CWUNews FeedNews Feedhttps://www.cwu.edu/math/newsen-usVirtual Reality Discussed at CWUhttps://www.cwu.edu/math/node/2742Mon, 05 Nov 2018 13:41:50<p>Historically, learning has been accomplished in four ways: through seeing, hearing, speaking, and doing. That is now changing, because of virtual reality (VR). One of the world leaders in VR is Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) in Richland.</p><p>A United States Department of Energy national laboratory, it employs a team of computer scientists and graphic artists partnering with subject matter experts to create new software experiences that build upon those traditional learning methods, through computer-generated experiences contained within simulated environments.</p><p>A CWU alumnus, who is now on staff at PNNL, will discuss his specific efforts during the next Mount Stuart Mathematics Seminar. Titled “Virtual Reality for Science, Security, and STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) Education,” the free, public presentation will be held Wednesday, November 7, at 4:00 p.m. in Samuelson 104.</p><p>“We think virtual reality is one of the best ways to see, explore, and share experiences, data, and ideas that lead to enhanced understanding,” said Nick Cramer, a 2001 CWU alumnus and, now, PNNL VR software engineer.</p><p>His presentation will focus on how PNNL is creating virtual reality experiences for science, security, and education.</p><p>Joining Cramer at CWU will be Russ Burtner, a 1993 CWU graduate and a laboratory Senior User Experience Research Scientist; and 2016 CWU alumna Alexa Williams, PNNL Staffing Coordinator, who oversees student internships and outreach, during the presentation.</p><p>They will all be available to discuss PNNL employment and internships available from 10:30 to 11:30 a.m. and 1:15 to 3:00 p.m. in Samuelson 225. They will also be available during a pizza lunch, from 11:30 a.m. to 1:00 p.m. in Samuelson 212.</p><p><strong>Media contact:</strong> Robert Lowery, Department of Public Affairs, 509-963-1487, Robert.Lowery@cwu.edu</p><p>&nbsp;</p>CWU Fall Mathematics Seminars Begin September 26https://www.cwu.edu/math/node/2738Wed, 26 Sep 2018 07:38:31<p><img alt="" src="/math/sites/cts.cwu.edu.math/files/images/mathematics%20seminar.jpg" style="width: 259px; height: 194px; margin-left: 4px; margin-right: 4px; float: right;">Curious about mathematical modeling? Virtual reality? Check out the fall 2018 Mount Stuart Mathematics Seminars beginning September 26.<br>&nbsp;<br>“Our first seminar is a meet and greet,” said Jean Marie Linhart, mathematics professor and organizer of the seminars. “In addition, several of our students who did interesting research programs and internships over the summer will bring a slide or two describing what they did, how they found out about the opportunity, and how to apply.”</p><p>Linhart is especially excited about the November 7 seminar. CWU alumnus Nick Cramer, from Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, will give a presentation on virtual reality. Cramer will be visiting with another CWU alumnus, Russ Burtner, who is working in the same area. In addition, Alexa Williams, who is from PNNL human resources, and oversees student internships and outreach, will provide information about internship and employment opportunities for CWU students and graduates. They will be available throughout the day to meet with interested students and faculty.</p><p><br><strong>Mount Stuart Mathematics Seminars Fall 2018<br>When &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;What? &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; Who?</strong><br>Sept 26 &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;Meet and Greet: What We Did This Summer &nbsp; &nbsp;CWU Mathematics Community<br>Oct 10 &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;Mathematical Modeling with M&amp;Ms &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; Jean Marie Linhart<br>Oct 24 &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;Student Presentations &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; CWU Mathematics Students<br>Nov 7 &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; Virtual Reality for Science, Security and &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; Nick Cramer, PNNL,<br>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;STEM Education &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;CWU Alumnus<br>Nov 28 &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; Poster Session &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;CWU Mathematics Students</p><p>All seminars will be held at 4:00 p.m. in Samuelson 252. Refreshments will be served.