CWUNewsNewshttp://www.cwu.edu/douglas-honors/newsen-usMass Incarceration Addressed in Spring Miniversityhttp://www.cwu.edu/douglas-honors/node/2594Mon, 25 Apr 2016 10:16:27<p>Did you know the United States has the highest incarceration rate in the world? And that blacks and Latinos are greatly overrepresented among those under correctional supervision (probation/prisons/jails and parole)? Central Washington University’s Douglas Honors College Miniversity will explore how this situation evolved over the last several decades. The four-week symposia will address the policies and practices that created this problem and those that can help reduce this kind of racial injustice.</p><p>The course will meet the first four Tuesdays in May at 6:30 p.m. in Language and Literature building, room 103F. People may register online at www.cwu.edu/douglas-honors/miniversity-home; there is no charge for this course. Register early, as space is limited. Parking in CWU lots is free after 4:30 p.m., except in specially marked spaces and in residence hall lots.</p><p>In this course, there will be four different speakers to address different facts of this complex problem.<br><br>May 3<br>Introduction to Mass Incarceration<br>Chuck Reasons, is a professor in CWU’s Law and Justice Department. In addition to a doctorate in sociology, Reasons also holds a law degree from the University of British Columbia Law School. Reasons specializes in law, criminology, criminal justice and minorities, crime, and comparative homicide between Canada and the United States.<br><br>May 10<br>Mass Incarceration and the Law<br>Teresa Divine is a lawyer, specializing in criminal and civil law and procedure, family law, and correctional law. She is also an associate professor and associate graduate faculty in CWU’s Law and Justice Department. Divine specializes in criminal and civil law and procedure, family law, and correctional law.<br><br>May 17&nbsp;<br>Mass Incarceration and Women<br>Mindie Dieu is associate dean for student achievement and a professor in CWU’s Department of English. She has taught courses in state prisons, and has written about her experiences with inmates.</p><p>May 24&nbsp;<br>Reducing Mass Incarceration<br>Roger Schaefer is a professor in the CWU’s Department of Law and Justice. His research interests include sex offender community supervision, correctional dynamics and discourse, and correctional program evaluation.</p><p><br>Media Contact: Valerie Chapman-Stockwell, Public Affairs, 509-963-1518, valeriec@cwu.edu</p><p>4/25/16</p></br></br></br></br></br></br></br></br></br></br></br></br></br></br></br>Gain Confidence in Your Writing: DHC Miniversity Features Essential English http://www.cwu.edu/douglas-honors/node/2579Thu, 21 Jan 2016 13:41:08<p>Do the rules of grammar confound you? Would you like to feel more confident in your writing? Improve your communication skills with acclaimed English Professor Emeritus Gerald Stacy at the Douglas Honors College Miniversity. The winter symposium is “Their, They’re, There . . . It’s Only Grammar,” a four-week seminar designed to polish your grammar skills.</p><p>In this course, you will learn how to avoid the most common grammar errors, and become a more effective communicator. The course meets every Tuesday in February, beginning February 2, at 6:30 p.m. in the Language and Literature building, room 103. Parking in CWU lots is free after 4:30 p.m. and on weekends, except for specially designated spaces and resident hall lots.</p><p>The course is $20, payable on the first day of class, by cash or check. Space is limited, so register early! Go to www.cwu.edu/douglas-honors/dhc-miniversity-registration-0 to sign up today.</p><p><br><strong>Become a Douglas Honors College Renaissance Scholar!</strong><br>Are you curious about your world? Would you like to explore it with like-minded seekers, led by award-winning professors? Central Washington University’s William O. Douglas Honors College is hosting a series of four-week symposia designed to nurture your sense of wonder about the world.</p><p>Mark your calendars for the Spring Quarter Symposium, Mass Incarceration and Racial Justice, beginning in April.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>Media Contact: Valerie Chapman-Stockwell, Public Affairs, 509-963-1518, valeriec@cwu.edu</p></br></br>$100,000 Coca-Cola Grant Helps CWU’s First Generation Students Complete Collegehttp://www.cwu.edu/douglas-honors/node/2546Tue, 29 Sep 2015 12:55:34<p><img alt="" src="/douglas-honors/sites/cts.cwu.edu.douglas-honors/files/images/cocacolafndtn_logo_2012.jpeg" style="width: 388px; height: 200px;"></p><p>Students who are the first in their families to attend college will receive a generous financial boost from The Coca-Cola Foundation. The Coca-Cola First-Generation Last Mile Scholarship will provide 10 first-generation students at Central Washington University with significant financial support—$5,000 per year for two years—during their junior and senior years.