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Pre-Professional Programs: Pre-Medical Technology

General Information

A medical technologist performs a full range of laboratory tests from simple blood tests and urinalysis, to identification of microorganisms, and includes phlebotomy (blood-drawing). Medical technologists perform complex chemical, biological, hematological, immunologic, microscopic, and bacteriological tests, and type and cross match blood samples for transfusions. Additionally, medical technologists rigorously maintain clinical laboratory quality control programs to ensure the accuracy of tests, and may supervise medical and clinical laboratory technicians. More information about the field can be found at the following websites:

Educational Requirements

Medical technologists are generally required to have a bachelor's degree, and must complete a one year internship in an accredited program. CWU offers all the appropriate coursework for entry into internship programs. Required coursework includes a year of general chemistry, a minimum of two quarters of organic chemistry, general microbiology, and immunology. Other recommended courses include virology, medical microbiology, molecular biotechnology, quantitative analysis, biochemistry and statistics. Internships available in Washington State include the Yakima Regional Clinical Laboratory Science Program, and the Sacred Heart Medical Center School of Medical Technology. 

The CWU advisor for the Pre-Medical Technology option is Dr. Holly C. Pinkart (509) 963-2710, email:

National Need

There were approximately 295,000 medical technologists and medical laboratory technicians in 2000. Many were employed by hospitals, with the remaining jobs found in medical laboratories or medical clinics. Additional opportunities exist in blood banks, research and testing laboratories, and in the Federal Government at U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs hospitals and U.S. Public Health Service facilities. Employment of clinical laboratory workers is expected to grow about as fast as the average for all occupations through the year 2010. Expected growth is about 10-20% through 2010.

Estimated Earnings

Median annual earnings of medial and clinical laboratory technologists were $40,510 in 2000. The middle 50 percent earned between $34,220 and $47,460. The lowest 10 percent earned less than $29,240 and the highest ten percent earned more than $55,560. Median annual earnings in the industries employing the largest number of medical and clinical laboratory technologists in 2000 were as follows:

  • Hospitals $40,840
  • Medical and dental laboratories $39,780