</p><p>Media Contact: Valerie Chapman-Stockwell, Public Affairs, 509-963-1518, valeriec@cwu.edu</p><p>&nbsp;</p></br></br></br></br></br></br></br></br></br></br>CWU Math Professor Contributes to National Science Foundation STEM Efforthttps://www.cwu.edu/math/node/2737Mon, 27 Aug 2018 08:08:25<p><img alt="" src="https://www.cwu.edu/math/sites/cts.cwu.edu.math/files/images/Linhart%20Math%20workshop.png" style="width: 475px; height: 356px;"></p><p>Jean Marie Linhart, Central Washington University mathematics professor, was one of only 20 participants selected for a curriculum development workshop at Manhattan College in Riverdale, New York. Linhart was part of an international cohort that developed materials to support methods of teaching differential equations.</p><p>Linhart created a project that explores ballistics modeling; specifically how different models of air resistance change the theoretical trajectory of an object, comparing theory with experimental data.</p><p>“The project I worked on involved modeling the trajectory of a sponge dart,” said Linhart. “Students can inexpensively collect their own data, and then use mathematics to see how different mathematical models of air resistance change the theoretical trajectory of the dart, and how well theory matches up with the data.”</p><p>Participants experienced new activities for teaching with real world scenarios through presentations and teaching experiences. They investigated applying mathematics to such areas as biology, chemistry, economics, and engineering. Through peer review, conversations, and quiet time devoted to writing, participants produced innovative teaching materials for online publishing and distribution.</p><p>The organization, SIMIODE (Systemic Initiative for Modeling Investigations and Opportunities with Differential Equations), sponsored the week-long workshop to support using modeling in teaching differential equations, a pivotal STEM (science, technology, education, math) course in the undergraduate curriculum. SIMIODE is a National Science Foundation funded effort in support of a learning community at www.simiode.org.</p><p>DEMARC (Differential Equations Model and Resource Creators) is an NSF-sponsored developer workshop for faculty to participate in a challenging and invigorating faculty development opportunity.</p><p>Photo: Linhart is in the third row, to the right of the man in navy, yellow and white stripes.</p><p><br>Media Contact: Valerie Chapman-Stockwell, Public Affairs, 509-963-1518, valeriec@cwu.edu</p></br>Bitcoin Pricing, Pika Populations, and Ebola Research Presented at First Central Convergence Symposiumhttps://www.cwu.edu/math/node/2736Thu, 02 Aug 2018 13:44:33<p><img alt="" src="https://www.cwu.edu/math/sites/cts.cwu.edu.math/files/images/Central%20convergence%20pic-2.jpg" style="width: 475px; height: 327px;"></p><p>A group of mathematics students have participated in national and local Research Experiences for Undergraduates (REUs) as part of a $29,671 National Research Experience for Undergraduates Program grant from the Mathematical Association of America at Central Washington University.</p><p>The grant supported six students—four from CWU and two from Heritage University—from groups underrepresented in mathematics, to work for seven weeks on epidemiology and biological population modeling research projects.</p><p>The students will be sharing their research findings at the first Central Convergence Symposium, hosted by the Department of Mathematics and the College of the Sciences. The symposium will be held August 8, from 10:00 a.m. to 12:30 p.m., in Science II, Room 301. It features four, half-hour student talks on mathematical topics such as bitcoin price formation, pika population modeling, and ebola epidemiology modeling.&nbsp; The grant-funded students will be presenting with others including a CWU College of the Sciences Summer Undergraduate Research Experience (SURE) grant and a National Science Foundation REU participant.&nbsp; A reception at noon will follow. The university community is invited to attend.</p><p>“This grant lets students know that they have a place in math and in research,” said Brandy Wiegers, CWU mathematics professor and co-organizer of the 2018 REU. Wiegers, along with fellow mathematics professor and co-organizer Sooie-Hoe Loke, also mentored students in their research activities.</p><p>“It was rewarding to work with such talented individuals, who were extremely focused and dedicated to their research projects.”