</p><p>“We estimate that more than 15 to 20 percent of our first-year and transfer students are the first in their families to attend college,” said Scott Wade, vice president of CWU University Advancement and executive director of the CWU Foundation. “The Coca-Cola Company has an outstanding reputation for supporting educational opportunities for first-generation students in the United States.”</p><p>By providing more than half of average tuition and fees for the year, the Last Mile scholarships will allow students to focus on their studies instead of spending excessive time at a job to pay for their education. The purpose is for students to graduate on time with the academic standing necessary to successfully compete in graduate programs or pursue a career.</p><p>To apply for the scholarship, students need to contact the CWU Scholarship Office at www.cwu.edu/scholarships/Coca-ColaFirstGen. The deadline to apply for the 2015-2016 school year is October 15, 2015.</p><p>Qualified applicants are:<br>• First-generation students (students who are the first in their immediate families to attend college)<br>• Students who are either returning or transferring to CWU as juniors in fall quarter 2015<br>• Full-time students with a GPA of 3.0 or greater<br>• Students with demonstrated financial need</p><p>Students enrolled in Ellensburg or any of the seven CWU university centers are eligible to apply for the scholarship.</p><p>Students will receive $5,000 for the first year. If they maintain a 3.0 grade point average and make satisfactory progress towards their degree, they’ll receive the second $5,000 for their senior year.</p><p>The overall purpose of the scholarships is to increase the retention and graduation rates of the scholarship recipients. It is expected that the retention rate for scholarship holders will be 90 to 100 percent from junior to senior year and that at least 80 percent of the 2015 scholarship recipients will graduate in 2017.</p><p>“We’re excited that one of the most recognized companies in the world is partnering with us to help our students,” enthused Wade. “We hope we will be working with them for many years.”</p><p><br>Since 1993, The Coca-Cola First Generation Scholarship (CCFG) program has supported students who are the first in their immediate family to attend college or university.&nbsp; Since its inception, over $39 million in scholarships has been awarded to over 3,200 students on more than 450 campuses throughout the United States.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p><p>Media Contact: Valerie Chapman-Stockwell, Public Affairs, 509-963-1518, valeriec@cwu.edu<br>&nbsp;</p></br></br></br></br></br></br>Egger named Director of the Office of Undergraduate Researchhttp://www.cwu.edu/douglas-honors/node/2545Thu, 24 Sep 2015 13:31:15<p><img alt="" src="/douglas-honors/sites/cts.cwu.edu.douglas-honors/files/images/EggerA624.jpg" style="width: 155px; height: 200px; margin-left: 6px; margin-right: 6px; float: left;">Anne Egger, assistant professor in geological sciences and science education, has been named the director of the Office of Undergraduate Research (OUR).</p><p>“CWU really excels in the area of undergraduate research”, said Dominic Klyve, the interim director of the Douglas Honors College, “and I’m very excited about bringing in new leadership as we continue to expand the good work we are doing.”&nbsp;</p><p>Egger brings a long history of involvement with undergraduate research to the position. Prior to arriving at CWU, she served as co-director of the undergraduate research program in the School of Earth Sciences at Stanford University, where she grew the program from five to nearly 50 students over seven years. In addition, she served a three-year term as geoscience councilor in the Council on Undergraduate Research, and has mentored several undergraduates at Stanford as well as at CWU in projects that range from assessing the geoscience literacy of introductory students to mapping fault scarps to determine seismic hazards.</p><p>Undergraduate research and creative expression have grown significantly since the office was first established in 2005, particularly evident in the expansion of SOURCE (Symposium On University Research and Creative Expression) as a venue for student presentations.