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Center for Latino and Latin American Studies

Nobel Prize Winners

 
 
 
 

Juan Manuel Santos - Nobel Peace Prize 2016

The Nobel Peace Prize 2016 was awarded to Juan Manuel Santos "for his resolute efforts to bring the country's more than 50-year-long civil war to an end".

Born: 10 August 1951, Bogotá, Colombia

Role: President of Colombia


Life

Juan Manuel Santos was born in Bogota, Colombia. After a few years in the Navy he studied economics at the University of Kansas, London School of Economics, and Harvard University. He has worked as a journalist and editor. As a politician he represents the liberal-conservative Partido Social de Unidad Naciona. Since the 1990s he has served as Minister of Foreign Trade, Minister of Finance and Public Credit and as Minster of National Defense. In 2010 he was elected president of Colombia. Juan Manuel Santos is married and has three children.


Work

Since the 1960s, Colombia has been plagued by civil war. In 2012 the country's President Juan Manuel Santos took the initiative for negotiations between the government and the FARC guerillas. In June 2016, an agreement was reached on a ceasefire. In a referendum in October the same year, a narrow majority voted to reject a draft peace agreement. By awarding Juan Manuel Santos the Peace Prize, the Norwegian Nobel Committee has wanted to encourage continued dialogue and struggles for peace and reconciliation.


Kailash Satyarthi and Malala Yousafzai - Nobel Peace Prize 2014

The Nobel Peace Prize 2014 was awarded jointly to Kailash Satyarthi and Malala Yousafzai "for their struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education"


Nelson Mandela - Nobel Peace Prize 1993

July 18, 1918 - December 5, 2013

 

In the wake of Nelson Mandela's passing, we've made FRONTLINE's The Long Walk of Nelson Mandela available to watch online for the very first time — and many PBS stations will air it as a special broadcast tonight at 9 p.m. (check local listings).

In The Long Walk of Nelson Mandela, FRONTLINE tells the intimate and surprising story of the Nelson Mandela few people know: a bomb-throwing revolutionary who became a skilled politician in prison, and a passionate man who sacrificed the love of his life for a country that needed him more.

Widely hailed as the definitive television biography of Mandela, the documentary draws on stories and insights from Mandela's closest colleagues, fellow prisoners, friends and political adversaries —as well as unique photos and rare archival film.

Beyond the documentary, we have also created an interactive Facebook timeline that chronicles Mandela's formative upbringing, his time in prison, and his trailblazing quest to end apartheid in the country he loved.

Thank you for joining us as we look back on Mandela’s long walk to freedom and profound impact on the world.

PBS Frontline

Read more about Nelson Mandela at The Economist
 


Latin America

Chemistry

-Mario J. Molina, Mexico (1995)
 

Literature

-Mario Vargas Llosa, Peru (2010)

-Octavio Paz, Mexico (1990)

-Gabriel García Márquez, Colombia (1982)

-Pablo Neruda, Chile (1971)

-Miguel Angel Asturias, Guatemala (1967)

-Gabriela Mistral, Chile (1945)
 

Nobel Peace Prize

-Rigoberta Menchú Tum, Guatamala (1992)

-Oscar Arias Sánchez, Costa Rica (1987)

-Alfonso García Robles, Mexico (1982)

-Adolfo Pérez Esquivel, Argentina (1980)

-Carlos Saavedra Lamas, Argentina (1936)
 

Physiology or Medicine

-César Milstein, Argentina (1984)

-Baruj Benacerraf, Venezuela (1980)

-Peter Medawar, Brazil (1960)

-Bernardo Houssay, Argentina (1947)
 


Spain

Literature

-Camilo José Cela (1989)

-Vicente Aleixandre (1977)

-Juan Ramón Jiménez (1956)

-Jacinto Benavente (1922)

-José Echegaray (1904)
 

Physiology or Medicine

-Severo Ochoa (1959)

-Santiago Ramón y Cajal (1906)

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