Safety Data Sheet Info
What is a SDS?
Safety Data Sheets (SDSs) are detailed informational documents which describe the physical and chemical properties of a hazardous chemical. These documents are prepared by the manufacturer of the chemical. The Hazard Communication Standard (Federal Standard 29 CFR 1910.1200 or for Washington state WAC 296-901) also known as the "Right -to-Know" law enacted in 1985 sets forth the following requirements:
- It is the responsibility of the manufacturer of a material to determine what hazards are associated with the material, to prepare an SDS for the material, and to provide the SDS to any recipients of the material.
- It is the responsibility of an employer to provide SDSs and training in their interpretation to the employees. SDSs for hazardous materials must be readily available in the workplace.
- It is the responsibility of the employees to read and understand the SDSs of any chemicals used on the job.
What information can be found on an SDS?
An SDS is organized into 16 sections, which must include the following information:
- Section 1. Identification
- Product identifier; recommended or restricted use; manufacturer’s information; emergency phone number
- Section 2. Hazard(s) identification
- All hazards associated with the chemical; required label elements; specific toxicity information
- Section 3. Composition/information on ingredients
- Chemical name; common name; Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) number; trade secret claims
- Section 4. First-aid measures
- Description of necessary measures subdivided by route of exposure; most important symptoms/effects, acute and delayed; indication of immediate medical attention/special treatments if necessary
- Section 5. Fire-fighting measures
- Suitable (and unsuitable) extinguishing media; specific hazards arising from combustion of the chemical
- Section 6. Accidental release measures
- Personal precautions, protective equipment, and emergency methods; methods and materials for containment and clean up
- Section 7. Handling and storage
- Precautions for safe handling; conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities
- Section 8. Exposure controls/personal protection
- Permissible Exposure Limit (PEL), Threshold Limit Value (TLV), any other relevant exposure limits; appropriate engineering controls; personal protective equipment (PPE)
- Section 9. Physical and chemical properties
- All known chemical characteristics
- Section 10. Stability and reactivity
- Chemical stability; potentially hazardous reactions conditions to avoid such as static discharge or vibration; hazardous decomposition products
- Section 11. Toxicological information
- Information on the likely routes of exposure; symptoms related to toxicological characteristics; carcinogens
- Section 12. Ecological information (Non-mandatory)
- Ecotoxicity; persistence; bioaccumulative potential
- Section 13. Disposal considerations (Non-mandatory)
- Description of waste residues and information regarding safe handling; instructions for disposal of contaminated packaging
- Section 14. Transport information (Non-mandatory)
- Transport hazard classes; environmental hazards
- Section 15. Regulatory information (Non-mandatory)
- Safety, health, and environmental regulations specific to the product in question
- Section 16. Other information, including date of last preparation or last revision
- Date of SDS preparation or the last change to it
Where can I find additional help reading SDSs?
Sci Rm 303
Sci Rm 315
Campus Safety Building
campus EH&S Officer
Campus Safety Building
On the Internet
- SDS Glossary of Terms
- SDS Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
- Online SDS Dictionary
- NFPA Guide to Hazard Rating
- Glove Selection Chart
Where do I find SDSs?
In the Chemistry Department
Hard copies of SDSs for all chemicals in the Chemistry department are located in the Chemistry stockroom (Sci 303), in each research lab for lab specific chemicals, and at the SDS Workstation in the hall outside Sci 311. For a copy of the SDS - take the appropriate binder to the Chem office (Sci 302) and the secretary will make a copy. Do not remove the SDS from the binder.
On the Internet