</p><p>“I look forward to building on that growth and success and working with other programs on campus to establish undergraduate research within the campus culture,” said Egger.</p><p>Formerly housed in Graduate Studies and Research, the OUR moved to the William O. Douglas Honors College in fall 2015. The appointment comes with a reorganization and revitalization of the OUR.</p><p>The OUR is also hiring an assistant director to manage the administration of SOURCE and OUR fellowships, allowing the new director to spend more time on faculty development, training, and university-wide coordination of undergraduate research.</p><p>Klyve, who chaired the search committee for the new director, was pleased and surprised by the interest in the position from the campus community.&nbsp; “Our committee interviewed a number of faculty who are strongly devoted to undergraduate research.&nbsp; I was deeply impressed by the depth and breadth of experience demonstrated by Central’s faculty.”&nbsp; Klyve pointed out that Egger’s experience in reaching outside of her discipline to build undergraduate research connections, together with her administrative experience, made her the perfect person for the job.</p><p>Egger assumes her new responsibilities on September 15.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>Media Contact: Valerie Chapman-Stockwell, Public Affairs, 509-963-1518, valeriec@cwu.edu</p>Klyve named interim director of the William O. Douglas Honors Collegehttp://www.cwu.edu/douglas-honors/node/2544Fri, 28 Aug 2015 08:54:41<p><img alt="" src="/douglas-honors/sites/cts.cwu.edu.douglas-honors/files/images/D%20Klyve%20portrait-a.jpg" style="width: 200px; height: 300px; margin-left: 7px; margin-right: 7px; float: right;">Math professor Dominic Klyve has been named interim director of Central Washington University’s William O. Douglas Honors College (DHC). CWU Provost Marilyn Levine recently appointed the former director, Anne Cubilié, to the position of associate provost.</p><p>“This is an exciting time for the DHC,” said Klyve. “Enrollment in the Honors College has increased 90 percent during last six years. The number of students completing capstone projects has more than doubled, and the DHC has begun expanding programs for students.”</p><p>The DHC offers an interdisciplinary curriculum, and has recently established its four pillars of coordinated intellectual engagement—Critical Thinking, Undergraduate Research, Community-Based Research, and Leadership—which guide course selection and student capstone projects.</p><p>As the DHC’s associate director since 2014, Klyve promotes a broad and interdisciplinary research program and is deeply committed to undergraduate research. He has supervised more than 40 research students, and has published seven peer-reviewed publications with undergraduate students, and he holds several national leadership roles in the field.</p><p>During his time at Central, he has published research in journals in the fields of mathematics, gastroenterology, philosophy, linguistics, pedagogy, Shakespeare studies, and the history of biology. He looks forward to working with students to expand the diversity of their research experiences and their engagement with the broader scholarly community.&nbsp;</p><p>For the past three years, he has served as a councilor to the national Council on Undergraduate Research, and this year was elected chair of their Mathematics and Computer Science Division. He is the founding chair of the Special Interest Group on Undergraduate Research of the Mathematics Association of America, and he regularly travels around the country speaking to groups of students at the middle school, high school, and college levels.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>Media Contact: Valerie Chapman-Stockwell, Public Affairs, 509-963-1518, valeriec@cwu.edu<br>&nbsp;</p></br>Stellar CWU Graduate to Pursue Love of Languageshttp://www.cwu.edu/douglas-honors/node/2540Wed, 10 Jun 2015 09:11:21<p><img alt="" src="/douglas-honors/sites/cts.cwu.edu.douglas-honors/files/images/OHirschey.jpeg" style="width: 427px; height: 320px;"></p><p>“I’ve always been interested in languages,” says soon-to-be-graduate Olivia Hirschey. “My mother remembers that in preschool, I tried to help a Japanese girl learn English.”</p><p>Hirschey still likes to help people overcome language barriers. A tour guide for Central Washington University, she noticed that students with Spanish-speaking parents weren’t able to follow the English-language, self-guided tour brochure, so she took it upon herself to translate the brochure into Spanish. Later she gave the university’s first face-to-face tour in Spanish.