</p><p><br><strong>Photo:</strong> <em>Back row (l to r):</em> Dr. Brandy Wiegers, Aliyah Pana (grey shirt), Irene Jimenez (red shirt), Jesus C. Lopez (grey shirt), Jiovanna Lamas (grey shirt), Dr. Sooie-Hoe Loke<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <em>Front row (l to r):</em> Amber Jefferson (black shirt), Macarena M. Santillan (grey shirt)</p><p>Media Contact: Valerie Chapman-Stockwell, Public Affairs, 509-963-1518, valeriec@cwu.edu</p><p>&nbsp;</p></br></br>Talented Math Student Enthused about Graduation and What Lies Beyondhttps://www.cwu.edu/math/node/2725Mon, 14 May 2018 06:10:25<p><img alt="" src="/math/sites/cts.cwu.edu.math/files/images/2018%20Lisa%20Charron.JPG" style="width: 200px; height: 300px; margin-left: 4px; margin-right: 4px; float: left;">Lisa Charron, a soon-to-be Wildcat alumna, doesn’t just talk about math—she <em>enthuses</em> about it. According to her professors, she is an exceptional student who has taken on every challenge the actuarial science program has to offer, with a gusto that is infectious not only to her fellow students but also to her instructors.</p><p>Actuarial science is a discipline that assesses financial risks in the health, insurance, and finance fields, using mathematical and statistical methods.</p><p>“I first got into math in the Running Start program [at Yakima's AC Davis High School],” Charron said. “My teacher, Carolyn Schut, suggested that actuarial science might be a good career choice."</p><p>Charron, who transferred here from Yakima Valley College in fall 2015 with an associate’s degree through Running Start, took to the program with alacrity.</p><p>“I transferred here as a junior, and decided to slow down a little bit to get a more rounded education,” she continued. To balance and complement her mathematics curriculum, Charron took finance, computer science, and economics courses.</p><p>In three years at CWU, she has taken all of the courses for an actuarial science major plus an additional year of senior-level coursework. She has completed minors in finance and economics, served as president of the Actuarial Science Club, and passed three of the rigorous professional exams from the Society of Actuaries—all with a near 4.0 GPA at CWU. Charron was honored for her scholarship at the College of the Sciences Awards Banquet on May 3.</p><p>“I really enjoy it. It’s rewarding how challenging it is,” Charron said. “You have to study nine months straight to pass one exam.”</p><p>To be certified as an actuary, one must past a series of rigorous exams. In the CWU program, students usually make headway by passing one or two before graduation.</p><p>“Three exams down and three to go,” she grinned. “The pressure is off a little.”</p><p>It was her extra diligence that gained her a job offer after graduation. Lisa will be joining the international consulting firm, Milliman Inc., in Seattle.</p><p>“It’s an actuarial firm, you know, nerds that consult other nerds,” she laughed.</p><p>“I came to Central because it was close to home, and had one of the most esteemed actuarial programs on the West Coast. And not having to pay out-of-state tuition was a big plus, too.”</p><p>Lisa is the daughter of renowned Yakima architect Nancy Charron, of Traho Architects, PS. Lisa’s sister Monica will also walk the boards on Saturday, graduating with a degree in Food Science and Nutrition.</p><p>When she’s not computing risks, or checking statistics, you can find Lisa hiking or rock climbing, usually with her golden retriever, Autumn.</p><p>“Being at Central has been amazing, and I loved all my classes,” Charron beamed. “My teachers let me shine and be as enthusiastic as I wanted.”</p><p><em>CWU's Actuarial Science Program is the only major program offered in the State of Washington and one of very few on the US West Coast. It is ranked as an advanced undergraduate program by the Society of Actuaries.</em></p><p>Media Contact: Valerie Chapman-Stockwell, Public Affairs, 509-963-1518, valeriec@cwu.edu</p><p>&nbsp;</p>2018 Kryptos Challenge Attracts Participants from Around the Worldhttps://www.cwu.edu/math/node/2716Wed, 18 Apr 2018 11:13:21<p><img alt="" src="/math/sites/cts.cwu.edu.math/files/images/kryptos.jpg" style="width: 441px; height: 114px;"></p><p>The annual International Kryptos Challenge, hosted by the Central Washington University Department of Mathematics, boasted 143 participants, forming 61 teams. They represented colleges, universities, and schools from throughout the United States, including Arizona, California, Florida, Idaho, Iowa, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Nevada, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Vermont, Virginia, and Washington. Students from Canada and France also participated.