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Call for Papers


In order to present a paper or presentation at the conference, you must register and you must supply an abstract by April 15th. Please follow these guidelines in preparing and submitting the abstract.

  1. Use Microsoft Word. The typeface should be 12 pt Times font.
  2. In the header of the abstract, include the name, affiliation, and e-mail address of each presenter and the title of the paper or poster.
  3. Then type the abstract of the paper or poster. The abstract should be no more than 250 words long.
  4. Send your abstract as an attached file with a name that incorporates the presenting author’s name (e.g., Smith2013.doc) and use the subject line “Paper Abstract” or “Poster Abstract” in your e-mail.

A sample abstract is provided below for your reference.

John Bowen,, Central Washington University, and Nancy Hultquist,, Central Washington University. Compressing Nature: The Development of the Inland Pacific Northwest Export Hay Industry. Every day, dozens of trucks make two roundtrips apiece hauling hay from Washington’s Kittitas County to the Ports of Tacoma and Seattle where the containerized feed will be loaded on ships bound for Japan, China, and still more distant markets. The rapid growth of the export hay industry helps explain Washington’s membership in a group of just five states having trade surpluses with both China and Japan in 2011. In fact, the industry is robust in the interior not only of Washington but also Oregon, California, and even farther inland. In this article, the growth and significance of the hay industry in the U.S. West and especially Kittitas County are assessed. Drawing on interviews with hay growers and export-processors, the physical, economic, technological, and social factors that have favored the industry’s emergence are examined. While the hay industry is fundamentally rooted in the region’s seemingly natural advantages of soils and climate, a variety of forces at the global, regional, and local scales have augmented those benefits and propelled the industry’s rise. The article ends by looking toward the future opportunities and constraints the region’s hay industry faces – especially the growth of emerging markets and the concerns about the adequacy of water supplies, respectively.

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