</p><p>“Many of our applicants are first-generation college students, and need support through this new experience,” she commented. “When we [at CWU] engage the family, we can help students in the long run.”</p><p>Hirschey will be graduating this weekend <em>summa cum laude</em> with dual bachelors’ degrees in English and Spanish and a minor in linguistics. The Newcastle, Washington native is also an Arts and Humanities Honors Scholar in the Douglas Honors College. Her DHC senior thesis, “Language and Legislation: Bilingual Education in the United States, 18th&nbsp;Century-Present,” is a comprehensive analysis of the relationship between politics and bilingual education legislation in the US school system. In 2013, she was initiated into Phi Kappa Phi, the nation's oldest and most selective collegiate honor society, and she was recently awarded the society’s annual fellowship to support her first year of graduate study.</p><p>Her parents encouraged her love of language from the beginning. They enrolled her in a dual-language elementary school, and for six years she was immersed in Spanish language and culture.</p><p>Last summer she was finally able to study abroad at the Universidad de Salamanca in Spain—“I’ve always wanted to go, but between two jobs and two majors, it was difficult fitting it in.” After an “amazing” month of intensive language study, Hirschey did a whirlwind tour of Europe—“I saw 17 cities in six countries!”</p><p>This fall, she will enter the University of Colorado-Boulder to pursue a doctoral degree in linguistics, focusing on language acquisition and sociolinguistics.</p><p>Foreshadowing her career as an academic, Hirschey has pursued several research avenues. As lead writing tutor in the Learning Support Services, she noticed students adjusting to the new format of question-based collaborative learning adopted by the faculty and staff. She conducted a research project, “Assessing the Expectations for Learning Support Services Tutoring,” which she presented to students and faculty at the 2014 Symposium on Undergraduate Research and Creative Expression (SOURCE), where it won the Brooks Library Best Presentation Award. Hirschey later presented her research at the 2015 National Conference on Undergraduate Research.</p><p>Her research acumen and interest in linguistics caught the attention of mathematics professor Dominic Klyve, who had a languishing research project involving the linguistic research of 18th-century mathematician Leonhard Euler. Working with Klyve, Hirschey analyzed the previously unpublished documents—“I had to teach myself articulatory phonetics of the 18th century”— and wrote “The Missing <em>Meditatio</em>: Leonhard Euler’s (1707–1783) Contribution to Articulatory Phonetics,” which was published in <em>Historiographia Linguistica</em> 42/1 (2015). Hirschey was first author on the paper, a singular achievement for an undergraduate.</p><p>“The work wouldn’t have been done if not for Olivia,” noted Klyve, who has nothing but praise for his motivated co-author.</p><p>“Truly, I could not have asked for a better undergraduate experience,” said Hirschey, a Newport High School graduate (’11) who came to CWU because she had heard that it had a great community and really cared about its students—“which I have experienced since the first day I got here. I have received so much support and motivation from staff and faculty. They have all encouraged me to pursue projects and set high goals.<br><br>“I want to come back as an alumna and say ‘I was part of that.’ I’m proud to be part of the Wildcat family.”</p><p>Photo credit: Mphotography</p><p><br>Media Contact: Valerie Chapman-Stockwell, Public Affairs, 509-963-1518, valeriec@cwu.edu</p></br></br></br>Krista Zimmerman published in Scribendi 2015http://www.cwu.edu/douglas-honors/node/2537Tue, 19 May 2015 10:55:30<h4>May 19, 2015&nbsp;</h4><p>DHC junior, Krista Zimmerman has her work featured twice in the annual Scribendi publication of the Western Regional Honors Council (WRHC). Scribendi is an academic journal of creative works by honors students in the liberal arts, representing over 200 universities within the WRHC.</p><h3>Three Ravens</h3><p><img alt="" src="/douglas-honors/sites/cts.cwu.edu.douglas-honors/files/Three%20Ravens.jpg" style="width: 500px; height: 183px;"></p><p>Copic marker on paper, 30” x 11”</p><p>Winner of the visual art staff choice award.</p><p>“I have always had a fascination with birds, and when I saw pictures of white ravens for the first time, I was inspired to study them and create a piece fascinating their mystique.”