</p><p>“We continue to have a lot of interest in this event,” said Stuart Boersma, professor and chair of mathematics, and co-founder of the Kryptos Challenge. Boersma has been running the challenge since 2011.</p><p>The contest centers on the breaking, or cryptanalysis, of secret writing, or ciphers. Each challenge presents contestants with a brief scenario together with an encoded message—ciphertext. The goal is to discover the original English plaintext message. This year, participants decrypted puzzling personal ads, unscrambled an intriguing invitation, and broke up a fictional internet trolling ring. The challenge was developed by Boersma, and his colleague, Cheryl Beaver, a Western Oregon University mathematics professor.</p><p>The first-place team, from Eastern Mennonite University in Virginia, finished in just under 20 hours.</p><p>“I think the problems were a little more challenging this year,” Boersma said. “But the main objective is to have fun. Most students with a little familiarity with ciphers or code-breaking can solve the challenges. They aren’t overly technical, nor do they use advanced mathematical algorithms.”</p><p>The contest is sponsored by the Pacific Northwest section of the Mathematical Association of America and is held every April. The 2018 challenge was held April 5 through April 9. For more information, go to www.cwu.edu/math/kryptos .</p><p>Media Contact: Valerie Chapman-Stockwell, Public Affairs, 509-963-1518, valeriec@cwu.edu</p>CWU Math Professor Earns Prestigious Actuarial Science Distinctionhttps://www.cwu.edu/math/node/2703Wed, 24 Jan 2018 08:04:00<p><img alt="" src="/math/sites/cts.cwu.edu.math/files/images/Kathryn%20Temple_0000-crop.jpg" style="width: 250px; height: 250px; margin-left: 5px; margin-right: 5px; float: right;">Becoming an Associate of the Society of Actuaries is a rare distinction for a mathematician. Kathryn Temple, Central Washington University mathematics and actuarial science professor, completed a decade of passing a rigorous series of professional examinations to achieve this honor.</p><p>Actuaries are professionals who develop and communicate solutions for complex financial issues such as risk management for banking and insurance industries.</p><p>"I started taking the exams for the Associate level soon after I first arrived," Temple said. "They corresponded to the financial mathematics courses I was teaching at the time."</p><p>She is the second professor at CWU to achieve an Associate distinction; Yvonne Chueh, also a mathematics professor, achieved the level in 1994. CWU is the only school in Washington State and one of only a handful in the Pacific Northwest to offer an actuarial science major. It is the only school in the region that can boast two professors who are Associates in the Society.</p><p>"The modules are modeled on professional cases," she continued. "The "real-life" scenarios make it easy for students to relate to, and I can emphasize other aspects of the test, such as communication skills."</p><p>Students in the actuarial sciences program usually pass one to two examinations by the time they graduate, according to Temple. Students need to pass five exams to become a credentialed actuary, and many will continue to work on examinations throughout the early years of their career.</p><p>"There are at least 40-50 declared majors in the program," Temple noted. "And we graduate up to 15 per year. Our "cohort" is small enough that we really get to know and support one another."</p><p>In addition to teaching actuarial science and upper-level courses for math majors, Temple also enjoys teaching math to non-majors and students from other departments.</p><p>"I like to make math useful and relevant for people who are going to do other things," she smiled.</p><p>A Washington native, Temple grew up outside of Spokane. She received her BS from the University of Washington, and her PhD in mathematics from the University of Wisconsin-Madison. She has been teaching at CWU for 13 years.</p><p><strong>CWU's Actuarial Science Program</strong><br>CWU is the only institution in Washington-and one of only three in the Pacific Northwest-that offers a bachelor of science degree in actuarial science. It is ranked as an advanced undergraduate program by the Society of Actuaries, as the program is designed to prepare students for the rigorous actuarial examinations. The program covers the material for the five preliminary examinations, with the typical student finishing the material for four of the five preliminary exams before graduation. For more information about CWU's bachelor of science degree in actuarial science, go to www.cwu.edu/math/.