The recently issued National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System and State Waste Discharge General Permit for Discharges from Small Municipal Separate Storm Sewers in Eastern Washington, hereafter referred to as the Phase II Permit, outlines storm water program activities and implementation milestones that permittees must follow to comply with the federal Clean Water Act. All Phase II jurisdictions are expected to develop a Storm water Management Program (SWMP) that includes the required activities, implement those activities within the required timeframes of the permit term, and submit annual reports to the Washington State Department of Ecology (Ecology) by March 31st each year to document progress toward complete program implementation. CWU's initial Phase II permit was issued by Ecology on January 17, 2007, and became effective on February 16, 2007.
Eastern Washington Phase II Municipal Storm water Permit number is WAR04-6205
Storm water Management Program Components
The Phase II Permit is broken down into six components, and the implementation and enforcement of the six components is collectively referred to as a municipality’s SWMP.
The six components are:
- Public Education and Outreach
- Public Participation and Involvement
- Illicit Discharge Detection and Elimination
- Construction Site Storm water Runoff Control
- Post-Construction Storm water Management for New Development and Redevelopment
- Pollution Prevention and Good Housekeeping for Municipal Operations
In addition to these six minimum elements, the NPDES Permit II also requires the following:
- Compliance with storm water provisions of approved Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDLs);
- Monitoring and program evaluation
- Record keeping and annual reporting.
The SWMP is designed to reduce the discharge of pollutants from municipalities to the maximum extent practicable, to satisfy the state requirement to apply “All know, Available, and Reasonable methods of prevention, control and Treatment” (AKART) prior to discharge, and to protect water quality. The Phase II Permit requires that specified activities from each category above be completed each year in order to achieve full compliance by the end of the first permit term. The Implementation Plan developed for CWU details through a breakdown (matrices) the required annual NPDES activities. This detailed listing of annual required activities, will represent the plan that CWU will use to track permit elements that are due in any given year and make judgments about the resources needed to meet the requirements.
The Implementation Plan aids in:
- Tracking program implementation;
- Preparing and updating CWU’s required NPDES Phase II SWMP; and
- Preparing and submitting required annual NPDES Phase II reports to Ecology.
1. Public Education and Outreach—Special Condition S6.D.1
CWU has developed currently implements a Public Education and Outreach (PE&O) Program aimed at distributing educational material to students, staff and the general public about the impacts of stormwater discharges to water bodies and the steps that can be taken to reduce pollutants in stormwater. CWU partners with City of Ellensburg to produce effective collaborative results in our co-permittee relationship. CWU's education and outreach information addresses the following topics:
- Educational Information—How storm water runoff affects local waterbodies
- Proper Disposal of Hazardous Waste
- Landscaping Practices
- Alternative equipment washing practices, including lawnmowers, cars, and trucks,that minimize pollutants in storm water.
- Proper handling and disposal of wastes, including the location of hazardous waste collection facilities in the area;
- Hazards associated with illicit connections; and
- Benefits of litter control and proper disposal of pet wastes.
- CWU labels all storm drain inlets as required.
2. Public involvement and participation—Special Condition S6.D.2
The Public Involvement and Participation (PI&P) activities are implemented and are in continual update by CWU, include publishing a public notice in the local newspaper, soliciting public review of the SWMP, making the latest version of the SWMP available to the public.
- Hold and attend public meetings and engaements, soliciting public review of the stormwater management plan.
- Develop a news release for the local newspaper on the jurisdictions stormwater program.
3. Illicit Discharge Detection and Elimination—Special Condition S6.D.3
CWU has developed, implemented, continues to develop and enforce a program to detect and eliminate illicit discharges into its MS4. This element of the SWMP requires that CWU: (1) develop and adopt appropriate policies that prohibit non-stormwater (illicit) discharges and illegal dumping; (2) develop and implement an enforcement plan to ensure compliance with the illicit discharge policies; (3) develop a map of the MS4, showing the location of all known storm drain outfalls, labeling the receiving waters, and delineating the areas contributing runoff to each outfall; (4) conduct field inspections and visually inspect for illicit discharges at all known outfalls; (5) develop procedures for characterizing illicit discharges, spills, or illegal dumping, and procedures for tracing and removing sources of illicit discharges; (6) develop and implement a spill response plan that includes coordination with a qualified spill responder; (7) provide adequate training for relevant staff; and (8) keep records of inspections and follow-up activities, staff training, and other related items.
CWU's Center for Leaderdhip along with Mid-Columbia Fisheries Enhancement Group, Bureau of Land Management, Fish nad Wildlife and City of Ellensburg participatedin the 2016 Yakima River Clean Up. This is an activity going on for over 40 years. Activities such as trash pickup, storm drain stenciling and stream restoration took place. This took place around 7th and Walnut in Ellensburg this year, near another site, Wilson Creek. CWU relocate Wilson creek a few years ago. The revegetated areas needed to be cleaned up, because the site had overgrown with weed material. 1500 lbs worth of weeds were removed in April 2016 leaving good plant material to continue to flourish there. There will be follow up events such as this in 2017 and further on.
- Illicit Discharge Policy
- CWU complies and will continue to comply with all relevant ordinances, rules, and regulations of the City of Ellensburg (City) that pertain to non-stormwater discharges.
- Storm Sewer Mapping
- CWU has developed and implemented a program and checks sites to detect and address non-stormwater discharges, including illegal dumping, to the MS4.
- Visually inspects for illicit discharges at all known outfalls that discharge to surface waters.
- Spill response plan
- Staff receives training on spill and illicit discharge BMPs
- Best Management Practices
4. Construction Site Storm water Runoff Control—Special Condition S6.D.4
This element of the SWMP requires that CWU: (1) Comply with all ordinances, rules, and regulations of the City of Ellensburg that govern construction phase stormwater pollution prevention measures; (2) Obtain coverage under the General NPDES Permit for Stormwater Discharges Associated with Construction Activities for all applicable construction projects under the control of CWU; (3) Coordinate with the City regarding construction projects owned and operated by other entities that have the potential to discharge into CWU’s storm drain system to ensure that the City achieves compliance with its own ordinances; (4) Provide training to educate appropriate staff in erosion and sediment control best management practices (BMP’s) and requirements; and (5) Coordinate with Ecology and the City to provide access for inspection of construction sites or other land disturbances during the active grading and/or construction period.
5. Post-Construction Storm water Management for New Development and Redevelopment—Special condition S6.D.5
This element of the SWMP requires the CWU: (1) comply with all ordinances, rules and regulations of the City that govern post-construction stormwater pollution prevention measures; and (2) coordinate with the City regarding projects owned and operated by other entities that have the potential to discharge into CWU’s storm sewer lines to ensure that the City achieves compliance with its own ordinances.
6. Pollution Prevention and Good Housekeeping for Municipal Operations—Special Condition S6.D.6
CWU has developed and implemented a municipal operation and maintenance (O&M) plan to minimize stormwater pollution from activities conducted by the university. The O&M Plan includes appropriated pollution prevention and good housekeeping (PP&GH) procedures for various university operations, activities, and/or facilities. CWU implements a formal training program for all staff whose job functions may impact stormwater quality. This program is produced and given in conjunction with the City of Ellensburg and it's stormwater division. CWU has prepared and continues to submit an annual report to Ecology. The report includes the most current version of CWU’s SWMP and status of compliance with the various conditions in the permit.