</p><p>&nbsp;</p><h3>Watching Wolf</h3><p><img alt="" src="/douglas-honors/sites/cts.cwu.edu.douglas-honors/files/Watching_Wolf.jpg" style="width: 438px; height: 600px;"></p><p>Pen on paper, 11” by 14”</p><p>“This serves to symbolize the vast number of elements that make up, and are therefore necessary to the survival of, the natural world. If these factors, such as the many small aspects that make up a habitat for a species, are removed, that species’ survival is in danger. These [type of] works attempt to convey some of the wonder of nature to those who might not have had the chance to experience it or who have forgotten in the bustle of everyday life. I hope to make at least a tiny impact in making people see that the natural world is worth protecting.”</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>Ms. Zimmerman is currently working on her Bachelor of Fine Arts in Studio Art here at Central Washington University and is very involved with the William O. Douglas Honors College as a student and a peer mentor within the DHC Living Learning Community.</p><p>“This experience speaks strongly to my belief that an artist, or a member of any field really, can always be improved by being open to knowledge from all subjects, fields, and ways of thought.”</p>CWU's Observer showcases SOURCEhttp://www.cwu.edu/douglas-honors/node/2536Thu, 14 May 2015 10:02:42<p><em><strong>Victoria Shamrell, Staff Reporter (Observer)</strong></em></p><p><em><strong>May 13, 2015</strong></em></p><p>The Symposium Of University Research and Creative Expression (SOURCE)—a university-wide forum that showcases the research and work of students and faculty from various departments across Central—is celebrating its 20th anniversary this year.</p><p>On May 21, 34 different departments are participating in over 350 presentations at SOURCE. In addition, SURC 137A will be live streamed online to allow people from around the state to see what’s going on.</p><p>A key experience of students presenting at SOURCE is the chance to work and grow under a mentor.</p><h3>Finding a mentor</h3><p>Meghan Gilbert, junior psychology major, is a student presenter who is working under a mentor for her SOURCE presentation. According to Gilbert, to find a mentor for SOURCE a student usually has to take the initiative and actively seek one out.</p><p>“It’s more of a student seeking out opportunities in their departments. You have to seek that out yourself; it’s not given or provided for you,” Gilbert said.</p><p>Dr. Jesse James is a lecturer in the psychology department and Gilbert’s mentor. James said that he always encourages students in his research methods class to join a professor’s lab and participate in research.</p><p>“I strongly recommend you be proactive and go approach someone that is researching in an area that is similar to your own interests, but I rarely have students take the initiative from that invitation to actually go and approach another professor,” James said. “We can just keep encouraging and keep hoping that students will take advantage of that opportunity.”</p><h3>An amazing opportunity</h3><p>Jamie Gilbert is the SOURCE coordinator this year. The one-on-one time students can spend with their mentor is priceless, Jamie Gilbert said. Though mentors are there to help students, they wait for students to ask for their help before they give it.</p><p>“One of the best things about Central is our smaller classrooms and being able to get know your professors more and learn from them,” Gilbert said. “I believe Central is all about mentorship.”</p><p>Meghan Gilbert said that having a mentor has allowed her to be a part of the whole process of putting together an individual project for SOURCE and expanded her knowledge.</p><p>“I’ve also had like different relationships; when it’s been more like I’ve had mentors who will sit there and talk at me and ask me to do really small things, but I don’t feel like I learned anything from the process,” Meghan Gilbert said. “Dr. James has allowed me to be very hands-on with it, and he’s there if I have questions or if I need to learn more. But he’s really allowed me to put together the project as a whole, and I’ve really enjoyed that, and I felt like it’s really helped me grow as a student.”</p><h3>Mentoring Students</h3><p>According to James, it is a wonderful process, and he loves mentoring students. There are dull and exciting moments just like everything else; when moments are really mundane, all they can do is just trudge through because the end result is coming and that’s what makes it all worth it.</p><p>“My favorite part of mentoring students is knowing that my students are gaining new knowledge and skills that they learned in abstract ways in the classroom that they are using for the first time in a real applied kind of way,” James said. “When they start to produce something, some project, some end product, a poster, research project or new knowledge that has never been found in the history of the world, I think that’s really exciting.”