</p><p><strong>The Society of Actuaries</strong><br>With roots dating back to 1889, the Society of Actuaries is the world's largest actuarial professional organization with more than 28,000 actuaries as members. Through education and research, the SOA advances actuaries as leaders in measuring and managing risk to improve financial outcomes for individuals, organizations, and the public.</p><p><br>Media Contact: Valerie Chapman-Stockwell, Public Affairs, 509-963-1518, valeriec@cwu.edu</p><p>January 24, 2018</p></br></br></br>Klyve to Present First Heilman Memorial Colloquium Talk at Quest Universityhttps://www.cwu.edu/math/node/2700Sun, 12 Nov 2017 12:17:45<p><img alt="" src="/math/sites/cts.cwu.edu.math/files/images/D%20Klyve%20portrait-a.jpg" style="width: 200px; height: 300px; margin-left: 5px; margin-right: 5px; float: left;">Renowned mathematics professor Dominic Klyve will present the inaugural Tyler Heilman Memorial Colloquium Talk at Quest University on November 16. Klyve, associate professor of mathematics at Central Washington University, will speak on Leonhard Euler, a Swiss mathematical genius and renaissance man who lived from 1707 to1783.</p><p>The Heilman Colloquium speaker is chosen for distinction in scholarship and a dedication to undergraduate research. In addition to giving the first annual Colloquium, Klyve will serve as an external mentor to a Quest student pursuing research in the history of mathematics, and participate in the university’s scholarship conference.</p><p>Klyve is a Euler scholar, who developed the online "Euler Archive," and has been instrumental in bringing Euler's many works (on so many different subjects) to light.</p><p>"I am honored to be invited to be the first speaker at this colloquium," Klyve said. "I continue to believe that the work of Euler should be more broadly known, and I appreciate the opportunity to share some of it with this audience. I’m also pleased to be able to support Quest, a university I love, and one which reminds me a lot of CWU’s own Douglas Honors College."</p><p>In addition to being a mathematician, Euler was a world-class physicist, astronomer, and a leader in fluid dynamics. It’s less well known that Euler wrote philosophy and theology and studied music, as well. Klyve’s own work has demonstrated Euler’s early role in linguistics, and has elucidated Euler’s work in demography and population studies, which led indirectly to Darwin’s theory of natural selection.</p><p>In his talk, Klyve plans to examine the some of the highlights from Euler’s lesser-known works, and draw some insights into the value of interdisciplinary thinking today.</p><p>A prolific author, Klyve has written more than 40 papers in number theory, the history of mathematics and science, and applied statistics—several of which have been co-authored with his students. He was recently named editor of the <em>College Math Journal</em>, one of the most widely read mathematics journals in the world.</p><p>In 2015, he received a $1.5 million grant from the National Science Foundation to develop math curriculum based on primary historical sources.</p><p>An expert in eighteenth century science, Klyve has written on the mathematics, astronomy, biology, linguistics, and philosophy of the period. He has spoken on the history of math and science across the country and around the world. In 2014, the MAA selected Dominic Klyve with the Alder Award, a national teaching award for young faculty who have a demonstrated impact within and beyond the classroom.</p><p><strong>Quest University</strong><br>In 2002, Quest University Canada is Canada’s first independent, not-for-profit, secular university. Located in British Columbia, the campus is placed and operating on ancestral lands of the Squamish Nation.</p><p><br><strong>Tyler Heilman Memorial Colloquium</strong><br>Tyler Heilman graduated from Quest University Canada in May 2015. He was 22 years old when he died tragically in a climbing accident. Tyler grew up near Mt. Tabor in southeast Portland, Oregon.