known to have two filarial nematode infections compared to&nbsp;S. imperator, which only have one.</p> <p>Conclusion</p> <p>Our study confirms that neopterin is measurable via commercial ELISA in urine collected from captive and wild individuals of six genera of platyrrhines across three different families. These findings promote the future utility of UNC as a promising biomarker for field primatologists conducting research in Latin America to non-invasively evaluate cell-mediated immune system activation from urine.</p> New Publication: A new identification of the monkeys depicted in a Bronze Age wall painting from Akrotiri, Thera, 08 Dec 2019 19:43:55<p>A new identification of&nbsp;the&nbsp;monkeys depicted in&nbsp;a&nbsp;Bronze Age wall painting from&nbsp;Akrotiri, Thera</p> <p>Marie&nbsp;Nicole&nbsp;Pareja&nbsp;&middot; Tracie&nbsp;McKinney&nbsp;&middot; <strong>Jessica&nbsp;A.&nbsp;Mayhew</strong>&nbsp;&middot; Joanna&nbsp;M.&nbsp;Setchell&nbsp; &middot; Stephen&nbsp;D.&nbsp;Nash&nbsp; &middot; Ray&nbsp;Heaton</p> <p>Director of the PBE Program, Dr. Jessica Mayhew, has a new publication out in the journal <i>Primates</i>: &quot;A new identification of&nbsp;the&nbsp;monkeys depicted in&nbsp;a&nbsp;Bronze Age wall painting from&nbsp;Akrotiri, Thera&quot;. The&nbsp;authors identified a depiction of a monkey on an Aegean style wall painting and determined a new source of monkey iconography. Importantly, this paper emphasizes the need for collaborative approaches between disciplines in order&nbsp;&quot;to answer both new and previously unanswerable questions.&quot; This collaborative group of scholars&nbsp;included&nbsp;a team of primatologists (Dr. Mayhew), a taxonomic illustrator, and an art historian/archaeologist. Thanks to their integrative&nbsp;approach they &quot;identifed species-indicative visual characteristics&quot; of the depicted monkey, thought to be&nbsp;either gray or Hanuman langurs (Semnopithecus sp.). Congratulations to Dr. Mayhew and her co-authors!&nbsp;</p> Howling by the River: New publication out!, 04 Dec 2019 11:58:35<p>Elizabeth Coggeshall (MS, &#39;20) has a new publication out in&nbsp;<em>Behaviour</em>&nbsp;based on fieldwork she performed at La Suerte in Costa Rica. In this 2nd paper of their series, Coggeshall and co-authors Bolt, Russell, Jacobson, Merrigan-Johnson, and Schreier examine how forest edge habitat influences the vocalizations of howler monkeys (<em>Alouatta palliata</em>). They found that howling was longer in forest zones that are richer in vegetation compared to those forest edges that have been anthropogenically effected. This gives future researchers one more thing to consider in their work: edge effects.</p> <p>Check out the new pub on&nbsp;<em>Behaviour</em>&#39;s website: <a href="" target="_blank">Howling by the river: howler monkey (<em>Alouatta palliata</em>) communication in an anthropogenically-altered riparian forest in Costa Rica</a></p> CSNW News: Almost Human by Zoe Branch, 26 Nov 2019 13:10:40<p>Find the article here:&nbsp;</p> <p></p> <p>A wonderful article published in 425 magazine highlights our beloved Chimp Sanctuary NorthWest!&nbsp;Explore the world of CSNW, learn about the roles that&nbsp;CWU students and staff play, meet the founders (CWU MSc alumns) Diana Goodrich and J.B. Mulcahy, meet the chimps, and explore their history!&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Personhood for Apes in Argentina - commentary by Dr. Jensvold, 20 Nov 2019 10:57:29<p>Dr. Mary Lee Jensvold is interviewed and gives her thoughts on a great moment within our field, granted personhood to apes in Argentina.</p> <p>Please follow the link below to read her interview and learn about this huge victory for the rights of our beloved alloprimates!</p> <p></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&quot;Primate communication scientist Mary Lee Jensvold says she faces a fundamental problem in her work to care for chimpanzees: They have no more rights than the chair she sits on.&quot;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> New Publication by PBE Advisor Dr. Lixing Sun: The Behavioral Ecology of the Tibetan Macaque, 20 Nov 2019 10:46:51<p>The Behavioral Ecology of the Tibetan Macaque by&nbsp;Li, Jin-Hua,&nbsp;<strong>Sun, Lixing</strong>,&nbsp;Kappeler, Peter (Eds.)</p> <p>Congratulations to Dr. Sun for this monumentous publication, highlighting the monkeys that so many Central Washington PBE Faculty and Students love so dearly!&nbsp;</p> <p>--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------</p> <p>The first comprehensive book on the social behavior, cooperation, culture, cognition, and group dynamics of the Tibetan macaque (Macaca thibetana).</p> <p>This open access book summarizes the multi-disciplinary results of one of China&rsquo;s main primatological research projects on the endemic Tibetan macaque (Macaca thibetana), which had continued for over 30 years, but which had never been reported on&nbsp;systematically. Dedicated to this exceptional Old World monkey, this book makes the work of Chinese primatologists on the&nbsp;social behavior, cooperation, culture, cognition, group dynamics, and emerging technologies in primate&nbsp;research accessible to the international&nbsp;scientific community.&nbsp;</p> <p>&quot;One of the most impressive Asian monkeys, and the largest member of its genus, the Tibetan macaque deserves to be better known. This volume goes a long way towards bringing this species into the spotlight with many excellent behavioral analyses from the field.&quot; -&nbsp;Frans de Waal, Professor of Psychology, Emory University, USA.</p> <p>&quot;Macaques matter. To understand primate patterns and trends, and to gain important insight into humanity, we need to augment and expand our engagement with the most successful and widespread primate genus aside from Homo. This volume focuses on the Tibetan macaque, a fascinating species with much to tell us about social behavior, physiology, complexity and the macaque knack for interfacing with humans. This book is doubly important for primatology in that beyond containing core information on this macaque species, it also reflects an effective integrated collaboration between Chinese scholars and a range of international colleagues&mdash;exactly the type of collaborative engagement primatology needs. This volume is a critical contribution to a global primatology.&quot; -&nbsp;Agustín Fuentes, Professor of Anthropology, University of Notre Dame, USA.</p> <p>&quot;I have many fond memories of my association with Mt. Huangshan research beginning in 1983, when together with Professor Qishan Wang we established this site. It is such a beautiful place and I miss it. It is gratifying to see how far research has progressed since we began work there, becoming more internationalized and very much a collaborative endeavor under the long-term direction of Professor Jin-Hua Li and colleagues. This book highlights the increased interest in this species, representing a variety of disciplines ranging from macro aspects of behavior, cognition and sociality, to micro aspects of microbes, parasites and disease, authored by a group of renowned Chinese and international primatologists. I applaud their efforts and expect more interesting work to come from this site in the years ahead.&quot; -&nbsp;Kazuo Wada, Professor Emeritus, Kyoto University, Japan.</p> <p>-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------</p> <p>You may find the publication here:&nbsp;</p>