</p><p>Jamie Gilbert said that all students who present at SOURCE have the opportunity to work one-on-one with their mentors.</p><p>“A lot of universities are so large that students don’t have the opportunity to work one-on-one with their professors, SOURCE and Central gives students that opportunity,” Jamie Gilbert said. ”It’s great for the professors too, because they get the chance to showcase the help on their research but to also be able help in that growth in their students.”</p><p><a href="http://cwuobserver.com/5599/scene/source-celebrates-20th-anniversary-at-central/" target="_blank">http://cwuobserver.com/5599/scene/source-celebrates-20th-anniversary-at-central/</a></p>DHC Sponsors Movie Magic and Math at CWU Fridayhttp://www.cwu.edu/douglas-honors/node/2531Wed, 25 Feb 2015 14:54:11<p>What is the secret ingredient in that makes animated Disney and Pixar movies come alive? Mathematics!</p><p>Join renowned mathematics professor Michael Dorff for his presentation, “Movies and Math—the Past, Present, and the Future.” Using examples from the animated films <em>Frozen</em> and <em>The Incredibles</em>, Dorff will demonstrate how the films’ artists used math to achieve effects like realistic snow and quick-moving characters.</p><p>Dorff’s presentation will also convey the important role math has in creating Hollywood blockbusters, and how mathematics will shape the future of the film industry. The presentation takes place on at 4:00 p.m. Friday, February 27 in the CWU Science Building, Room 147, and is free and open to the public.</p><p>Dorff is an acclaimed mathematics lecturer from Brigham Young University. His presentation is sponsored by Douglas Honors College.</p><p><br>For more information, contact Madelyne Weber, 509-963-1900, or dhc@cwu.edu.</p><p><br>Media Contact: Valerie Chapman-Stockwell, Public Affairs, 509-963-1518, valeriec@cwu.edu<br>&nbsp;</p></br></br></br>November Is the Month of Givinghttp://www.cwu.edu/douglas-honors/node/2527Wed, 05 Nov 2014 14:19:47<p><img alt="" src="/douglas-honors/sites/cts.cwu.edu.douglas-honors/files/images/CFD%2030th%20Logo-V1-1.jpg" style="width: 200px; height: 200px; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px; float: left;">Dear Campus Community,</p><p>November is the month of giving.</p><p>I hope you will join me in celebrating and participating in the Washington State Combined Fund Drive (CFD). This statewide project leverages millions for local communities. Our contributions to CFD can support the work we hold most important anywhere in the state.</p><p>Both active and retired Washington State public employees may participate in this program, the fourth largest public employee giving program in the nation. About 5,000 individuals pledge more than $5 million each year, benefitting more than 3,800 local, national and global charities. Those are big numbers and CWU's participation can make them even bigger.</p><p>Making a donation is easy. Simply follow this link www.cwu.edu/cfd.&nbsp; Just choose from the list of participating organizations and pledge your 2014 CFD contribution. If you prefer, fill out a contribution form and take it to the CWU Department of Human Resources in Bouillon Hall. CFD makes giving easy by allowing monthly, recurring and limited-time contributions. You can even write a personal check or authorize payroll deductions through the CWU payroll system. You decide what works best for you.</p><p>Some CWU employees are already giving their time to this effort. Special thanks go to the CWU Giving Committee:</p><p>Michelle Adams &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;Stephanie Harris&nbsp;&nbsp; Leona Lindvig<br>Joseph Bryant &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; Linda Huber &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; Melody Madlem<br>Edna Comedy (Chairperson) &nbsp; &nbsp; Drue Larson &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; Charity McCright<br>Sarah Feeney&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; Claire Layman &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; Tracy Plouse<br>Lindsey Ulrich</p><p>Remember:&nbsp; The amount you give isn’t what’s important. Every dollar helps support important community services. Help CWU reach 100-percent participation in CFD this year. With your help, we can do it!</p><p><img alt="" src="/douglas-honors/sites/cts.cwu.edu.douglas-honors/files/images/gaudino%20sig.jpg" style="width: 138px; height: 61px;"><br>James L. Gaudino<br>President</p><p>&nbsp;</p></br></br></br></br></br></br>