</p><p><br>Media Contact: Valerie Chapman-Stockwell, Public Affairs, 509-963-1518, valeriec@cwu.edu</p></br></br></br></br>CWU Geologist, Mathematician to Speak at Ellensburg Earth Day March for Sciencehttps://www.cwu.edu/math/node/2663Fri, 21 Apr 2017 12:00:30<p><img alt="" src="/math/sites/cts.cwu.edu.math/files/images/march%20for%20science.jpeg" style="width: 225px; height: 225px; margin-left: 4px; margin-right: 4px; float: left;">Geology professor Susan Kaspari, and mathematics professor Dominic Klyve will speak tomorrow at the Earth Day March for Science in Ellensburg. The two Central Washington University professors are dedicated to promoting science education and furthering public understanding in all areas of science.</p><p>Kaspari, whose work examines the effect of black carbon (soot, a common air pollutant) on snow fields and ice melt, will speak about climate science in Washington State. One of her research projects examined the increased snow melt on Table Mountain due to black carbon, and its impact on wildfires.</p><p>"We need to know how to make progress on limiting climate change during a time when climate change science has been politicized," she declared. Kaspari also heads the ice-core laboratory that documents recent environmental change related to human activities.</p><p>Klyve, whose work with students has resulted in them discovering the world's largest weird number (among other things), has been nationally recognized for his teaching excellence. He recently received a $1.5 million grant to develop an innovative math curriculum based on primary historical sources.</p><p>Klyve will speak about the history of government and science, including the oldest scientific organization, the Royal Society for Improving Natural Knowledge in England.&nbsp;</p><p>"History shows us that government can be a powerful force for good in society when it promotes science and leaves scientists free to practice their craft," Klyve said. "These lessons are still important today, maybe more now than ever."</p><p>The Earth Day March for Science in Ellensburg will begin gathering at noon the US Post Office, 100 E. 3rd Avenue. The march will start at 1:00 p.m. and end at CWU's Student Union Recreation Building, where the speeches will take place.</p><p>Media Contact: Valerie Chapman-Stockwell, Public Affairs, 509-963-1518, valeriec@cwu.edu<br>April 21, 2017</p></br>Entering Cipher-Space: Register now for the Kryptos Code-breaking Competition https://www.cwu.edu/math/node/2659Fri, 07 Apr 2017 08:10:09<p><img alt="" src="/math/sites/cts.cwu.edu.math/files/images/kryptos.jpg" style="width: 441px; height: 114px;"></p><p>Sharpen your pencils and engage your brain! κρυπτοσ, or Kryptos, is the annual code-breaking contest open to any and all undergraduate students.</p><p>The contest centers on the breaking, or cryptanalysis, of secret writing, or ciphers. Each challenge presents contestants with a brief scenario together with an encoded message—ciphertext. The goal is to discover the original English plaintext message. The competition was developed by CWU mathematics professor Stuart Boersma, and his colleague, Cheryl Beaver, a Western Oregon University mathematics professor.</p><p>Individual undergraduate students, or teams of up to three, are eligible to participate. Each individual or team must have a faculty sponsor to register. Last year, there were more than 200 entrants from sixteen different states and five countries. Even if you don’t qualify as a contestant, you can go to the Kryptos website, www.cwu.edu/math/kryptos, to look at the previous years’ challenges and solutions—and test your skills as a cryptanalyst.</p><p>According to Boersma, who&nbsp; teaches an upper level mathematics course in cryptology every few years, many of the challenges are based on historical ciphers that pre-date World War II. And while computers can be helpful in breaking some of the codes, most can be solved—if a little tediously—with paper and pencil.</p><p>“The main objective is to have fun,” said Boersma. “Most students with a little familiarity with ciphers or code-breaking will be able to solve the challenges. They aren’t overly technical nor do they use advanced mathematical algorithms.”</p><p>When the contest begins at 4:00 p.m. PDT on April 13, 2017, the Cipher Challenges will be available on the Kryptos website. Begin working and have fun! Solutions need to be submitted by 4:00 p.m. April 17, 2017. All times are Pacific Daylight Time.</p><p>For more information, go to the Kryptos website, www.cwu.edu/math/kryptos, or e-mail Stuart Boersma, Stuart.Boersma@cwu.edu.</p><p>The contest is sponsored by the Pacific Northwest section of the Mathematical Association of America.</p><p>Media Contact: Valerie Chapman-Stockwell, Public Affairs, 509-963-1518, valeriec@cwu.edu<br>April 6, 2017</p><p>&nbsp;</p></br>